|Founded||1 January 1877 |
Singapore, Straits Settlement
|Peter Seah Lim Huat, Chairman |
Piyush Gupta, CEO
POSB Bank, or simply known as POSB, is a Singaporean bank offering consumer banking services and is the oldest local bank in continuous operation in Singapore. Established on 1 January 1877 as the Post Office Savings Bank, the bank now operates as part of DBS Bank, which acquired the institution and its subsidiaries on 16 November 1998.
Prior to its acquisition, the bank was a major public bank offering low-cost banking services to Singaporeans. DBS Bank attempts to continue this tradition by promising to keep costs low for basic savings accounts, and to exempt children, full-time students below the age of 21 years and full-time National Servicemen from bank charges.
Founded on 1 January 1877 as the Post Office Savings Bank (POSB), the bank was part of the Postal Services Department in the Straits Settlements and was set up by the colonial government to provide banking services for lower-income citizens. Headquartered in the General Post Office Building, in Raffles Place, the bank was under the jurisdiction of the Postmaster-General, with bank policies overseen by a group of trustees appointed by the Governor of the Straits Settlements. From 1877 to 1940, the bank had a steady growth of accounts opened increasing from 211 to 57,000 while total deposits increased from 19,862 to 14.3 million Straits dollars during the same period.
Following the end of World War II and the dissolution of the Straits Settlements, the 1948 Savings Bank Ordinance came into effect and in 1949, POSB was separated from the other post office savings banks in Malaya, with the bank's assets and liabilities split between Singapore and the Federation of Malaya. The Malayan branch eventually became Bank Simpanan Nasional in 1974. After the separation from 1949 to 1955, total deposits of the bank increased from M$27.4 million to M$57.6 million and in 1951, the bank had its 100,000th depositor.
Decline and revival
Reaching its peak in 1955, the bank had a slow decline from 1957 to 1966, with total deposits falling below the M$50 million mark to M$37.4 million. After Singapore's independence in 1965, the country went through a rapid industrialisation programme. To develop the infrastructure of the infant city-state, then Minister for Finance, Goh Keng Swee, set up a savings bank committee (was later reconstituted into a permanent advisory committee within the bank) to promote domestic savings through POSB to provide the government with a non-inflationary source of funds for national development. Following the recommendations of the savings bank committee, withdrawal limits of accounts were raised from S$200 once every seven days to S$500 once every three days, longer banking hours, exempting interest earned on POSB savings accounts from income tax, and accepting non-Romanised signatures for operating accounts. Savings competitions were also organised among all government and government-aided schools with the incentive of a POSB lucky draw to encourage students to open an account with the bank. From 1966 to 1969, the number of new accounts opened increased from 10,596 to 174,506 with deposits totalling S$57.7 million in 1969.
Statutory board, new services and facilities
In 1971, it was announced that the bank would become a statutory board under the Ministry of Communications. The Post Office Savings Bank Bill was passed in Parliament on 30 July 1971 and the bank ceased to be a branch of the Postal Services Department on 1 January 1972 after the 1971 Post Office Savings Bank of Singapore Act came into effect in that year. In 1974, the bank was transferred to become part of the Ministry of Finance; Credit POSB Pte Ltd was established in the same year to provide custom-tailored loans relating to HDB housing ownership.
By 1976, POSB had one million depositors, while deposits crossed the S$1 billion mark. In 1980, it introduced the Passcard, and set-up the Principal Branch. In 1981, its first Cash-On-Line ATM opened at the Newton Branch. In 1983, its headquarters were shifted to the new 8-storey complex, the POSBank Centre at Bras Basah Road. In 1984, the current account facility was introduced, and by 1986, deposits crossed the S$10 billion mark.
Acquisition by DBS Bank
The Post Office Savings Bank was renamed as POSBank in March 1990. On 24 July 1998, the Ministry of Finance announced the acquisition of POSBank by DBS Bank, which was fully acquired on 16 November 1998 for S$1.6 billion; at the same time, ceased to exist as a statutory board under the Ministry of Finance. POSBank still operates one of the highest number of bank branches in Singapore, especially in the suburban neighbourhoods, and operates the highest number of ATM outlets throughout Singapore. The integration of both banks allowed customers of either bank to share the facilities; DBS Bank depositors may use the Cash Deposit Machine installed island-wide in POSBank branches and vice versa.
- National Heritage Board (Singapore) (2006). "POSBank". In Tommy T.B. Koh et ali. (ed.). Singapore: The Encyclopedia. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. p. 419. ISBN 981-4155-63-2.
- Consulton Research Bureau. (1977). The first hundred years of the Post Office Savings Bank of Singapore. Singapore: The Post Office Savings Bank, pp. 10–11. (Call No.: RSING 332.22095957 CON). Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "Singapore Statutes Online - 237 - Post Office Savings Bank of Singapore (Transfer of Undertakings and Dissolution) Act". Singapore Statutes (Government of Singapore). Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "DBS Bank completes POSBank and credit POSB acquisition". DBS Bank. 16 November 1998. Archived from the original on 18 October 2006. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- The postmaster-general’s report for 1877. (1878, June 8). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "Act 146 BANK SIMPANAN NASIONAL ACT 1974" (PDF). Retrieved 20 April 2021.
- Singapore. Supplement to the Laws of the Colony of Singapore. (1949). Post Office Savings Bank Ordinance, 1948 (Ord. 38 of 1948). Singapore: [s.n.], pp. 258–266. (Call No.: RCLOS 348.5957 SSLCS – [HWE]). Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- Goh, K. S. (1977). The practice of economic growth. Singapore: Federal Publications, pp. 8–11. (Call No.: RSING 330.95957 GOH). Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- Annual report of the Singapore Post Office Savings Bank, 1966. (1968). Singapore: Govt. Printer (Call No.: RCLOS 332.22 SIN). Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "Post Office Savings Bank becomes a statutory board". NLB. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- Republic of Singapore. Government Gazette. Subsidiary Legislation Supplement. (1971, December 10). The Post Office Savings Bank of Singapore Act, 1971 (S 311/1971). Singapore: [s.n.], pp. 1054–1055. (Call No.: RSING 348.5957 SGGSLS). Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "Ministry of Finance Press Statement: Privatisation of POSBank". NAS. 24 July 1998. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- "The Development Bank of Singapore Ltd to acquire the business undertaking of the Post Office Savings Bank of Singapore strengthening its position as the largest Southeast Asian bank with total assets of approximately $93 billion". DBS Bank. 24 July 1998. Archived from the original on 19 October 2006. Retrieved 29 September 2019.