Pachysandra procumbens

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Pachysandra procumbens
Alleghany Pachysandra Pachysandra procumbens Plants 3008px.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Buxales
Family: Buxaceae
Genus: Pachysandra
Species: P. procumbens
Binomial name
Pachysandra procumbens
Synonyms[1]

Pachysandra erecta (Baillon)

Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny pachysandra or Allegheny spurge) is a flowering plant in the family Buxaceae, native to southeast United States from West Virginia and Kentucky south to Florida, and west to Louisiana. The name Allegheny is sometimes spelled Alleghany.

It is an evergreen subshrub, growing to at most 30 cm high, usually less. The leaves are 5–10 cm long, with a coarsely toothed margin. The flowers are small, white, produced several together on a terminal raceme 2–3 cm long.

Description[edit]

Pachysandra procumbens, commonly known as Allegheny spurge, is a shrubby, ground cover which grows 8-12" tall and spreads indefinitely by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of matte blue-green leaves mottled with purple and white. It is native to woodlands from North Carolina and Kentucky south to Florida and Texas. Ovate to suborbicular leaves (to 3" long) are coarsely toothed at the apex but untoothed at the base. Leaves are typically deciduous in USDA Zones 5 and 6 but semi-evergreen to evergreen in Zones 7 to 9. Even where evergreen, the leaves may appear worn and tattered by mid winter. Tiny, fragrant, greenish white to white flowers bloom in terminal spikes (2-4" long) in early spring before the new leaves arrive.

Genus name comes from the Greek words pachys meaning thick and andros meaning male in reference to the male parts of the flower (thick stamens).Specific epithet from Latin means trailing in reference to the rhizomatous ground cover habit.

It spreads slowly to form a dense carpet 8-10” tall. Allegheny pachysandra performs well in a variety of soils from moist to dry and a range of soil pH as long as it is growing in partial to full shade. This woodland plant is also considered by many to be very deer and drought resistant.[2]

Varieties[edit]

References[edit]

Native Pachysandra procumbens (1878)