PNC Center (Cleveland)
|Former names||National City Center|
|Address||1900 East 9th Street|
|Town or city||Cleveland, Ohio|
|Named for||PNC Financial Services|
|Architectural||410.10 feet (125.00 m)|
|Tip||410.10 feet (125.00 m)|
|Roof||410.10 feet (125.00 m)|
|Floor count||38 (35 above and 3 below)|
|Grounds||492,664 square feet (45,770.0 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP|
|Developer||Oliver Tyrone Corp.|
|Structural engineer||Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP|
|Main contractor||Turner Construction|
|Parking||650-spot underground parking garage|
PNC Center (formerly National City Center) is a skyscraper located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio at the northwest corner of Euclid Avenue and East 9th Street. The building has 35 stories and rises to a height of 410 feet (120 m), and was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. Construction on the building was finished in 1980. It served as the headquarters for the now defunct National City Corporation, and is now the Cleveland-area offices for PNC Financial Services.
In 1975, National City Bank had many of its office functions scattered in Downtown Cleveland. National City almost had moved from Downtown Cleveland to a suburban location but opted to remain in Downtown Cleveland.
In 1977, National City announced plans for a new corporate headquarters in Downtown Cleveland. The cost was set at $50,000,000. Tax abatement, then a new form of financing, was used in its construction. Tax Abatement started in New York City under then Mayor Abraham Beame to spur growth in New York City after its default in 1975. Tax Abatement is used to cut property taxes to develop a property. In 1976, then Cleveland Mayor Ralph Perk brought NYC's idea to Cleveland. In 1977, National City Bank became the first Cleveland company and project to use tax abatement.
The site of National City was a complex one. The site had the old Bond Clothing Store complex (1947–49) and before that was the Hickox Building (1874–1947). There was an adult movie house that showed X-rated movies named the Roxy. These buildings were demolished in 1978 and construction began for the tower.
The National City Bank Tower rises from a seven-foot pad of concrete. The tower itself was not built with steel, instead it became Cleveland's tallest reinforced concrete structure. A floor was poured and jacked up 1 floor a week. The skin of the National City Bank Tower is a White Travertine Marble. During the day, National City Bank is whitish in color. At night, National City is bathed in light. During October, it is bathed in pink light for National Breast Cancer month which National City Bank sponsors research in.
- Toman, James. Cleveland's Changing Skyline, Cleveland Landmark Press, 1984, Cleveland ISBN 0-936760-03-6
- "The Bond Store". Cool History of Cleveland. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Roxy Theater". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. 27 March 1998. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Triple-L Excentric Gyratory Gyratory III, Plaza of National City Center". Digital Imaging Project. Mary Ann Sullivan. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Kroll, Kathryn (16 April 2009). "PNC to replace signs on National City headquarters by July". cleveland.com. Plain Dealer Publishing Co. Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved 3 July 2015.