PNR Hyundai Rotem DMU

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PNR Hyundai Rotem Diesel Multiple Unit
PNR Hyundai Rotem DMU 2019 livery.jpg
DMU-05 with its new livery in January 2020.
In service2009–present
ManufacturerHyundai Rotem
Built atChangwon, South Korea
ReplacedJNR 12 series coaches
CMC class DMU (decommissioned 2004)
Entered serviceJuly 14, 2009; 12 years ago (July 14, 2009)[1]
Number built18 vehicles (6 sets)
Number in service6 vehicles (2 sets)
Formation3 cars per trainset
Fleet numbersDMR-01 to DMR-12
ITR-01 to ITR-06
Capacity502 passengers
Operator(s)Philippine National Railways
Depot(s)Tutuban Depot
Line(s) servedPNR Metro Commuter Line
Car body constructionStainless steel
Train length64,100 mm (210 ft 4 in)
Car length20,800 mm (68 ft 3 in)
21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in) with couplers
Width2,850 mm (9 ft 4 in)
Height4,060 mm (13 ft 4 in)
Floor height1,200 mm (3 ft 11 in)
Doors2 double-leaf doors per side
Wheel diameterNew: 860 mm (2 ft 10 in)
Worn: 780 mm (2 ft 7 in)
Maximum speed110 km/h (70 mph)
WeightApprox. 100 t (220,460 lb) (3-car trainset)
Axle load15 metric tons (17 short tons)
Prime mover(s)Cummins N14-R
Cylinder count6
Power output295–525 hp (220–391 kW)
TransmissionVoith Turbo-Transmissions T 211 r.3
Power supply380V AC with additional 220V AC
HVACRoof-mounted air conditioning units (1 unit per car; 3 units per train)[a]
BogiesBolsterless type
Braking system(s)Quick release, Electro-pneumatic control
Coupling systemJanney coupler
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
SeatingLongitudinal seating
Key features are noted from these references.[2][3][4][5]

The PNR Hyundai Rotem DMU is a class of diesel multiple units (DMUs) operated by the Philippine National Railways since 2009.


The Philippine National Railways ordered 6 sets (18 vehicles) of diesel multiple units from Hyundai Rotem in 2003[3] as part of the rehabilitation of the Philippine National Railways under the administration of then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.[6]


Car body[edit]

The train was introduced as the first lightweight, stainless steel made trainsets of the PNR in 2009.[3] The trains have 2 double-leaf, electro-pneumatically operated sliding doors per side.[2]

When the trains first entered service, there were two livery variants. There were DMUs that sported a silver-colored body and orange lining with white-colored front cabs and the old PNR logo used in the 1960s. Another was a variant with the same silver-colored body and orange lining but with the cabs sporting colors of white and blue, and stylized PNR FilTrack logos on the side windows of the front cabs and in the middle of the ITR car.

By 2015, all remaining active DMU units sported a navy blue livery, while still maintaining the orange lining in its sides.

The current livery used since 2019 has orange at the front and the body is mostly covered white with blue stripes at the side. The PNR logo is placed at the front of the Rotem DMUs.


The seats of the trains are longitudinal-type and are made up of fibre-reinforced plastic.[4]

Bogies and electrical components[edit]

The front and rear bogies of the DMR cars are engine-propelled driven, while the bogies under the ITR cars are trailer bogies. Each diesel multiple unit has two sets of auxiliary power supply units under the ITR cars which generates three-phase 380V AC and additional 220V AC.[2]


  3-car trainset
Car No. 1 2 3
Designation DMR ITR DMR
Numbering DMR-xx ITR-xx DMR-xx


The PNR Hyundai Rotem DMU fleet was first unveiled on June 15, 2009, and was labeled "PNR FilTrack." It entered service on July 14, 2009, coinciding with the launch of the new Philippine National Railways system and logo.[1] It was used for Commuter Express services running from Tutuban to Bicutan. The line eventually was extended to Sucat and up until Alabang on April 19, 2010. Plans were made for the possible upgrade of the trains in 2011, however, due to the procurement of the 203 series as the new main vehicles, the plan was scrapped.[4]

The trains are currently being used in Metro North Commuter services running from Governor Pascual station to Bicutan.

As of December 2021, two sets are currently active and are serving the Metro North Commuter (Gov. Pascual-Bicutan) Line.


In July 2015, the then-Department of Transportation and Communications (later the Department of Transportation) conducted a bidding for the refurbishment of nine vehicles, equivalent to three sets.[2][7] However, after the bidding period ended in September 2015, no new reports have surfaced in this refurbishment.

In line with the delivery of the new trainsets from PT INKA, in November 2019, Rotem DMU Set 06 and Set 05 received their new livery. The mesh wires (window grills) were removed after the replacement of the windows from glass to polycarbonate sheets.[8][9]


Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On April 29, 2011, DMR-11 of the original DMU Set 06 collided with a Coca-Cola truck at Manalac Crossing located in Tanyag, Taguig.[10]
  • On May 19, 2014, a DMU train collided with a jeepney in the Balic-Balic railroad crossing while operating a southbound train. A person was dead and more than 6 are injured. The accident caused delays in the train operations.[11]
  • On April 29, 2015, DMU Set 03 derailed between EDSA railway station and Nichols railway station. There were 50 reported injuries, mostly minor cases.[12] The incident was caused by missing parts of the railtracks that were stolen.[13] This however, prompted PNR operations to be suspended on May 5, 2015, to conduct safety tests by PNR and TÜV Rheinland.[14] The operations of the PNR resumed on July 23, 2015.[15]
  • On January 1, 2020, DMU Set 05's windshield was shattered due to a stoning incident while performing an MNC Trip at Caloocan.[16] The glass window was replaced with polycarbonate the day after the incident. It was also found that a group of minors were the ones who did the crime.[17]
  • On June 3, 2020, DMU Set 06 rammed a car at Abad Santos Railroad Crossing in Tondo, Manila. The crossing barrier was not down when the accident happened. The train dragged the car for about 10 meters.[18]
  • On September 2, 2021, a DMU train rammed a blue car at the Piy Margal Railroad Crossing in Manila despite early warning by the crossing keepers. No injuries were reported. The PNR management is yet to release a statement about the absence of barriers at the railroad crossing,[19] particularly at the southbound lane.

See also[edit]

PNR rolling stock[edit]

Philippine rolling stock manufactured by Hyundai Rotem[edit]


  1. ^ Some air-conditioning units of the Hyundai Rotem DMUs however have bogged down.


  1. ^ a b Romero, Paolo (July 15, 2009). "GMA unveils new PNR trains". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d Department of Transportation and Communications (July 30, 2015). REFURBISHMENT OF DIESEL MULTIPLE UNITS OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RAILWAYS (Restoration and Repair of Nine (9) DMUs) (PDF) (Report). pp. 64–65. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 17, 2021. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Philippines PNR DMU". Hyundai Rotem. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "フィリピン国鉄(PNR)DMR1" (in Japanese). Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  5. ^ "N14". Cummins. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  6. ^ Maragay, Fel V. (December 15, 2005). "Rehab of busy railway". Manila Standard Today. Archived from the original on July 21, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  7. ^ Camus, Miguel R. (July 31, 2015). "Bids sought to supply spare parts, refurbish PNR". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  8. ^ PNR DMU 06 in new livery leaving Sta. Mesa Station. YouTube. November 10, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  9. ^ PNR DMU 05 in new livery arriving Pandacan Station. YouTube. November 27, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  10. ^ Railways, Philippine (April 30, 2011). "Aksidente na ginawa ng Coca-Cola sa PNR". Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  11. ^ "1 patay, 6 sugatan nang sumalpok ang tren ng PNR sa isang jeep". GMA News Online. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  12. ^ Batallones, Jeck (April 29, 2015). "PNR train derailed; 50 hurt". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  13. ^ EXCL: Pagnanakaw ng riles, sinisi sa pagkadiskaril ng PNR. YouTube. ABS-CBN News. May 24, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  14. ^ "Operations of Philippine National Railways (PNR) will not Continue Effective on May 5, 2015". May 6, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  15. ^ "PNR TO RESUME TRIPS JULY 23, 2015". Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  16. ^ "Another PNR train damaged in New Year's Day stone-throwing incident". Coconuts Manila. January 2, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  17. ^ Marquez, Consuelo (January 4, 2020). "PNR tags minor as person of interest in stoning of trains". Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  18. ^ 24 Oras: Kotse, nasalpok at nakaladkad nang halos 10 metro ng PNR train. YouTube. June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  19. ^ Santos, Jamil (September 3, 2021). "Doctor survives after train hits, drags her SUV in Manila". GMA News. Retrieved September 4, 2021.