Hpa-An

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Hpa-An
ဘားအံမြို့
Skyline of Hpa-An
Hpa-An is located in Myanmar
Hpa-An
Hpa-An
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 16°53′26″N 97°38′0″E / 16.89056°N 97.63333°E / 16.89056; 97.63333Coordinates: 16°53′26″N 97°38′0″E / 16.89056°N 97.63333°E / 16.89056; 97.63333
Country  Burma
Division Kayin State
District Hpa-an District
Township Hpa-an Township
Population (2014 census) 421,525
 • Religions Buddhism and Christianity
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 58[1]

Hpa-An (Burmese: ဘားအံမြို့; MLCTS: bha: am mrui. [pʰə ʔàɴ mjo̰]; also spelled Pa-An) is the capital of Karen State (also known as Kayin State), Myanmar. Hpa-An is the largest and most populated city in Karen State and it population estimates vary widely as no census has been taken in Myanmar since 1983, and the 2014 census has not yet released the populations of cities. The population as of the 2014 census is 421,575. Most of the people are Karen ethnic.

Climate[edit]

Hpa-An has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although maximum temperatures are somewhat depressed in the monsoon season due to heavy cloud and rain. There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October). Torrential rain falls from June to August, with over 1,100 millimetres (43 in) falling in August alone.

Climate data for Hpa-An
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
31.9
(89.4)
33.4
(92.1)
33.7
(92.7)
31.3
(88.3)
28.6
(83.5)
27.9
(82.2)
27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.2
(88.2)
30.56
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.9
(66)
21.9
(71.4)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
18.7
(65.7)
22.12
(71.81)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
5
(0.2)
6
(0.24)
42
(1.65)
412
(16.22)
875
(34.45)
1,043
(41.06)
1,134
(44.65)
578
(22.76)
208
(8.19)
30
(1.18)
8
(0.31)
4,345
(171.07)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Population history[edit]

  • 1953: 4,100
  • 1983: 41,500
  • 2015: 75,141

Education[edit]

Religion[edit]

The majority of residents are Theravada Buddhists, followed by Baptist, Anglican and Roman Catholic Christians.

Sights[edit]

Local monks
View of Than Lwin Bridge in Hpa-An

Kayin State Cultural Museum is located in Hpa-An.The Zwegabin Hill is an attractive place for visitors. Kyaukkalatt (Kyauk Kalat Monastery) and Kawtgon Cave (or Kawgoon Cave) is also a place of interest.

Sport[edit]

Zwegabin United FC founded in 2010, is based in Hpa-An.The club is competing in Myanmar National League.

Sport Climbing[edit]

At Bayint Nyi cave , new climbing site have been developed with the help of Andrew & Kathy and Technical Climbing Club of Myanmar since 2015. [3] [4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Hpa-An at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hpa-an travel guide from Wikivoyage