PKP class Lyd2

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Lyd2 Bieszczady.jpg
Type and origin
Power type Diesel
Builder 23 August Locomotive Works, Bucharest
Build date 1976 - 1982
 • Whyte 0-4-0 Egyptian Versions
0-6-0 European Versions
 • UIC B Egyptian Versions
C European Versions
Gauge 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in)
785 mm (2 ft 6 2932 in)
1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Driver dia. 800 mm or 1000 mm
Length 7.45m
Width 2.65m
Adhesive weight 7 t (empty) 8 t
Loco weight 21 t 24 t
Operators PKP
Class Lyd2

The PKP class Lyd2 is a narrow gauge diesel hydraulic locomotive built by FAUR (former 23 August Works) in Romania, for use initially for sugar cane railway in Egypt with later variants developed for use in Poland, Romania and Albania. It was commissioned by Polskie Koleje Państwowe for service on the railways of Poland.


The Lyd2 classification gives the technical details of the locomotives. L indicates a narrow gauge locomotive, y indicates 3 axles (0-6-0 or C), d indicates diesel fuel, and finally, 2 indicates hydraulic transmission.[1]

The locomotive is configured with a single cab, with driving positions for both directions. The diesel engine (Maybach MB83B built under licence) produces 257 kilowatts (345 bhp) though documentation shows a peak rating of 415 bhp from a normally aspirated engine. Transmission occurs by means of hydraulic transmission TH5R-V6. Train braking is via the single pipe air system.

Deployment and usage[edit]


15 locomotives are listed as operative in Poland during 2013. They are split between Białośliwie, Żnin, BKL Cisna, Cement Odra Opole, Rudy, Piaseczno and Koszalin depots. Another 14 locomotives are listed as non-operative.[2]

Outside Poland[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Slezské zemské dráhy, a company which operates passenger trains on narrow gauge railway line Třemešná ve Slezsku – Osoblaha during sommer, purchased in 2005 Lyd2.[3]


The Zittauer Schmalspurbahn has an Lyd2, numbered 199 013.

The Döllnitzbahn has 2 Lyd2 locomotives, numbered 199 033-2 and 199 034-0 both 1981 built.

St. Kitts[edit]

St. Kitts Scenic Railway own three of the class[4]

United Kingdom[edit]

One locomotive (works number 24376[5]) previously at the Great Whipsnade Railway in Bedfordshire has been sold to the South Tynedale Railway.

Three locomotives are based at the Welsh Highland Heritage Railway in Porthmadog PKP numbers 58 & 60 LP Number 08.[6]


  1. ^ Andrew Goodwin; Stephen Goodwin; Dave Meller (14 October 2003). "The Lyd2 Page". Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Lyd2 Locomotives in St. Kitts
  5. ^ Industrial Railway Society (2012). Industrial Locomotives (16EL). Industrial Railway Society. ISBN 978 1 901556 78 0. 
  6. ^ Welsh Highland Railway Porthmadog: Stock List

External links[edit]