Pennsylvania Railroad class D3

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PRR D3 274.jpg
PRR D3 #274 in its builders' portrait.
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder PRR Altoona Works
Build date 1869–1881
Total produced 67
 • Whyte 4-4-0
 • UIC 2′B
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia. 28 in (711 mm) (D2a)[1]
Driver dia. 62 in (1,575 mm)[1]
Wheelbase 22 ft 5 58 in (6.85 m)[1]
Length 54 ft 5.44 in (16.60 m)[1]
Width 9 ft 0.94 in (2.77 m)[1]
Height 14 ft 8 in (4.47 m)[1]
Adhesive weight 50,950 lb (23.1 tonnes)[1]
Loco weight 79,100 lb (35.9 tonnes)[1]
Tender weight 51,400 lb (23.3 tonnes)[1]
Total weight 130,500 lb (59.2 tonnes)[1]
Tender type Eight-wheel with water scoop
Fuel type Soft coal
Fuel capacity 8,000 lb (3.6 tonnes)[1]
Water cap 2,400 US gal (9,100 l; 2,000 imp gal)[1]

The Pennsylvania Railroad's steam locomotive class D3 (formerly Class C, pre-1895) comprised sixty-seven 4-4-0 locomotives intended for general passenger and freight service, constructed at the railroad's own Altoona Works during 1869–1881.[2] They were the third standardized class of locomotives on the railroad and the most numerous of the early standard types; they shared many parts with other standard classes.[3]

This design differed from the Class A (later D1) mainly in its smaller drivers for greater tractive effort for freight haulage. Like all the early standardized 4-4-0s on the PRR, the Class C had a wagon-top boiler with steam dome and a firebox between the two driving axles.[2][4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Pennsylvania Railroad. "Class D3 diagram". Retrieved 2014-01-08. 
  2. ^ a b "PRR Steam Roster". Northeast Rails. Retrieved 2014-01-08. 
  3. ^ Dredge, James (1879). The Pennsylvania Railroad. London: Engineering magazine. 
  4. ^ Warner, Paul T. (1924). Motive Power Development on the Pennsylvania Railroad System. Philadelphia: Baldwin Locomotive Works.