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|Type||Paper-based standardized test|
|Developer / administrator||College Board, NMSC|
|Knowledge / skills tested||Reading, mathematics|
|Duration||2 hours 45 minutes|
|Score / grade range||160–760 for two sections, adding up to a maximum score of 1520|
|Offered||High school juniors, sophomores, and freshmen (only in some schools)|
The Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) is a standardized test administered by the College Board and cosponsored by the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) in the United States. In the 2018-2019 school year, 2.27 million high school sophomores and 1.74 million high school juniors took the PSAT. Scores from the PSAT/NMSQT are used to determine eligibility and qualification for the National Merit Scholarship Program.
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The PSAT has been administered every fall since 1971. Some PSAT scores obtained before June 1993 are accepted as qualifying evidence for admission to intellectual clubs such as Intertel and American Mensa.
Prior to 1997, the PSAT was composed of only Math and Verbal sections. The Verbal section received a double weighting to allow a full composite score of 240 points. The Writing Skills section, introduced in 1997, was partially derived from the discontinued Test of Standard Written English (TSWE).
The PSAT changed its format and content in Fall 2015. Originally, each of the three sections was scored on a scale of 20 to 80 points, adding up to a maximum composite score of 240 points. This paralleled the SAT, which is graded on a scale of 200 to 800 for each section (the narrower range is to distinguish from which test a score comes and to denote less accuracy). However, unlike the old (2005) SAT, the old PSAT did not include higher-level mathematics (e.g. concepts from Algebra II) or an essay in its writing section (which was added to the SAT in 2005). The number of multiple-choice answers was reduced from five to four, improving the likelihood of making a successful guess, and the quarter-point penalty for wrong answers was eliminated.
Format and scoring
Students register for the exam through high schools which are members of the College Board. The test is composed of four sections: two Math Sections, Critical Reading, and Writing Skills; and takes two hours and forty five minutes to complete.
The PSAT changed its format and content in Fall 2015, to reflect the new SAT. The Reading and Writing Sections are combined into one section score, and the Math section now includes a portion in which usage of calculators is prohibited. The scores for each section range from 120 to 760, adding up to a maximum score of 1520. Yet the National Merit Scholarship Corporation takes each section score, scored on a scale of 6 to 38, sums it and then doubles that sum to devise the Selection Index, ranging from 36 to 228.
The test is mostly multiple-choice, but there are four grid-in math questions at the end of each math section that require takers to enter their responses on a grid.
Levels of recognition
There are three levels of recognition: "Commended", Semi-Finalists, and Finalists. About 34,000 students, which is 3-4% of all PSAT takers, are "commended" and receive Letters of Commendation.
The "commended" cut-off is determined at whichever score yields the 96th percentile nationally. It rose from 202 for the 2006 Program (2004 PSAT) to 203 for the 2007 Program (2005 PSAT). It was 205 for the 2008 Program (2006 PSAT) and 209 for the 2009 Program (2007 PSAT).
Students are confirmed as semifinalists as seniors, one year after taking the PSAT. Afterwards students must complete an application to become a Finalist. Other factors besides the PSAT Selection Index score are taken into account, such as the student's Grade Point Average (GPA) and a confirming SAT score.
In recent years, it has become a popular subject of discourse among test-takers on various social media networks. Many of them poke fun at passages or questions in the PSAT that they find strange or amusing. The level of discussion is so significant that in 2013, the hashtag #PSAT reached trending status on Twitter near its administration date. This is despite the fact that since 2012, test participants have been required to copy and sign a statement agreeing to the test regulations, which include not discussing the test. Previously, that statement had to be written in cursive, a requirement that had drawn ire from both students and teachers, as many students found writing the statement in cursive to be difficult. However, in 2015, the requirement to write the statement in cursive was removed.
- "2019 SAT Suite of Assessments Annual Report Total Group" (PDF). College Board. 2019. p. 7. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
- "2014 PSAT/NMSQT® Quick Reference" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-03-16.
- "Intertel - Join us". www.intertel-iq.org. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
- "Qualifying test scores". American Mensa. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
- "Conversion norms for general population on supervised tests". Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "Revised PSAT Debuts in October". Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "Compare PSAT/NMSQT Specifications". SAT Suite of Assessments. 2015-02-03. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
- "Understanding the National Merit Scholarship Program". Spark Admissions. 2017-01-27. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
- Strauss, Valerie (2013-10-16). "#PSAT — Students tweet amusing reactions to standardized test". The Washington Post.
- "Teacher fights cursive requirement on PSAT". Douglas County, GA. 2014-10-22. Retrieved 16 March 2015.