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The pulse period is 2.15 ms. Analysis of the pulse timing residuals shows a binary orbit with a period of 95.17 days, and a high eccentricity, e = 0.437. The mass of the companion is ~1 solar mass (M☉), while the pulsar mass is unusually large at 1.67 ± 0.02 M☉; the third largest precisely measured mass after those of PSR J1614-2230 and PSR J0348+0432. A near-infrared companion, KS = 18 (2.22µ), is observed in Gemini North images at its radio position, in 2011 radial velocity measurements made with the VLT confirmed this to be the companion to the millisecond pulsar; the first such system to be observed in the Galaxy.
Popular theories for the formation of binary millisecond pulsars require mass transfer onto the rotating neutron star from a white dwarf companion in order to spin it up to periods less than about 10 ms—a process expected to be accompanied by strong tidal forces, producing a highly circular orbit. The main-sequence companion and the eccentric orbit of PSR J1903+0327 do not conform to this expectation. The system is likely to have originated as a triple system. The remnant of the star that transferred mass to the neutron star (its original close companion) was later ejected by a gravitational interaction with the unevolved third member of the system; its present main-sequence companion.
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- Cordes, J. M.; Freire, P. C. C.; Lorimer, D. R.; Camilo, F.; Champion, D. J.; Nice, D. J.; Ramachandran, R.; Hessels, J. W. T.; et al. (2006). "Arecibo Pulsar Survey Using ALFA. I. Survey Strategy and First Discoveries". Astrophys. J. 637 (1): 446. arXiv: . Bibcode:2006ApJ...637..446C. doi:10.1086/498335.
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