Pablo Antonio Cuadra

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Pablo Antonio Cuadra Cardenal
Pablo Antonio Cuadra.jpg
Born(1912-11-04)November 4, 1912
Managua, Nicaragua
DiedJanuary 2, 2002(2002-01-02) (aged 89)
Managua, Nicaragua
OccupationPoet, essayist, art and literary critic, playwright, graphic artist

Pablo Antonio Cuadra (November 4, 1912 – January 2, 2002) was a Nicaraguan essayist, art and literary critic, playwright, graphic artist and one of the most famous poets of Nicaragua.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Cuadra was born on November 4, 1912[2] in Managua but spent the majority of his life in Granada. Cuadra or PAC was the son of Carlos Cuadra Pasos and Merceditas Cardenal. Cuadra is a first cousin of the writer Ernesto Cardenal.

(this page shows three different dates for the birth of Cuadra: 1912, 1914 and 1926. According to the New York Times obituary, he died at age 89 on January 2, 2002, which would place his birth in 1912. Thus, he was born sometime after January 2 in 1912) Reference:

Marriage and family[edit]

Cuadra married Adilia Mercedes Bendaña Ramírez.

Vanguardia movement[edit]

In 1931 Cuadra, along with José Coronel Urtecho, Joaquín Pasos, and other writers, founded the Vanguardia literary movement in Granada.[3]

Later career[edit]

Cuadra's Poemas nicaragüenses was published in 1934. He opposed the American intervention against Augusto César Sandino in the 1930s and broke with the Somoza dynasty in the 1940s.

In 2000 he became co-director of La Prensa newspaper alongside his cousin and partner, Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal. Chamorro was assassinated by Somoza supporters in 1978.[1] Cuadra was briefly jailed in 1956 for his opposition to the Somoza's régime.[4] In 1961 he became editor of the influential journal El Pez y La Serpiente (The Fish and the Serpent),[5] which was highly influential in Latin America.

Cuadra became an outspoken advocate for Nicaragua's poor, embracing liberation theology and other intellectual currents which the Somoza government considered subversive.[1] He later criticized the post-1979 Sandinista National Liberation Front régime for stifling the independence of Nicaragua's culture.[6] For several years thereafter, he lived in self-imposed exile in Costa Rica and Texas.

In 1995 Cuadra was Honored with an honorary doctorate degree [7] by Universidad Francisco Marroquín.


He died on January 2, 2002 in Managua, following a respiratory illness. Cuadra was buried on January 4 in Granada, where he spent the majority of his life.[4]


Cuadra won many literary honors, among them the Gabriela Mistral Inter-American Cultural Prize, awarded by the Organization of American States in 1991.[1]

Published works[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Kinzer, Stephen (January 13, 2002). "Pablo Antonio Cuadra, 89, Nicaraguan Poet". New York Times. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  2. ^ "Pablo Antonio Cuadra (1912-2002)". ACI Prensa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  3. ^ a b "Pablo Antonio Cuadra". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  4. ^ a b "Nicaraguan nationalist poet Cuadra dies at 89". The Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  5. ^ "Pablo Antonio Cuadra". The Columbia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  6. ^ "Pablo Antonio Cuadra: Notes on Culture in the New Nicaragua," translated by Mark Falcoff, in Robert S. Leiken and Barry Rubin, The Central American Crisis Reader.
  7. ^ Honorary Doctoral Degrees at Universidad Francisco Marroquín Archived 2011-05-01 at the Wayback Machine