Paciano Rizal

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Paciano Rizal
Pacianojf9029 13.JPG
Born (1851-03-09)March 9, 1851
Calamba, Laguna, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died Los Baños, Laguna, Philippine Islands (aged 79)
Allegiance  First Philippine Republic
Flag of the Tagalog people.svg Republic of Biak-na-Bato
Philippine revolution flag kkk1.svg Katipunan
Service/branch Philippine Army Seal 1897.jpgPhilippine Revolutionary Army
Years of service 1897–1900
Rank Gial de Brigada.jpg Brigadier General
Battles/wars Philippine Revolution
* Battle of Calamba
Philippine-American War
Relations Jose Rizal, brother

Paciano Rizal (full name: Paciano Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda) (March 9, 1851 – April 13, 1930) was a Filipino general and revolutionary, and the older brother of José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.

Early life[edit]

Paciano Rizal was born to Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro (1818–1897) and Teodora Morales Alonso y Quintos (1827-1911; whose family later changed their surname to "Realonda"), as the second of eleven children born to a wealthy family in the town of Calamba, Laguna, and grew up witnessing the abuses of the clergy and the Spanish colonial government. As a young student, together with Felipe Buencamino and Gregorio Sancianco, Paciano was a founding member of La Juventud Liberal, a reformist student organization that worked under the direction of the Comite de Reformadores, among whose leaders was Padre José Burgos. Among their tasks was to secretly distribute copies of the reformist paper, El Eco Filipino, while pretending to be purveyors of horse fodder (zacateros). Burgos, who was Paciano's friend and teacher, was later implicated in the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 and summarily executed.[1]


Paciano joined and actively supported Propaganda Movement for social reforms, and supported the Movement's newspaper, Diariong Tagalog. An avid supporter of the movement, he did tasks such as collecting funds to finance the said organization, and solicited money for the nationalist paper.

In January 1897, after his younger brother's execution, Paciano joined General Emilio Aguinaldo in Cavite. He was appointed brigadier general of the revolutionary forces, and was elected Secretary of Finance in the Departmental Government of Central Luzon.[1]

During the Philippine-American War (1899–1913), he commanded the Filipino forces in Laguna. U.S. troops captured him in Laguna on 1900.[1] He was released soon after, and he settled in the town of Los Banos, Laguna.


He lived a quiet life as a gentleman farmer, and died at the age of 79 of tuberculosis.[1][2]

Popular culture[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d The National Historical Institute, Paciano A. Rizal (PDF), retrieved 2010-08-02 
  2. ^ Smbea Mabelle, A Rizal in Los Baños, Wired! Philippines,, retrieved 2008-07-04