PIGC

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PIGC
Identifiers
Aliases PIGC, GPI2, phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis class C
External IDs MGI: 1914542 HomoloGene: 7109 GeneCards: PIGC
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE PIGC 202846 s at fs.png

PBB GE PIGC 215242 at fs.png

PBB GE PIGC 216593 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_153747
NM_002642

NM_001039045
NM_026078

RefSeq (protein)

NP_002633
NP_714969

NP_001034134.1
NP_080354.1
NP_001034134
NP_080354

Location (UCSC) Chr 1: 172.37 – 172.44 Mb Chr 1: 161.97 – 161.97 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit C is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PIGC gene.[3][4][5]

This gene encodes an endoplasmic reticulum associated protein that is involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) lipid anchor biosynthesis. The GPI lipid anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells and serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. The encoded protein is one subunit of the GPI N-acetylglucosaminyl (GlcNAc) transferase that transfers GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI) on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum. Two alternatively spliced transcripts that encode the same protein have been found for this gene. A pseudogene on chromosome 11 has also been characterized.[5]

Interactions[edit]

PIGC has been shown to interact with PIGQ.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Inoue N, Watanabe R, Takeda J, Kinoshita T (Oct 1996). "PIG-C, one of the three human genes involved in the first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis is a homologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae GPI2". Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 226 (1): 193–9. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1996.1332. PMID 8806613. 
  4. ^ Hong Y, Ohishi K, Inoue N, Endo Y, Fujita T, Takeda J, Kinoshita T (Nov 1997). "Structures and chromosomal localizations of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol synthesis gene PIGC and its pseudogene PIGCP1". Genomics. 44 (3): 347–9. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.4893. PMID 9325057. 
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: PIGC phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class C". 
  6. ^ Watanabe, R; Inoue N; Westfall B; Taron C H; Orlean P; Takeda J; Kinoshita T (Feb 1998). "The first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis is mediated by a complex of PIG-A, PIG-H, PIG-C and GPI1". EMBO J. ENGLAND. 17 (4): 877–85. doi:10.1093/emboj/17.4.877. ISSN 0261-4189. PMC 1170437Freely accessible. PMID 9463366. 

Further reading[edit]