PKP class SP45

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SP45
WK14 Kościerzyna SP45 Travelarz.jpg
SP45-139
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder Cegielski
Build date 1970–1976
Total produced 268
Specifications
Configuration:
 • UIC Co′Co′
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Driver dia. 1,100 mm (43.31 in)
Length 18,990 mm (62 ft 3 58 in)
Width 2,900 mm (9 ft 6 18 in)(?)
Height 3,900 mm (12 ft 9 12 in)(?)
Loco weight 102 t (100 long tons; 112 short tons)
Fuel capacity 3,200 L (700 imp gal; 850 US gal)
Engine type 2112SSF
Cylinders 12
Cylinder size 210 mm (8.27 in) x (?)
Transmission Electric
Loco brake Oerlikon
Performance figures
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Power output 1,750 hp (1,300 kW)
Tractive effort 320 kN (72,000 lbf)
Career
Operators PKP
Class SP45

SP45 is the name for a Polish diesel locomotive. It was built for the purpose of passenger traffic. No operating examples of this loco remain. All have been phased out or rebuilt into SU45.

History[edit]

In the early 1960s in Poland an urgent need became apparent to introduce locomotives capable of servicing passenger traffic on main and secondary rail routes. The number of steam locomotives was shrinking and electrification was far too slow to introduce electric locos on a large scale.

Prototypes[edit]

In the second half of the 1960s a few models of a new locomotive, with Co-Co bogies and electric transmission, were built at the Hipolit Cegielski Metal Works in Poznań. In general, all prototypes differed by engine-alternator combination. The final decision was to use a Fiat-licensed engine and an Alsthom-licensed alternator.

Introduction[edit]

The first locos were assigned to the Poznań railway district, and on successfully passing the necessary tests, they entered service in Warsaw. Between 1970 and 1976, a total number of 265 locomotives were produced. This type served on all main routes in Poland

Production[edit]

Locomotive numbers Producer Production years Quantity
001 - 268 Cegielski (Poznań) 1970–1976 268

Present days[edit]

All locomotives of this type were[when?] rebuilt into SU45 (with a new heating system) or phased out.

Locomotive assignment[edit]

Locomotives numbers Operator Remarks
139 Kościerzyna - heritage park as an exhibit

Nicknames[edit]

These locomotives used to be called the following names:

  • Fiat - because of diesel engine licensed by Fiat
  • Suka (eng. bitch) - from the two first letters of the code name (SUka - after conversion to SU45 class)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]