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PLZ-89 Self-Propelled Howitzer
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin  People's Republic of China
Weight 20 tons
Length 11 m
Width 3.4 m
Height 2 m
Crew 5

Caliber 122 mm
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 6~8 rounds/min
Maximum firing range 18 km for standard high-explosive, 21 km for ERFB-BB

122 mm howitzer
12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun/ 2 sets of 4-barrel grenade launchers
Engine 12V150L12 liquid-cooled diesel
450 hp
Suspension torsion bar
500 km
Speed 60 km/h

The Type 89/PLZ-89 is a 122 mm self-propelled howitzer used by the People's Liberation Army of China to replace Type 85 and Type 70 122 mm self-propelled howitzer. PLZ-89 was first unveiled to the public during 1999 National Day military parade.

Since the late 1970s a number of 122 mm self-propelled howitzers were developed in China to meet Chinese Army requirements. The PLA required mobile artillery system to provide medium- to long-range indirect fire support for motorized infantry and armored troops and capable of keeping pace with them. However none of them could meet these requirements. The Type 89, also known as the PLZ89, self-propelled howitzer was developed in late 1980s. It was Chinese attempt to develop indigenous SPH with similar capabilities to the Soviet 2S1 Gvosdika. The Type 89 is currently in service with Chinese Army and Marines. Several hundred of these artillery systems were built.

The Type 89 SPH is armed with a 122 mm / L32 howitzer. It is a variant of the towed Type 86 (W-86), which in turn is a copy of the Soviet D-30 towed howitzer. The Type 89 is fitted with a semi-automatic loader. This artillery system is compatible with Chinese and Russian 122 mm ammunition. Maximum range of fire is 18 km using standard HE projectile and 21 km with extended-range projectiles. Vehicle is fitted with a computerized fire control system.

Secondary armament consists of a roof-mounted 12.7-mm machine gun. Armor of the Type 89 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. Vehicle is fitted with an NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. The Type 89 uses a tracked chassis, developed from the Type 77 amphibious armored personnel carrier. Vehicle is powered by the 12V150L12 diesel engine, developing 450 hp. The Type 89 can be fitted with flotation kit for amphibious operation.


Gun for PLZ-89 is mounted on a tracked chassis which developed from Type 77 amphibious armoured personnel carrier and the main armament is derived from the Type 86 (W-86) 122 mm / 32 calibre towed howitzer, which itself is a Chinese copy of the Russian D-30 122 mm howitzer. PLZ-89 carries 40 rounds inside the turret and it can fire all types of Chinese and Russian 122 mm rounds. The gun is equipped with semi-automatic loader with maximum rate of fire of 6~8 rounds/min and fire accuracy is achieved by a digital fire-control system and a roof-mounted electro-optical sighting for day/night operations. The five crew members are protected by collective anti-NBC systems and automatic fire suppression. The howitzer can swim with the assistance of certain floating devices.

See also[edit]