People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison

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Chinese People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison
PLA HK 07 Army arm badge (cropped).png
PLA Hong Kong Garrison arm badge
Founded25 October 1994 (in Shenzhen)
Service branches People's Liberation Army Ground Force
 People's Liberation Army Navy
 People's Liberation Army Air Force
HeadquartersChinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building
22°16′54″N 114°09′51″E / 22.2817325°N 114.1641229°E / 22.2817325; 114.1641229Coordinates: 22°16′54″N 114°09′51″E / 22.2817325°N 114.1641229°E / 22.2817325; 114.1641229
Political Commissar[2]Maj. Gen. Cai Yongzhong[1]
CommanderMaj. Gen. Chen Daoxiang
Active personnel10,000-12,000[3]
Chinese People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison
Traditional Chinese中國人民解放軍駐香港部隊
Simplified Chinese中国人民解放军驻香港部队
Literal meaningChina People Liberation Army stationing Hong Kong Troops

The People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison is a garrison of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), responsible for defense duties in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region since the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred to the PRC in 1997. Prior to the handover, Hong Kong was under British rule, and the defense of Hong Kong was the responsibility of the British Forces Overseas Hong Kong, with auxiliary help from the Royal Hong Kong Regiment.

As a non-sovereign territory, Hong Kong has never had a military force of its own. The garrison is headquartered in Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building in Central, Hong Kong. The combined size of the Hong Kong garrison is approximately 10,000-12,000 personnel.

Role in Hong Kong[edit]

The Central People's Government (CPG) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) assumed sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1 July 1997 and stationed a garrison of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in Hong Kong to manage its defense affairs. While the garrison has been considered primarily symbolic of Beijing's governance of Hong Kong, it is nevertheless a combat-ready force.[4]

The Basic Law provides that the CPG shall be responsible for the defense of Hong Kong and shall bear the expenditure for the garrison, whereas the colonial Hong Kong Government before 1997 had to pay for the military. The Garrison Law, subsequently enacted by the National People's Congress, contains specific provisions on the duties and rules of discipline of the garrison personnel, jurisdiction and other questions, to facilitate the Hong Kong Garrison in fulfilling its defense functions along legal lines. Military forces stationed in Hong Kong shall not interfere in the local affairs and the Hong Kong government shall be responsible for the maintenance of public order. The Garrison formally stationed in Hong Kong assumed defense responsibility for Hong Kong starting midnight on 1 July 1997.

The Hong Kong Garrison includes elements of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, PLA Navy, and PLA Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission in Beijing and under the administrative control of the adjacent Southern Theater Command.

While performing its defense duties, the Hong Kong Garrison must abide by both national and Hong Kong laws, as well as the current rules and regulations of the PLA. After its entry into Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Garrison abide by the Basic Law and the Garrison Law, actively organizing military training. According to the Garrison Law, the Garrison established working contacts with the Hong Kong Government, and opened the barracks on Stonecutters Island and Stanley to the public to promote Hong Kong people's understanding of and trust in the garrison forces and their personnel. Annual open house events are held to showcase the assets and combat readiness of the garrison personnel.


Personnel in the Hong Kong Garrison wore uniforms different from their mainland counterparts until a new set of uniforms were introduced in 2007. Motor vehicles in the military are right-hand drive, like civilian vehicles in Hong Kong, and carry number plates that start with ZG, standing for zgǎng (驻港/駐港), Mandarin for "[stationed] in Hong Kong."


People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison headquarters

The Hong Kong Garrison reports to both the Southern Theater Command and Central Military Commission in Beijing, and informs Hong Kong Government of any actions within or around Hong Kong.

Garrison Commanders
Political Commissars



Formerly the 1st Red Regiment of 1st Red Division, 1st Red Army. In 1949, the regiment comprised the 424th Regiment, 142nd Division, 48th Army. In 1952, the 142nd Division was assigned to 55th Army and the 424th Regiment renamed the 430th Regiment. In 1970, the 144th Division was renamed as the 163rd Division and 430th Regiment renamed as 487th Regiment.


Bases within Hong Kong are former British facilities namely from the British Army:


Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
Type 92 6 wheeled armored personnel carrier 21 1980s Norinco, China With 12.7mm machine gun
Type 56C 5.8 mm assault rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 88 5.8 mm sniper rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
QBZ-95 5.8 mm automatic assault rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
QBZ-03 5.8 mm automatic assault rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
QCW-05 submachine gun N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 87 grenade launcher grenade launcher N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 95 Squad Machine Gun Light machine gun N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 92 pistol pistol N/A N/A Norinco, China
Jiefang CA-30 utility truck N/A N/A First Automobile Works, Changchun, China
EQ2050A Humvee N/A 2010 Chinese copy of HMMWV
JH600 Duke motorcycle N/A N/A Jialing Copy of BMW F650*
  • Although cosmetically similar to the BMW single cylinder F650 and G650 models, in all important aspects (motor, sub-frame, suspension, controls) the JH600 is a unique design.


The naval presence in Hong Kong is a limited sub-station with a small flotilla of ships rotating from bases in the mainland:




Various ships of the People's Liberation Army Navy visit the base, but only a few ships remain on semi-permanent basis.

Class or name Builder Type Quantity Year Entered Service Details Photos
Type 056 JIangdao class Huangpu Shipyard, Guangzhou, China Corvette 2 2013 596 惠州 / Huizhou

597 钦州 / Qinzhou

  • 1 × AK-176 76 mm. gun
  • 2 × 30 mm. cannon
PLAN Huizhou escorting the Liaoning into Lamma Channel
Type 074-II Yuhai class Wuhu Shipyard of Wuhu, Anhui  People's Republic of China Medium Landing Ship 3 2017-8 3357, 3358, and 3359

Two 25 mm guns

Type 074-II
Type 721 Guangxi Guiyang shipyard. Light transport boat 2 1990s 42 meters long, 8.8 meters wide and 2.14 meters tall. It has a full displacement of 140 tons, a speed of 33 knots and a maximum range of 300 nautical miles. It can carry 70 people and 2 tons of materials.
駐港部隊艦艇大隊 - 南交86軍用交通艇.JPG

Air Force[edit]




PLA Hong Kong Garrison has three airbases, with two of these within Hong Kong:

Aircraft Inventory[edit]

Aircraft Country of Manufacture Type In Service Notes
Harbin Z-9 China utility helicopter 12 – at Sek Kong Airfield upgraded variant of AS 565 Panther and SA 360 Dauphin 2
Changhe Z-8KH China search and rescue helicopter 4 – at Sek Kong Airfield

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Chinese army promotes new political commissar at Hong Kong garrison". South China Morning Post. 16 May 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Information Note: The Hong Kong Garrison of the Chinese People's Liberation Army" (PDF). Legislative Council Secretariat, Hong Kong. Retrieved 21 January 2018. para. 2.6.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Gan, Nectar; Cheung, Tony (17 June 2017). "Hong Kong's PLA garrison no longer just symbolic, top brass say". South China Morning Post.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "驻香港部队幼儿园". Retrieved 14 January 2019.

External links[edit]