Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
The conservation area was created in 1999 by the Indian government. UNESCO designated it a biosphere reserve in 2009.
The biosphere reserve's total area is 4,926.28 square kilometres (1,217,310 acres). It includes three wildlife conservation units:
Satpura National Park is designated as the core zone and the remaining area of 4401.91 km2, including the Bori and Pachmarhi sanctuaries, serves as the buffer zones.
The reserve is composed primarily of forest habitats, and is an important transition zone between the forest species of western and eastern India.
The forests are dominated by teak (Tectona grandis). They include the westernmost groves of sal (Shorea robusta), which is the dominant tree of eastern India's forests. Other endemic vegetation includes wild mango, silver fern, jamun and arjun.
Fourteen ethno-botanical plant species occur in PBR have been studied, which are traded from the selected villages of the buffer zone area of PBR. Different plant parts of these important species are collected by the local people for their own consumption and trade. A part of the reserve vegetation has been studied by Prof. Chandra Prakash Kala, especially with respect to the indigenous uses of the plants.
A total 5 ethno-botanical species such as Acacia nilotica, Anogeissus latifolia, Sterculia urens, Terminalia tomentosa, and Terminalia arjuna are in the collection of gums. With Acacia nilotica and Terminalia tomentosa, the gums ooze out from their branches without needing any cuts on the tree. Anogeissus latifolia, Sterculia urens, and Terminalia arjuna are treated conventionally for collection of gums, by making cuts into the stem.
- Biosphere reserves of India
- Wildlife sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh
- Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education
- National Council of Educational Research and Training. "Science: Textbook for Class VIII". Publication Department, 2010, p.80.
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