The DNA-associated protein encoded by this gene is a member of the paired family of homeobox proteins localized to the nucleus. The protein functions as a transcription coactivator, enhancing the DNA-binding activity of serum response factor, a protein required for the induction of genes by growth and differentiation factors. The protein regulates muscle creatine kinase, indicating a role in the establishment of diverse mesodermal muscle types. Alternative splicing yields two isoforms that differ in abundance and expression patterns.
Role in mesenchymal stem cell differentiation
^Nohno T, Koyama E, Myokai F, Taniguchi S, Ohuchi H, Saito T, Noji S (July 1993). "A chicken homeobox gene related to Drosophila paired is predominantly expressed in the developing limb". Dev. Biol. 158 (1): 254–64. PMID8101172. doi:10.1006/dbio.1993.1184.
^Hu YS, Zhou H, Kartsogiannis V, Eisman JA, Martin TJ, Ng KW (November 1998). "Expression of rat homeobox gene, rHOX, in developing and adult tissues in mice and regulation of its mRNA expression in osteoblasts by bone morphogenetic protein 2 and parathyroid hormone-related protein". Mol. Endocrinol. 12 (11): 1721–32. PMID9817598. doi:10.1210/me.12.11.1721.
^Cserjesi P, Lilly B, Bryson L, Wang Y, Sassoon DA, Olson EN (August 1992). "MHox: a mesodermally restricted homeodomain protein that binds an essential site in the muscle creatine kinase enhancer". Development. 115 (4): 1087–101. PMID1360403.
^ten Berge D, Brouwer A, Korving J, Martin JF, Meijlink F (October 1998). "Prx1 and Prx2 in skeletogenesis: roles in the craniofacial region, inner ear and limbs". Development. 125 (19): 3831–42. PMID9729491.
Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, Suyama A, Sugano S (October 1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene. 200 (1-2): 149–56. PMID9373149. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3.
Nakamura T, Yamazaki Y, Hatano Y, Miura I (1999). "NUP98 is fused to PMX1 homeobox gene in human acute myelogenous leukemia with chromosome translocation t(1;11)(q23;p15)". Blood. 94 (2): 741–7. PMID10397741.
Kataoka K, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Shioda S, Nishizawa M (2001). "A set of Hox proteins interact with the Maf oncoprotein to inhibit its DNA binding, transactivation, and transforming activities". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (1): 819–26. PMID11036080. doi:10.1074/jbc.M007643200.
Norris RA, Scott KK, Moore CS, Stetten G, Brown CR, Jabs EW, Wulfsberg EA, Yu J, Kern MJ (November 2000). "Human PRRX1 and PRRX2 genes: cloning, expression, genomic localization, and exclusion as disease genes for Nager syndrome". Mamm. Genome. 11 (11): 1000–5. PMID11063257. doi:10.1007/s003350010193.
Jones FS, Meech R, Edelman DB, Oakey RJ, Jones PL (July 2001). "Prx1 controls vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and tenascin-C expression and is upregulated with Prx2 in pulmonary vascular disease". Circ. Res. 89 (2): 131–8. PMID11463719. doi:10.1161/hh1401.093582.
Izmailova E, Bertley FM, Huang Q, Makori N, Miller CJ, Young RA, Aldovini A (February 2003). "HIV-1 Tat reprograms immature dendritic cells to express chemoattractants for activated T cells and macrophages". Nat. Med. 9 (2): 191–7. PMID12539042. doi:10.1038/nm822.
Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, et al. (May 2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature. 441 (7091): 315–21. PMID16710414. doi:10.1038/nature04727.
Kim YJ, Ahn JY, Liang P, Ip C, Zhang Y, Park YM (January 2007). "Human prx1 gene is a target of Nrf2 and is up-regulated by hypoxia/reoxygenation: implication to tumor biology". Cancer Res. 67 (2): 546–54. PMID17234762. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-2401.