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6.31.0 / 30 January 2021
|Operating system||Windows, Linux, macOS|
|Type||Static program analysis tool|
|License||BSD License, Apache License 2.0, GNU Lesser General Public License|
While PMD does not officially stand for anything, it has several unofficial names, the most appropriate probably being Programming Mistake Detector.
PMD is able to detect flaws or possible flaws in source code, like:
- Possible bugs—Empty try/catch/finally/switch blocks.
- Dead code—Unused local variables, parameters and private methods.
- Empty if/while statements.
- Overcomplicated expressions—Unnecessary if statements, for loops that could be while loops.
- Suboptimal code—Wasteful String/StringBuffer usage.
- Classes with high Cyclomatic Complexity measurements.
- Duplicate code—Copied/pasted code can mean copied/pasted bugs, and decreases maintainability.
Copy/Paste Detector (CPD)
The Copy/Paste Detector (CPD) is an add-on to PMD that uses the Rabin–Karp string search algorithm to find duplicated code. Unlike PMD, CPD works with a broader range of languages including Java, JavaServer Pages (JSP), C, C++, Fortran, PHP, and C# code.
PMD has plugins for JDeveloper, Eclipse, jEdit, JBuilder, Omnicore's CodeGuide, NetBeans/Sun Studio, IntelliJ IDEA, TextPad, Maven, Ant, Gradle, Gel, JCreator, Hudson, Jenkins, SonarQube, Visual Studio Code and Emacs. There is also a CLI version.
- Rutar, Almazan, Foster (2004), "A Comparison of Bug Finding Tools for Java". ISSRE '04 Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering, IEEE, DOI: 10.1109/ISSRE.2004.1