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|Other names||Navarra pointer, perdiguero Navarro, pachón de Victoria, nafarroako eper txakur|
|Breed status||Not recognized as a standardized breed by any major kennel club.|
|Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
The pachón Navarro is a type of Spanish hunting dog which has the unusual feature of a split or double nose. It was formerly believed that this unusual nose gives it extra sensitivity to smells, a primary reason it was chosen as a hunting dog. Today, it is known that this feature is only a cosmetic difference. The variety is also known by other names: Navarra pointer, Spanish: pachón de Victoria and perdiguero Navarro; Basque: nafarroako eper txakur.
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The modern pachón Navarro is a braque-type hunting dog which points to game. It has short hair that may be brown and white, or orange and white, commonly ticked like the coat of most German Shorthaired Pointers. The head and large patches on the coat are generally solid-colored.
With a broad head, the dog is a substantially large animal, weighing between 27 and 33 kg (60 and 73 lb) and having a height between 48 and 57 cm (19 and 22 in). Its ears are long.
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The Fédération Cynologique Internationale and other major international kennel clubs do not recognize the pachón Navarro as a standardized breed. The Spanish Kennel Club has accepted the Pachón Navarro as a breed.
The pachón Navarro is believed to have reached its apex of popularity among Spanish nobility of the 18th and 19th centuries, becoming nearly extinct after the Spanish Civil War. A few enthusiasts scoured the country and have re-established breeding stock.
Double-nosed Andean tiger hound
The “double-nosed Andean tiger hound” is believed to be a type of hound born with a bifid or double nose, and presumed to be descended from the Pachón Navarro hunting dogs brought to South America by the Spanish Conquistadors in the 16th century. A dog fitting the description of a “double-nosed Andean tiger hound” was seen in Bolivia by Explorer John Blashford-Snell. His first encounter with a bifid hound was in 2005 in an area near Ojaki, and again on a return trip a short time later when he encountered a litter of puppies sired by a “double-nosed Andean tiger hound” crossed with a bitch that had a normal nose. Two of the four puppies had bifid noses and only lived three days. There is also mention of a bifid nosed hound in a 1913 report by explorer Percy Fawcett.
This old, regional variety of dog is in danger of extinction; in March 2007, there were counted between 70 and 80 pure-bred exemplars. Today, its growth is promoted through an association created to preserve it and establish it as a standardized breed, without altering its defining features.[non-primary source needed]
- "Rarest Video Games Ever and more". YouTube. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- "Double-nosed dog not to be sniffed at". BBC NEWS. 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
- Lawlor, Eric (1989). In Bolivia. Vintage Books. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-39475-836-7. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- Terry Breverton (2013). Breverton's Phantasmagoria. New York: Quercus. p. 433. ISBN 978-1-62365-235-7. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- Fawcett, P.H. (2016). Lost Trails, Lost Cities. San Francisco: Hauraki Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78720-078-4. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- "Cronología: Resumen verdadero de acontecimientos". Pachonnavarro.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.