Pachón Navarro

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Pachón Navarro
Pachon navarro.jpeg
Other names
  • Pachón
  • Pachón de Vitoria
  • Pachón español
  • Perdiguero común
  • Perdiguero navarro
OriginNavarre, Spain
Traits
Height
48–60 cm[1]
Dogs
average 55 cm[1]
Bitches
average 52 cm[1]
Weight
20–30 kg[1]
Kennel club standards
Real Sociedad Canina de España standard
Gobierno de Navarra standard
Dog (domestic dog)
Pachón navarro (c. 1890)

The Pachón Navarro (plural Pachones Navarros) is a Spanish breed of hunting dog from the autonomous community of Navarre, in northern Spain. It is one of five Basque breeds of dog, the others being the Basque Shepherd Dog, the Erbi Txakur, the Villano de Las Encartaciones and the Villanuco de Las Encartaciones.[2][3]

History[edit]

The Pachón is believed to be among the oldest pointer dogs of the Iberian peninsula, with iconographic evidence going back to the Middle Ages. In the nineteenth century, as hunting became an occupation of the bourgeoisie, it became widespread through much of Spain under number of names such as Pachón, Pachón de Vitoria, Pachón español, Perdiguero común and Perdiguero navarro. Dogs of this type were exhibited in the earliest Spanish dog shows in the 1890s.[4]: 560 

The Pachón was among the breeds recognised by the Real Sociedad Canina at its foundation in 1911, but by the 1970s was believed to be extinct. Efforts to recover it began with a census of surviving examples in 1979.[4]: 560  In 1983 it was one of four Spanish dog breeds portrayed in an issue of postage stamps.[5] A breed society, the Asociación Nacional Pro Recuperación del Pachón Navarro, was established in Laserna [es] in Álava in 2001, followed by the Círculo de Cazadores y Criadores de Pachón Navarro in Pamplona in 2002.[4]: 559  A breed standard was published by the government of Navarre in 2006, and in 2010 the Pachón was added to the list of dog breeds recognised by the Spanish government.[1][6] It is not recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

In 2009 the total breed population was estimated to be between 700 and 1000 dogs.[4]: 560 

Characteristics[edit]

The modern Pachón is a braque-type hunting dog which points to game. It has short hair that may be brown and white, or orange and white, commonly ticked like the coat of most German Shorthaired Pointers. The head and large patches on the coat are generally solid-colored.

A few examples display an unusual characteristic, a split or bifid nose.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f [s.n.] (25 September 2006). Orden Foral 270/2006, de 14 de agosto, del Consejero de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación, por la que se reconoce el estándar racial y funcional de la raza canina Pachón Navarro (in Spanish). Gobierno de Navarra/Nafarroako Gobernua. Boletín Oficial de Navarra 115
  2. ^ Mariano Gómez Fernández (2002). Las razas de ganado autóctonas vascas en el pastoreo vaso (in Spanish). Annals del Centre d'Estudis Comarcals del Ripollès. 2002: 279–290.
  3. ^ Mariano Gómez, I. Amezaga (2003). Conservation of livestock genetic resources in Euskadi (Basque Country). Animal Genetic Resources/Resources génétiques animales/Recursos genéticos animales 33: 41–55. ISSN 1014-2339.
  4. ^ a b c d Miguel Fernández Rodríguez, Mariano Gómez Fernández, Juan Vicente Delgado Bermejo, Silvia Adán Belmonte, Miguel Jiménez Cabras (eds.) (2009). Guía de campo de las razas autóctonas españolas (in Spanish). Madrid: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino. ISBN 9788449109461.
  5. ^ Javier Moscoso del Prado y Muñoz (18 May 1983). 15315: ORDEN de 18 de mayo de 1983 sobre emisión y puesta en circulación de dos series de sellos de correos con las denominaciones de "Perros de raza española" y "Grandes efemérides" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial del Estado 127: 14981.
  6. ^ Elena Espinosa Mangana (4 March 2010). 4133: Orden ARM/573/2010, de 4 de marzo, por la que se modifica el anexo del Real Decreto 558/2001, de 25 de mayo, por el que se regula el reconocimiento oficial de las organizaciones o asociaciones de criadores de perros de raza pura (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial del Estado 62: 24841.