PSA XU engine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Groupe PSA logo.svg XU engine
Moteur XU10J4R 406 coupé.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerPSA
Production1982–2001
Layout
ConfigurationInline-4
Displacement1.6 L (1,580 cc)
1.8 L (1,761 cc)
1.8 L (1,775 cc)
1.9 L (1,905 cc)
2.0 L (1,995 cc)
2.0 L (1,997 cc)
2.0 L (1,998 cc)
Cylinder bore83 mm (3.27 in)
84 mm (3.31 in)
85 mm (3.35 in)
86 mm (3.39 in)
Piston stroke73 mm (2.87 in)
81.4 mm (3.20 in)
82 mm (3.23 in)
86 mm (3.39 in)
88 mm (3.46 in)
90 mm (3.54 in)
Block materialCast iron, Cast aluminium alloy
Head materialAluminium
ValvetrainSOHC 2 valves x cyl.
DOHC 4 valves x cyl.
Combustion
TurbochargerTR30R (on some versions)
Fuel systemSingle or double-barrel carburetor
Fuel injection
Fuel typePetrol
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output80–600 PS (59–441 kW; 79–592 hp)
Torque output255–635 N⋅m (188–468 lb⋅ft)
Emissions
Emissions control technologyCatalytic converter
Chronology
SuccessorPSA EW/DW engine

The PSA XU is a family of internal combustion engines used in Citroën and Peugeot automobiles. It became the dominant mid-size engine in Peugeot and Citroën products through the 1980s and 1990s.

The XU design was introduced in 1981 with the Peugeot 305. It was a SOHC or DOHC straight-4 design with two or four valves per cylinder, using petrol as fuel. It was applied transversely in front wheel drive vehicles only, tilted by 30°. Displacement ranged between 1.6 and 2.0 L (1,580 and 1,998 cc), and all production XU gasoline engines had a bore of 83 or 86 mm (3.27 or 3.39 in). The engine uses in all models aluminium cylinder head. All models blocks are made, except XU10, in cast aluminium alloy with removable cast iron wet cylinder liners. XU10 blocks are made in cast iron, with bores machined directly in the block, without removable cylinder liners. Its first Citroën application was on the Citroën BX in 1983, where it appeared in 1.6 L (1,580 cc) format.

The XU was replaced by the more modern EW/DW family.

XU5[edit]

The XU5 had a displacement of 1.6 L (1,580 cc), with a bore and a stroke of 83 mm × 73 mm (3.27 in × 2.87 in). All XU5 engines were SOHC 2-valve per cylinder designs. It used either a single or double-barrel carburetor or fuel injection, depending on model. Output ranged from 80–115 PS (59–85 kW; 79–113 hp).

Model Output Notes Model of car
XU5 J 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) Fuel injection Peugeot 205 GTi 1.6, CTi 1.6
XU5 1C 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 1-bbl carburettor Peugeot 205
Peugeot 309 GR, XR, SR and SX (-->88)
Citroën BX 15 RE/TGE
XU5 2C 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) 2-bbl carburettor Peugeot 309 GR, XR, SR SX and XS 1.6 (89-->)
Citroën BX 16 TRS
Peugeot 405 SR, GR, GRX and GL
XU5 M3/Z 89 PS (65 kW; 88 hp) Fuel injection catalyst Peugeot 405 GRi
Peugeot 205 XS, GT, Roland Garros (1993)
Citroën ZX
XU5 S 94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) 2-bbl carburettor Peugeot 305 GT (-->85)
XU5 JA 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) Fuel injection Peugeot 205 GTi 1.6 (86-->), CTi 1.6 (-->92)
Peugeot 309 1.6 SRi

XU7[edit]

The XU7 had a displacement of 1.8 L (1,761 cc), with a bore and a stroke of 83 mm × 81.4 mm (3.27 in × 3.20 in). All XU7 engines used fuel injection, with a 16-valve DOHC version, the XU7 JP4, also produced. Output ranged from 90–112 PS (66–82 kW; 89–110 hp).

Model Output Notes Model of Car
XU7 JB / LFX 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) Fuel injection catalyst Citroën Berlingo, Citroën Xsara, Citroën Xantia from 1998
Peugeot 406 SR, Peugeot Partner
LFW 99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp) Eurovans
XU7 JP / LFZ 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) Citroën Xantia up to 1998, Citroën Xsara, Citroën ZX
Peugeot 306, Peugeot 405, Peugeot Pars, IKCO Samand
XU7 JP4 / LFY 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) 16-valve DOHC catalyst Citroën Xantia, Citroën Xsara, Citroën ZX 1,8 16V
Peugeot 306, Peugeot 406, Peugeot Pars ELX, IKCO Samand

XU8[edit]

[1] The XU8 had a displacement of 1.8 L (1,775 cc), with a bore and a stroke of 83 mm × 82 mm (3.27 in × 3.23 in). The 16-valve DOHC turbocharged XU8 T which was fitted to the 205 Turbo 16.

Model Output Notes Model of Car
XU8 T 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) 16-valve DOHC turbo Peugeot 205 T16

XU9[edit]

The XU9 was the predecessor to the XU10 and had an aluminum block with wet iron liners. It had a displacement of 1.9 L (1,905 cc), with a bore and a stroke of 83 mm × 88 mm (3.27 in × 3.46 in). Many versions were produced, from a double-barrel carburetted 8-valve to a 16-valve DOHC fuel injected model. Output ranged from 105–160 PS (77–118 kW; 104–158 hp).

Model Output Notes Model of Car
XU9 2C 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) 2-bbl carburettor Peugeot 305 GT
Peugeot 309 1.9 GT
XU9 2C 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) Peugeot 405 GR/SR
XU9 4 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) Twin 2-bbl carburettor Citroën BX Sport
XU9 J1 98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) Fuel injection catalyst Peugeot 305 GTX
XU9 J1/Z 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) Peugeot 205 Gentry
XU9 J2 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) Fuel injection Peugeot 405 SRi
Citroën BX 19 GTi 8V
XU9 JA/K 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) Citroën ZX Volcane
Peugeot 205 1.9 GTi
Peugeot 309 1.9 GTi
XU9 JA/Z 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) Fuel injection catalyst Peugeot 205 1.9 GTi with Cat
Peugeot 309 1.9 GTi with Cat
XU9 J4 / D6C/L 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) Fuel injection 16-valve DOHC Citroën BX 19 GTi 16V
Peugeot 405 Mi16
Peugeot 309 GTI-16
XU9 J4/Z / DFW 148 PS (109 kW; 146 hp) Fuel injection 16-valve DOHC catalyst Citroën BX 19 16V with Cat
Peugeot 405 Mi16 with Cat
Peugeot 309 GTI-16 with Cat

XU10[edit]

The XU10 had a cast iron block with a displacement of 2.0 L (1,998 cc), with a bore and stroke of 86 mm (3.39 in), meaning it was a square engine. Many versions were produced, from a double-barrel carburetted 8-valve to a 16-valve DOHC fuel injected turbocharged model. Output ranged from 115–200 PS (85–147 kW; 113–197 hp).

Model Output (DIN) Notes Model of Car
XU10 2C 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp) 8v - 2-bbl carburettor Citroën XM 2.0
Peugeot 605 2.0
XU10 J2C/L / RFX 121 PS (89 kW; 119 hp) 8v - Fuel injection catalyst Citroën Xantia I 2.0i
Citroën ZX Volcane 2.0
Peugeot 306 XSi (-->97)
Peugeot 405 SRi 2.0
Peugeot 605 (93-->)[2]
XU10 J2 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) 8v - Fuel injection Citroën Xantia I 2.0i
Peugeot 605 SRi (select markets)[3]
XU10 J2U / RFW 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) 8v - Fuel injection catalyst Citroën Jumper 2.0i (-->2002)
Peugeot Boxer 2.0i (-->2002)
Fiat Ducato 2.0 i.e. (-->2002)
XU10 J2U / RFL 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) Citroën Jumper 2.0i (2002-->)
Peugeot Boxer 2.0i (2002-->)
Fiat Ducato 2.0 i.e. (2002-->)
XU10 J2TE / RGY[4] 141 PS (104 kW; 139 hp) 8v - turbo catalyst Citroën XM 2.0 Turbo CT
Peugeot 605 2.0 Turbo
XU10 J2TE / RGX 147 PS (108 kW; 145 hp) Citroën XM 2.0 Turbo CT
Citroën Xantia 2.0 Turbo CT
Peugeot 406 SRi Turbo
Peugeot 605 2.0 Turbo
Eurovans
XU10 J4D/Z / RFT 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 16-valve DOHC catalyst Citroën ZX Coupé
Citroën Xantia I
Peugeot 306 S16
Peugeot 405 Mi16 mkII (94-->)
XU10 J4R/L3 / RFV 134 PS (99 kW; 132 hp) Citroën XM (98-->)
Citroën Xantia
Citroën Xsara Exclusive
Peugeot 306
Peugeot 406 (-->99)
Peugeot 806
Peugeot 605
XU10 J4RS/L3 / RFS 166 PS (122 kW; 164 hp) Citroën ZX Dakar
Citroën Xsara VTS
Peugeot 306 Rallye
Peugeot 306 GTI6
XU10 J4TE[2] 196 PS (144 kW; 193 hp) 16-valve DOHC turbo catalyst Peugeot 405 T16 Turbo 4x4
XU10 J4/L/Z / RFY [5] 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) 16-valve DOHC catalyst Peugeot 405 Mi16
Citroën ZX
Peugeot 306 S16

Motorsport[edit]

The XU engine was used in motorsport for over 3 decades.

Model Bore x Stroke Displacement Output torque Notes Model of Car
*NO INFO* 83 mm × 73 mm (3.27 in × 2.87 in) 1.6 L (1,580 cc) 515 PS (379 kW; 508 hp) *NO INFO* 16-valve DOHC turbo Citroen AX Superproduction/ Supertourisme prototype (1988)
XU8 T 83 mm × 82 mm (3.27 in × 3.23 in) 1.8 L (1,775 cc) 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) Peugeot 205 T16 Kitée
XU8 T Evo 1 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) Peugeot 205 T16 Evolution 1
XU8 T Evo 2 550–600 PS (405–441 kW; 542–592 hp) Peugeot 205 T16 Evolution 2
XU9J4x 83 mm × 88 mm (3.27 in × 3.46 in) 1.9 L (1,905 cc) 217 PS (160 kW; 214 hp) 16-valve DOHC Peugeot 905 spider
XU10J4x 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in) 2.0 L (1,998 cc) 280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp) @ 8700 rpm 255 N⋅m (188 lb⋅ft) @ 5900 rpm Peugeot 306 Maxi
*NO INFO* 85 mm × 88 mm (3.35 in × 3.46 in) 2.0 L (1,997 cc) 304 PS (224 kW; 300 hp) @ 5250 RPM 580–635 N⋅m (428–468 lb⋅ft) @ 3500-4000 RPM 16-valve DOHC TR30R turbo Peugeot 206 WRC, Peugeot 307 WRC
84 mm × 90 mm (3.31 in × 3.54 in) 2.0 L (1,995 cc) 314 PS (231 kW; 310 hp) @ 5500 RPM 570 N⋅m (420 lb⋅ft) @ 2750 RPM Citroën Xsara T4 W

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "ESSAI COURSE les 205 Turbo 16" (in French). №209. Échappement - Revue Du Sport Automobile. March 1986. p. 52. ISSN 0000-0000.
  2. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (10 March 1994). Automobil Revue 1994 (in German and French). 89. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 455. ISBN 3-444-00584-9.
  3. ^ Mustmar, Andi, ed. (1991-10-02). "Produk Baru: Peugeot 605 SRi, cuma rp 120 juta" [New Product: Peugeot 605 SRi, only 120 million rupiah]. Intan Motor (in Indonesian). No. 91. Jakarta: Yayasan Beraya Press. ISSN 0215-7713.
  4. ^ Automobil Revue 1994, p. 456
  5. ^ Automobil Revue 1994, p. 454