George Alfred Grant, popularly known as Paa Grant (15 August 1878 – 30 October 1956), was a merchant and politician in the Gold Coast who has been called "the father of Gold Coast politics". As a political activist, he was a founder and the first president of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) in 1947.
Education and early career
Grant was born in 1878 in Beyin, Western Nzema, into an influential merchant family. He was the son of William Minneaux Grant and Madam Adjua (Dwowa) Biatwi of the Aboradze clan, and the grandson of Francis Chapman Grant, proprietor of the Gold Coast Times and treasurer of the Fanti Confederation.
Grant was educated at Wesleyan School in Cape Coast and through private tuition given by Joseph D. Abraham, a wealthy merchant friend of his father's. Grant was subsequently employed in the timber trade, first at Axim and then for five years in the Ivory Coast. In 1896, he established his own firm, George Grant and Company. He prospered as a timber merchant, with a flourishing export business, at a time when the trade was dominated by European companies.
He visited Britain in 1905 and by the time the First World War broke out in 1914, he had built up business contacts with leading timber companies in Europe and the United States. Between 1914 and 1919 he chartered ships to transport timber to Britain and the USA. He opened his own offices in London, Liverpool and Hamburg between 1920 and 1922, and in the Gold Coast he expanded operations to Dunkwa, Sekondi and Akim Abuakwa. In 1926 he was appointed to the Legislative Council, representing Sekondi. Grant was also a member of the Aborigines' Rights Protection Society and was instrumental in many development projects, including introducing street lighting and pipe-borne water to Sekondi and Axim.
Political activism and later life
During and after the Second World War, Grant realised that Africans in the Gold Coast were suffering many colonial practices that were discriminatory and unfavourable, and he decided to take steps to deal with the inadequacy of representation of African interests. He invited J. B. Danquah and others to a meeting to launch a nationalist party. Some 40 people, including lawyers R. A. Awoonor-Williams, Edward Akufo-Addo, and Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey, met in Saltpond and the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) was founded on 4 August 1947, with the goal of achieving self-government. Kwame Nkrumah was elected UGCC secretary general, after being recommended by Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, and Grant paid Nkrumah's £100 boat fare to return to Ghana from Liverpool that year.
Nkrumah later split from the UGCC to form the Convention People’s Party (CPP), and Grant eventually concentrated more on his businesses than politics. However, they maintained contact, and Nkrumah visited him two days before Grant's death in Axim on 30 October 1956, at the age of 78. In 1955 he had suffered an attack of apoplexy from which he never completely recovered.
The Paa Grant Soccer Academy was formed in 2009 by Kim Tyrone Grant, a former national player for Ghana Black Stars, to honour his grandfather's "dedication and work ethic helping bring freedom and independence to all Ghanaians from colonial rule until 1957".
Grant's living relatives include Sarah Esi Grant-Acquah, mother of lawyer Phyllis Christian, Sefa Gohoho of Songhai Africa, a Panafrican Luxury Consumer Goods Company. Another relative is David Prah-Annan, Accra, Ghana. He is also related to the recently deceased Dr. Mary Grant.
- Biography, The Paa Grant Soccer Academy Official Website.
- "Overpass to be named after Paa Grant", Joy Online, 22 August 2007.
- Daniel Miles McFarland, "Grant, 'Pa' George Alfred", Historical Dictionary of Ghana, 1985, p. 92.
- "Grant, G. A. (1878-1956)", in Makers of Modern Africa: Profiles in History, Africa Journal Ltd for Africa Books Ltd, 1981, pp. 189–90.
- David Birmingham, Kwame Nkrumah: The Father of African Nationalism (revised edition), Ohio University Press, 1998.
- Sarah Esi Grant-Acquah, "In the beginning was…PAA GRANT - And the UGCC". From Daily Graphic, 14 February 2007, via National Commission on Culture.
- "Paa Grant Honoured", Modern Ghana, 21 March 2007.
- "Flyover to be named after Paa Grant", GhanaWeb, 20 March 2007.
- "Academy History", The Paa Grant Soccer Academy Official Website.
- Ako Adjei, The Life and Work of George Alfred Grant (Paa Grant), Accra: Waterville Pub. House, 1992, 31 pp.
- Mrs. Sarah Esi Grant-Acquah, "In the beginning was…PAA GRANT - And the UGCC". Excerpts from Recollections. Source: Daily Graphic, Wednesday, 14 February 2007. National Commission on Culture. The author is the daughter of Paa Grant.
- Bernard Ralph Adams, "Paa Grant The Unsung Hero!", 31 December 2014.