March 9, 1851|
Calamba, Laguna, Captaincy General of the Philippines
1930 (aged 79)Los Baños, Laguna, Philippine Islands
|Allegiance|| First Philippine Republic
Republic of Biak-na-Bato
|Service/branch||Philippine Revolutionary Army|
|Years of service||1897–1900|
* Battle of Calamba
|Relations||Jose Rizal, brother|
Paciano Rizal (full name: Paciano Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda) (March 9, 1851 – April 13, 1930) was a Filipino general and revolutionary, and the older brother of José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.
Paciano Rizal was born to Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro (1818–1897) and Teodora Morales Alonso y Quintos (1827-1911; whose family later changed their surname to "Realonda"), as the second of eleven children born to a wealthy family in the town of Calamba, Laguna, and grew up witnessing the abuses of the clergy and the Spanish colonial government. As a young student, together with Felipe Buencamino and Gregorio Sancianco, Paciano was a founding member of La Juventud Liberal, a reformist student organization that worked under the direction of the Comite de Reformadores, among whose leaders was Padre José Burgos. Among their tasks was to secretly distribute copies of the reformist paper, El Eco Filipino, while pretending to be purveyors of horse fodder (zacateros). Burgos, who was Paciano's friend and teacher, was later implicated in the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 and summarily executed.
Paciano joined and actively supported Propaganda Movement for social reforms, and supported the Movement's newspaper, Diariong Tagalog. An avid supporter of the movement, he did tasks such as collecting funds to finance the said organization, and solicited money for the nationalist paper.
In January 1897, after his younger brother's execution, Paciano joined General Emilio Aguinaldo in Cavite. He was appointed brigadier general of the revolutionary forces, and was elected Secretary of Finance in the Departmental Government of Central Luzon.
During the Philippine-American War (1899–1913), he commanded the Filipino forces in Laguna. U.S. troops captured him in Laguna on 1900. He was released soon after, and he settled in the town of Los Banos, Laguna.
- Portrayed by Ping Medina and Pen Medina in the 1998 film, Jose Rizal.
- Portrayed by Joonee Gamboa in the 1999 film, Bayaning 3rd World.
- Portrayed by Marco Alcaraz in the 2014 TV series, Ilustrado.
|Ancestors of Paciano Rizal|
- General Paciano Rizal Monument, Tomb, Park and Shrine
- (Book) Paciano Rizal: a hero missing at the Luneta - a biography of José Rizal's Big Brother.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paciano Rizal.|