PL-10 (ASR)

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TypeShort-range air-to-air missile
Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Production history
ManufacturerLuoyang Electro-Optics Technology Development Centre (EOTDC)
Length3.0m [1]
Warheadblast-frag, or expanding rod (RF-fuse)
laser proximity fuse and impact

EngineSolid-fuel rocket
multi-element imaging infrared

The PL-10 (Chinese: 霹雳-10; pinyin: Pī Lì-10; literally: 'Thunderbolt-10') is a short-range, infrared-homing air-to-air missile (AAM) developed by the People's Republic of China. It was designed by Dr. Liang Xiaogeng (梁晓庚) at the Luoyang Electro Optical Center, which is also known as Institute 612 and renamed in 2002 as the China Air-to-Air Guided Missile Research Institute (中国空空导弹研究院). Development of the missile commenced in 2004 for use on stealth fighters such as the J-20.


The missile is fitted with a multi-element IIR seeker capable of +/-90 degree off boresight angles. The missile seeker can be slaved to a Helmet Mounted Display (HMD),[2] allowing the pilot to track a target beyond the aircraft's radar scan envelope using the missile's high off-boresight capability, achieved by the pilot turning his head towards the target to lock-on,[3] better known as “look and shoot”. Flight is controlled by a thrust-vector controlled solid rocket motor and free-moving type control wings on the missile's tail.[4] The central portion of the missile has long, thin strakes, which help maintain missile maneuverability in the terminal homing stage after the rocket motor stops firing.


  1. ^
  2. ^ "China Completes Air-to-Air Missile Development For Fifth-Gen Fighter Jet". Defenceworld. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  3. ^ Melzer, James (2011). "Chapter 5: Head-Mounted Displays" (PDF). In Spitzer, Cary (ed.). The Avionics Handbook. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-8348-X.
  4. ^ "Chief designer reveals data on China's new Luoyang PL-10 AAM". Janes. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2016.