|مشارکتِ پاکستان برائے بعیدالمواصلات (المحدود)|
|Type||Public utility state-owned enterprise|
|Founded||14 August 1947 incorporated 1995|
|•Federal Secretary IT |
(President and Group CEO)
|Revenue||Rs. 83.44 billion (US$290 million) (2022)|
|Rs. 13.51 billion (US$47 million) (2022)|
|Rs. 9.05 billion (US$31 million) (2022)|
|Total assets||Rs. 305.16 billion (US$1.1 billion) (2022)|
|Total equity||Rs. 108.05 billion (US$370 million) (2022)|
|Owner||Government of Pakistan (62%)|
General public (12%)
Number of employees
Pakistan Telecommunication Company Ltd., commonly known as PTCL (Urdu: مشارکتِ پاکستان برائے بعیدالمواصلات (المحدود)) is the national telecommunication company in Pakistan. PTCL provides telephone and internet services nationwide and is the backbone for the country's telecommunication infrastructure. The corporation manages and operates around 2000 telephone exchanges across the country, providing the largest fixed-line network. Data and backbone services such as GSM, HSPA+, CDMA, LTE, broadband internet, IPTV, and wholesale are an increasing part of its business.
Originally a state-owned corporation, the shareholding of PTCL was reduced to 62%, when 26% of shares and control were sold to Etisalat Telecommunications while the remaining 12% to the general public in 2006 under an intensified privatization program under Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. However, the 62% of shares still remain under the management of government-ownership of state-owned corporations of Pakistan.
Posts & Telegraph Department
From the beginning of the Posts & Telegraph Department in 1949 and establishment of Pakistan Telephone & Telegraph Department in 1962, PTCL has been a major player in telecommunication in Pakistan. 
Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation
Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation (PTC) took over operations and functions from Pakistan Telephone and Telegraph Department under Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation Act 1991. This coincided with the Government's competitive policy, encouraging private sector participation and resulting in the award of licenses for cellular, card-operated pay-phones, paging and, lately, data communication services.
Pursuing a progressive policy, the Government in 1991, announced its plans to privatize PTCL, and in 1994 issued six million vouchers exchangeable into 600 million shares of the would-be PTCL in two separate placements. Each had a par value of Rs. 10 per share. These vouchers were converted into PTCL shares in mid-1996.
Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited
In 1995, Pakistan Telecommunication (Reorganization) Ordinance formed the basis for PTCL monopoly over basic telephony in the country. The provisions of the Ordinance were lent permanence in October 1996 through Pakistan Telecommunication (Reorganization) Act. The same year, Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited was formed and listed on all stock exchanges of Pakistan
PTCL launched its mobile and data services subsidiaries in 2001 by the name of Ufone and PakNet respectively. None of the brands made it to the top slots in the respective competitions. Lately, however, Ufone had increased its market share in the cellular sector. The PakNet brand has effectively dissolved over a period of time. Recent DSL services launched by PTCL reflects this by the introduction of a new brand name and operation of the service being directly supervised by PTCL.
As telecommunication monopolies head towards an imminent end, services and infrastructure providers are set to face even bigger challenges. The post-monopoly era came with Pakistan’s Liberalization in Telecommunication in January 2003. On the Government level, a comprehensive liberalization policy for the telecoms sector is in the offering.
In 2005, Government of Pakistan decided to sell 26 percent of the company to some private corporation. There were three participants in the bidding process for the privatization of PTCL. Etisalat, an Abu Dhabi company was able to get the shares with a large margin in the bid. In June 2005, Etisalat won the 26% of PTCL shares along with management control of the then telecom monopoly for US$2.6 billion. As of 2019, Etisalat has held back $800m amount over a property-transfer dispute with the Pakistani government.
The government's plan of privatizing the corporation was not welcomed in all circles; countrywide protests and strikes were held by PTCL workers. They disrupted phone lines of institutions like Punjab University Lahore along with public sector institutions were also blocked. The military had to take over the management of all the exchanges in the country. They arrested many workers and put them behind bars. The contention between the Government and the employees ended with a 30% increase in the salaries of workers.
Financial and Operational performance
|Year ended||Revenue (PKR million)||Operating income (PKR million)||Net income (PKR million)||Total assets (PKR million)||Total equity (PKR million)|
|31 December 2014||81,513||8,012||5,207||179,574||92,144|
|31 December 2015||75,752||13,272||8,760||180,378||86,218|
|31 December 2016||71,420||10,201||6,835||180,109||83,013|
|31 December 2017||69,757||12,845||8,350||186,158||84,952|
|31 December 2018||70,100||10,757||7,422||196,044||83,571|
|31 December 2019||71,548||9,331||6,347||209,994||87,751|
|31 December 2020||71,804||8,493||6,030||223,600||94,010|
|31 December 2021||76,853||9,682||6,874||245,735||99,653|
|31 December 2022||83,444||13,513||9,053||305,160||108,054|
PTCL provides its fixed-line telephone services in many cities of Pakistan.
Vfone network shutdown
Voice services used to be provided through PTCL's CDMA2000 network, which was broadcast over the 1900 MHz WLL frequency under the 'Vfone' brand name, however, the network was shut down on 31 August 2016 nationwide.
Internet / high speed broadband
PTCL offers three different types of fixed-line broadband across 2,000 cities in Pakistan with plans ranging from 6 Mbps to 250 Mbps.
PTCL's FlashFiber is currently offered in over 60 cities.
Ufone is also a wholly owned subsidiary of PTCL, it also the fourth and the smallest cellular provider (excluding SCO) in the country. It provides both GSM, HSPA+ and LTE services over the 900, 1800 and 2100 MHz bands.
In addition to these services, PTCL also offers digital TV services based on DVB-IPTV with the brand name of PTCL Smart TV. PTCL users can also stream live TV using the SmartTV application for smartphones.
Changing in format of numbers
PTCL had started with 10 digit numbers for digital telephones. The first three (in case of smaller cities, 4 or 5) signified the area code (e.g. 042 for Lahore) and the rest (7 for large cities, 6 or 5 for smaller ones) were the subscribers number. Due to the large demand for landlines in Lahore and Karachi, in 2009, PTCL decided to increase the 7-digit subscriber numbers to 8-digits, adding "9" before existing Government numbers and "3" before the others (e.g. the number 042-7878787 before 2009, was changed to 042-37878787).
PTCL Group had successfully conducted 5G Trials on a non-commercial basis.
- List of dialling codes of Pakistan
- National Telecommunication Corporation - Previously part of TNT.
- PTCL Smart TV
- Telephone numbers in Pakistan
- Ufone - A wholly owned cellular subsidiary of PTCL
-  Company Profile of Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) on Financial Times (UK newspaper), Retrieved 9 December 2017
- "PTCL Annual Report 2022" (PDF). www.ptcl.com.pk.
- PTCL and Netflix sign collaboration agreement Dawn (newspaper), Updated 31 October 2016, Retrieved 9 December 2017
- "'Etisalat eager to resolve $800m payment issue'". Dawn.
- Ahmed, Ali (24 May 2021). "PTCL appoints Hatem Bamatraf as Chief Executive". Brecorder. Retrieved 6 July 2023.
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- TLTP (29 July 2020). "Telecom infrastructure ready to support 5G networks: PTA chief". Profit by Pakistan Today. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
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- "Privatisation gone sour: Govt signed agreement to transfer PTCL properties 'which don't exist'". Dawn. 2 January 2019.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2014" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2015" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2016" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2017" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2018" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2019" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2020" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2021" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "PTCL Annual Report 2022" (PDF). PTCL. 31 December 2022. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
- "Unlimited Internet Packages | Internet Bundles". ptcl.com.pk. Retrieved 6 July 2023.
- "Check Availability of PTCL Flash Fiber in your area". PTCL Flash Fiber. Retrieved 6 July 2023.
- "PTCL Charji EVO". PTCL CharJi EVO. Retrieved 6 July 2023.
- "Better than Cable - PTCL Smart TV". www.ptcl.com.pk. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- "Smart TV App". www.ptcl.com.pk. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- "PTCL shifts numbers from 7 to 8 digit series". The Nation (newspaper). 25 June 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
- "PTCL Group conducts successful 5G trials". Profit by Pakistan Today. 11 February 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.