Pa Hin Ngam National Park

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Pa Hin Ngam National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Hin Ngam forest.jpg
Siamese tulip fields
Map showing the location of Pa Hin Ngam National Park
Map showing the location of Pa Hin Ngam National Park
Location within Thailand
LocationThep Sathit district, Chaiyaphum Province, Thailand
Coordinates15°39′34″N 101°23′24″E / 15.65944°N 101.39000°E / 15.65944; 101.39000Coordinates: 15°39′34″N 101°23′24″E / 15.65944°N 101.39000°E / 15.65944; 101.39000
Area112 km2 (43 sq mi)
Established1986 and then 1994
Rock formations

Pa Hin Ngam (Thai: ป่าหินงาม) is a national park in Chaiyaphum Province, Thailand.[1] "Hin ngam" means "beautiful stone", "pa" means "forest". The park got its name from the strange rock formations at the west end of the park. Erosion has carved several large rocks into striking and unusual shapes.

In 1985, the Tep Satit Forestry Department first surveyed the area, long popular with locals, and recommended its protection. In October 1986, Pa Hin Ngam Park was created, covering 10 km2 around the strange rock formations which gave the park its name. In 1993, the Forestry Department of Thailand conducted a more thorough survey including the surrounding area, and recommended that it become a national park. The national park covering 112 km2 was created on 19 September 1994, which was officially gazetted in 2007.[2]

The park is at the boundary of the Dong Phaya Yen Mountains and the Khorat Plateau. The steep cliff at the 846 m high Sut Phan Din viewpoint affords a view into a valley of the Sonthi River and the Sap Langka Wildlife Sanctuary. The name "Sut Phan Din" (สุดแผ่นดิน) means "end of land", reflecting the steepness of the cliff. This cliff also marks the watershed between the Chao Phraya and the Mekong rivers.

  • Lan Hin Ngam (ลานหินงาม) It was caused by the erosion of the soil and rocks into different shapes, which can be imagined as many kinds of objects and animals such as nails, radar, and hens.
  • Dok Kra Jiao or Bua Sawan Field (ทุ่งดอกกระเจียว หรือ ทุ่งบัวสวรรค์) Kra Jiao, a kind of curcuma, is an annual plant in the same species as ginger-galingale, scattered generally from Lan Hin Ngam to the Sut Phaendin viewpoint. Near the viewpoint is one of the fields of the Siam tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia), called "Dok Kra Jiao" (ดอกกระเจียว) in Thai. The dipterocarp forests bloom with the purple flowers at the beginning of the rainy season in July.
  • Sut Phaendin (สุดแผ่นดิน) is a steep cliff and the highest point of the Phang Hoei mountain range, two kilometres from the park office at 846 metres elevation. It is the cliff connecting between the central and northeastern regions.
  • Namtok Thep Phana (น้ำตกเทพพนา) is a medium-size waterfall originating from Huai Krachon flowing from the Phang Hoei mountain range. It has three tiers. There is water only during the rainy season.

The plants in Pa Hin Ngam National park[edit]

Pa Hin Ngam National park has the area that is full of green 112 square kilometers, has many kinds of plants, and the place to see the beautiful plants in the national park. There are two places that have different kinds of plant, the first is the place where you also can see the view that has a lot of trees called "Sut Phaendin" and the second is the place that has the most beautiful flower in the national park called "Bua Sawan Field".

When you are in the Sut Phaendin, you will see most of the area is a green field and it looks fertile because of many kinds of trees and they can be grown for the whole year. There are two different kinds of plants, the tropical plant[3] and the dry evergreen plant.[4] Also, these plants are protected by the officer of the national park for keeping them safe because the plants can be easy to destroy. However, the second place called "Bua Sawan Field" has more beautiful plants than Sut Phaendin.[5]

Bua Sawan Field, has only a plant is called "Siam tulip" because it is a flower that is related to various ginger species such as turmeric. Another name that people actually call this flower is "Dok Kra jiao". The people that come to Plants in Pa Hin Ngam, they also come to see this flower. But Dok Kra jiao 's flower doesn’t grow for the whole year, It grows only on the rainy season. It is the most beautiful plant in the national park.[6]

Plants in Pa Hin Ngam National Park have very big area and full of green, there are many kinds of the plan. Especially the Bua Sawan Field, it has only one the plant that is called "Siam tulip" or "Dok Kra jiao" which grows in the rainy season while in Sut Phaendin, has many kinds of trees that grow for the whole year

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pa Hin Ngam National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  2. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกากำหนดบริเวณที่ดินป่านายางกลัก ในท้องที่ตำบลโป่งนก ตำบลนายางกลัก ตำบลบ้านไร่ ตำบลวะตะแบก อำเภอเทพสถิต และตำบลซับใหญ่ กิ่งอำเภอซับใหญ่ อำเภอจัตุรัส จังหวัดชัยภูมิ ให้เป็นอุทยานแห่งชาติ พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๐ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 124 (26 ก): 26–29. June 6, 2007.
  3. ^ “Tropical Rain Forest”, ธวัชชัย สันติสุข2009. http://chm-thai.onep.go.th/chm/ForestBio/Tropical_rain.html.Access:30 March 2018
  4. ^ “Dry Evergreen or Semi Evergreen Forest”,ธวัชชัย สันติสุข,2009.http://chm-thai.onep.go.th/chm/ForestBio/Dry_Evergreen.html,Access:30 March 2018
  5. ^ “Pa Hin Ngam”2010.“http://park.dnp.go.th/visitor/nationparkshow.php?PTA_CODE=9132”.Access:30 March 2018.
  6. ^ “Pa Hin Ngam National Park Chaiyaphum”, oporshady .2014 https://travel.mthai.com/blog/86919.html.Access:30 March 2018.

“Dry Evergreen or Semi Evergreen Forest”,ธวัชชัย สันติสุข,2009.http://chm-thai.onep.go.th/chm/ForestBio/Dry_Evergreen.html,Access:30 March 2018

External links[edit]