PMD (software)

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Initial release4 November 2002
Stable release
6.55.0[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 25 February 2023
Preview release
7.0.0-rc1[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 25 March 2023
Written inJava
Operating systemWindows, Linux, macOS
TypeStatic program analysis tool
LicenseBSD License, Apache License 2.0, GNU Lesser General Public License[3] Edit this on Wikidata

PMD is an open source static source code analyzer that reports on issues found within application code. PMD includes built-in rule sets and supports the ability to write custom rules. PMD does not report compilation errors, as it only can process well-formed source files. Issues reported by PMD are rather inefficient code, or bad programming habits, which can reduce the performance and maintainability of the program if they accumulate. It can analyze files written in Java, JavaScript, Apex and Visualforce, PLSQL, Apache Velocity, XML, and XSL.

While PMD does not officially stand for anything,[4] several retro acronyms have been suggested, including for instance Programming Mistake Detector and Project Meets Deadline.[5]


PMD is able to detect flaws or possible flaws in source code, like:

  • Bugs—Empty try/catch/finally/switch blocks.
  • Dead code—Unused local variables, parameters and private methods.
  • Empty if/while statements.
  • Overcomplicated expressions—Unnecessary if statements, for loops that could be while loops.
  • Suboptimal code—Wasteful String/StringBuffer usage.
  • Classes with high Cyclomatic Complexity measurements.
  • Duplicate code—Copied/pasted code can mean copied/pasted bugs, and decreases maintainability.


PMD is released under a BSDish license while parts of it are under Apache License 2.0 and the LGPL.[3]

Copy/Paste Detector (CPD)[edit]

The Copy/Paste Detector (CPD) is an add-on to PMD that uses the Rabin–Karp string search algorithm to find duplicated code. Unlike PMD, CPD works with a broader range of languages including Java, JavaServer Pages (JSP), C, C++, Fortran, PHP, and C# code.


PMD has plugins for JDeveloper, Eclipse, jEdit, JBuilder, Omnicore's CodeGuide, NetBeans/Sun Studio, IntelliJ IDEA, TextPad, Maven, Ant, Gradle, Gel, JCreator, Hudson, Jenkins, SonarQube, Visual Studio Code and Emacs.[6] There is also a CLI version.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "PMD 6.55.0 (25-February-2023)". Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  2. ^ "PMD 7.0.0-rc1 (25-March-2023)". Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  3. ^ a b "License". GitHub. 18 January 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  4. ^ "What does 'PMD' mean?". Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  5. ^ "Destroy annoying bugs part 4: the end is near".
  6. ^ "Tools / Integrations". Retrieved 31 March 2023.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]