Pablo Antonio Cuadra
|Pablo Antonio Cuadra Cardenal|
|Born||August 10, 1912
|Died||January 2, 2002
|Occupation||Poet, essayist, art and literary critic, playwright, graphic artist|
Early life and career
Cuadra was born on November 4, 1912 in Managua but spent the majority of his life in Granada. Cuadra or PAC was the son of Carlos Cuadra Pasos and Merceditas Cardenal. Cuadra is a first cousin of the writer Ernesto Cardenal.
(this page shows three different dates for the birth of Cuadra: 1912, 1914 and 1926. According to the New York Times obituary, he died at age 89 on January 2, 2002, which would place his birth in 1912. Thus, he was born sometime after January 2 in 1912) Reference: http://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/13/nyregion/pablo-antonio-cuadra-89-nicaraguan-poet.html)
Marriage and family
Cuadra married Adilia Mercedes Bendaña Ramírez.
In 2000 he became co-director of La Prensa newspaper alongside his cousin and partner, Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal. Chamorro was assassinated by Somoza supporters in 1978. Cuadra was briefly jailed in 1956 for his opposition to the Somoza's régime. In 1961 he became editor of the influential journal El Pez y La Serpiente (The Fish and the Serpent), which was highly influential in Latin America.
Cuadra became an outspoken advocate for Nicaragua's poor, embracing liberation theology and other intellectual currents which the Somoza government considered subversive. He later criticized the post-1979 Sandinista National Liberation Front régime for stifling the independence of Nicaragua's culture. For several years thereafter, he lived in self-imposed exile in Costa Rica and Texas.
He died on January 2, 2002 in Managua, following a respiratory illness. Cuadra was buried on January 4 in Granada, where he spent the majority of his life.
- Honorary Doctoral Degrees, Universidad Francisco Marroquín
- Comprehensive Bibliography
- Poem set to music
- "Pablo Antonio Cuadra (1912-2002)". ACI Prensa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-15.
- Kinzer, Stephen (January 13, 2002). "Pablo Antonio Cuadra, 89, Nicaraguan Poet". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
- "Pablo Antonio Cuadra". Dariana.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-15.
- "Nicaraguan nationalist poet Cuadra dies at 89". The Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
- "Pablo Antonio Cuadra". The Columbia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
- "Pablo Antonio Cuadra: Notes on Culture in the New Nicaragua," translated by Mark Falcoff, in Robert S. Leiken and Barry Rubin, The Central American Crisis Reader.
- Honorary Doctoral Degrees at Universidad Francisco Marroquín