Municipality and town
View of Pacho
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca department of Colombia
|Founded||25 August 1604|
|Founded by||Lorencio de Terrones|
|• Mayor||Ronald David Rangel Bermúdez|
|• Municipality and town||403.3 km2 (155.7 sq mi)|
|• Urban||3.6 km2 (1.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,136 m (7,008 ft)|
|• Municipality and town||27,179|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)|
Pacho is a municipality and town of Colombia in the department of Cundinamarca. Pacho is part of the Rionegro Province and the urban centre is situated at a distance of 88 kilometres (55 mi) from the capital Bogotá at an altitude of 2,136 metres (7,008 ft), while the altitude ranges from 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) to 3,700 metres (12,100 ft). The municipality borders San Cayetano, Villagómez and Topaipí in the north, Supatá and Subachoque in the south, Vergara and El Peñón in the west and in the east Zipaquirá, Tausa and Cogua.
In the times before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca, Pacho was called Guataque or Gotaque; Gua; "mountain", Tha; "strong" and Que; "elevated", so "strong elevated mountain". The modern name is also derived from Chibcha; Pa is "father" and chó is "good"; "good father".
The area of Pacho before becoming part of the New Kingdom of Granada was inhabited by the Muisca where the area of Pacho formed the western boundary of the Muisca Confederation, bordering the Muzo in the northwest and the Panche or Colima in the west and southwest.
Modern Pacho was founded on August 25, 1604 by Lorencio de Terrones.
Pacho was already an agricultural area in the times of the Muisca. Today the main agricultural products are coffee, oranges, strawberries, papayas, pineapples, bananas, plaintains, potatoes, yuca and flowers. The town also as an important dairy farming industry.
Born in Pacho
- Samuel Cabrera, former professional cyclist
- (in Spanish) Official website Pacho
- * Espejo Olaya, Maria Bernarda (1999). Notas sobre toponimia en algunas coplas colombianas [Notes about toponomy of some Colombian ballads - Thesaurus] (PDF) (in Spanish). Tomo LIV, Núm. 3. p. 1121.
- Francisco Hélmer Herrera Buitrago, nicknamed Pacho
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