PM Declaration of Interdependence

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The PM Declaration of interdependence is a set of six management principles initially intended for project managers of Agile Software Development projects. Later on, the name was changed to "The declaration of interdependence for modern management", as it was realized that the principles might be applicable to other management situations.


After the Manifesto for Agile Software Development was written in 2001, David Anderson, Sanjiv Augustine, Christopher Avery, Alistair Cockburn, Mike Cohn, Doug DeCarlo, Donna Fitzgerald, Jim Highsmith, Ole Jepsen, Lowell Lindstrom, Todd Little, Kent McDonald, Pollyanna Pixton, Preston Smith and Robert Wysocki worked to see what management principles might be required in order to achieve an Agile Mindset in product and project management. In 2005, they published the agile project management "Declaration of Interdependence" .[1] The six principles they felt essential to modern project management (and to much of management in general).

The principles[edit]

"We ...

  • increase return on investment by making continuous flow of value our focus.
  • deliver reliable results by engaging customers in frequent interactions and shared ownership.
  • expect uncertainty and manage for it through iterations, anticipation and adaptation.
  • unleash creativity and innovation by recognizing that individuals are the ultimate source of value and creating an environment where they can make a difference.
  • boost performance through group accountability for results and shared responsibility for team effectiveness.
  • improve effectiveness and reliability through situationally specific strategies, processes and practices."[1]

[2]The above Declaration of Interdependence outlines the leadership approaches used to manage the inter dependency of people, processes and value to enhance the performance of work. The six key areas are:

  1. Focus on Value
  2. Engage Customers
  3. Expect Uncertainty
  4. Unleash Creativity
  5. Group Accountability
  6. Improve Effectiveness


The structure of the principles[edit]

Each of the principles defined in the Declaration of Interdependence are structured as a combination of two clauses. The first clause says, " We intend to achieve _____". The second clause says, " By doing ________". If we now re-look at the first principle, it says - We intend to achieve "increased return in investment" by "making continuous flow of value our focus" . The second clause depicts the action that will be taken in order to achieve something.


  1. ^ a b [1] The text on Alistair Cockburn's website.
  2. ^ Whitaker, Ken (May 26, 2009). Principles of Software Development Leadership: Applying Project Management Principles to Agile Software Development (1st ed.). Cengage Learning. ISBN 1584505869. 
  3. ^ "pmdoi Site"

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