This gene encodes a member of the cytohesin (CYTH) family, formerly known as the PSCD (pleckstrin homology, Sec7 and coiled-coil domains) family. Members of this family have identical structural organization that consists of an N-terminal coiled-coil motif, a central Sec7 domain, and a C-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. The coiled-coil motif is involved in homodimerization, the Sec7 domain contains guanine-nucleotide exchange protein (GEP) activity, and the PH domain interacts with phospholipids and is responsible for association of CYTHs with membranes. Members of this family appear to mediate the regulation of protein sorting and membrane trafficking. CYTH4 exhibits GEP activity in vitro with both ARF1 and ARF5 but is inactive with ARF6. The CYTH4 and CYTH1 gene structures are very similar.
Morishige M, Hashimoto S, Ogawa E, et al. (2008). "GEP100 links epidermal growth factor receptor signalling to Arf6 activation to induce breast cancer invasion". Nat. Cell Biol. 10 (1): 85–92. doi:10.1038/ncb1672. PMID18084281.
Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, et al. (2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs". Nat. Genet. 36 (1): 40–5. doi:10.1038/ng1285. PMID14702039.
Venkateswarlu K (2003). "Interaction protein for cytohesin exchange factors 1 (IPCEF1) binds cytohesin 2 and modifies its activity". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (44): 43460–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.M304078200. PMID12920129.
Ogasawara M, Kim SC, Adamik R, et al. (2000). "Similarities in function and gene structure of cytohesin-4 and cytohesin-1, guanine nucleotide-exchange proteins for ADP-ribosylation factors". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (5): 3221–30. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.5.3221. PMID10652308.
Trofatter JA, Long KR, Murrell JR, et al. (1996). "An expression-independent catalog of genes from human chromosome 22". Genome Res. 5 (3): 214–24. doi:10.1101/gr.5.3.214. PMID8593609.