PRKAG1

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PRKAG1
Protein PRKAG1 PDB 2uv4.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases PRKAG1, AMPKG, protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit gamma 1
External IDs MGI: 108411 HomoloGene: 99712 GeneCards: PRKAG1
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE PRKAG1 201805 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_001206709
NM_001206710
NM_002733
NM_212461

NM_016781

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001193638
NP_001193639
NP_002724

NP_058061

Location (UCSC) Chr 12: 49 – 49.02 Mb Chr 15: 98.81 – 98.83 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

5'-AMP-activated protein kinase subunit gamma-1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PRKAG1 gene.[3][4][5]

The protein encoded by this gene is a regulatory subunit of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a heterotrimer consisting of an alpha catalytic subunit, and non-catalytic beta and gamma subunits. AMPK is an important energy-sensing enzyme that monitors cellular energy status. In response to cellular metabolic stresses, AMPK is activated, and thus phosphorylates and inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and beta-hydroxy beta-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), key enzymes involved in regulating de novo biosynthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. This subunit is one of the gamma regulatory subunits of AMPK. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed.[5]

Interactions[edit]

PRKAG1 has been shown to interact with PRKAB2[6] and PRKAB1.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Stapleton D, Mitchelhill KI, Gao G, Widmer J, Michell BJ, Teh T, House CM, Fernandez CS, Cox T, Witters LA, Kemp BE (February 1996). "Mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase subfamily". J Biol Chem. 271 (2): 611–4. PMID 8557660. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.2.611. 
  4. ^ Gao G, Fernandez CS, Stapleton D, Auster AS, Widmer J, Dyck JR, Kemp BE, Witters LA (June 1996). "Non-catalytic beta- and gamma-subunit isoforms of the 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase". J Biol Chem. 271 (15): 8675–81. PMID 8621499. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.15.8675. 
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: PRKAG1 protein kinase, AMP-activated, gamma 1 non-catalytic subunit". 
  6. ^ a b Cheung, P C; Salt I P; Davies S P; Hardie D G; Carling D (March 2000). "Characterization of AMP-activated protein kinase gamma-subunit isoforms and their role in AMP binding". Biochem. J. ENGLAND. 346 Pt 3 (3): 659–69. ISSN 0264-6021. PMC 1220898Freely accessible. PMID 10698692. doi:10.1042/0264-6021:3460659. 

Further reading[edit]