Saint Pacianus in the façade of the bishop's palace in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
|Father of the Church|
|Born||c. 310 AD|
|Died||c. 391 AD
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church,
Eastern Orthodox Church
Saint Pacian (Pacianus) (Catalan: Sant Pacià) (c. 310–391 AD) was a bishop of Barcelona during the fourth century. He was bishop from about 365 AD to 391 AD, succeeding Praetextatus (Pretextat), who had attended a church council at Sardica in 347 AD and who is the first recorded bishop of Barcelona.
His writings are extant only in part in three letters and a short treatise, Paraenesis ad Poenitentiam. In his writings, he discussed ecclesiastical discipline, baptism, papal primacy, and teachings on penance against Novatianism, which was then flourishing in Spain. He is also remembered from a phrase from one of his letters: Christianus mihi nomen est, catholicus vero cognomen ("My name is Christian, my surname is Catholic.").
Pacian was married and had a son, Flavius Dexter, who served as high chamberlain to Theodosius I and as praetorian prefect to Honorius. Jerome did not know Pacian personally, but knew Pacian's son, to whom De Viris Illustribus is dedicated.
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