Pacaás Novos National Park

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Pacaás Novos National Park
Parque Nacional de Pacaás Novo
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Pacaás Novos National Park
Map showing the location of Pacaás Novos National Park
Location Rondônia, Brazil
Nearest city Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia
Coordinates 11°10′S 63°26′W / 11.16°S 63.43°W / -11.16; -63.43Coordinates: 11°10′S 63°26′W / 11.16°S 63.43°W / -11.16; -63.43[1]
Area 708,664 hectares (1,751,150 acres).
Designation National park
Established 21 September 1979
Governing body ICMBio

Pacaás Novos National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional de Pacaás Novos) is a national park in the state of Rondônia, Brazil. The park contains a mountain range by the same name.


The park is in the Amazonia biome. It covers an area of 708,664 hectares (1,751,150 acres). It was established by decree 84.019 of 21 September 1979, and is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[2] The park covers parts of the municipalities of Alvorada d'Oeste, Campo Novo de Rondônia, Governador Jorge Teixeira, Guajará-Mirim, Mirante da Serra and Nova Mamoré in the state of Rondônia.[3]

The park takes its name from the Pacaás Novos River, which rises in the Pacaás Novos mountains in the west of the park and flows southwest via the Rio Pacaás Novos Extractive Reserve to join the Mamoré River just south of Guajará-Mirim. To the west the park adjoins the Guajará-Mirim State Park.[4]

Annual rainfall averages 764 millimetres (30.1 in). Temperatures range from 5 to 37 °C (41 to 99 °F) with an average of 25 °C (77 °F). Altitudes ranges from 100 to 1,230 metres (330 to 4,040 ft). The Pico Tracoá is the highest point in park and in the state at 1,230 metres (4,040 ft).[3]


The park is classed as IUCN protected area category II (national park). The objectives are to preserve a representative sample of the transition between the Cerrado and the Amazon rainforest, to protect about 2,000 springs of three major river basins, to contribute to the integrity of the Rondonia Center Mosaic, to protect species of fauna and flora and endangered plant species endemic to the Podocarpaceae family, and to preserve the scenic beauty of the region.[3] Protected species in the park include the black-shouldered opossum (Caluromysiops irrupta).[2]