Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages

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Pacific Coast Athabascan
Geographic
distribution:
California, Oregon
Linguistic classification: Dené–Yeniseian?
Subdivisions:
  • California
  • Oregon
Glottolog: paci1277[1]

Pacific Coast Athabaskan is a geographical and possibly genealogical grouping of the Athabaskan language family.

California Athabaskan[edit]

1. Hupa (AKA Hoopa-Chilula)
dialects:
  • Hupa
  • Chilula-Whilkut
- Chilula
- Whilkut
2. Mattole–Bear River
dialects:
3. Eel River
dialects:
4. Cahto (AKA Kato) (sometimes included in Eel River)

Often the Mattole–Bear River and Eel River speaking groups together are called Southern Athapaskans. Their languages were similar to each other, but differed from the northern California tribes whose languages were also part of the Athapaskan family. They are not to be confused with the Apachean peoples (Apache and Navajo) - also known as Southern Athabascans - of the American Southwest and northern Mexico which speak Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) languages.

Oregon Athabaskan[edit]

4. Upper Umpqua
5. Rogue River (AKA Tututni or Lower Rogue River)
dialects:
  • Upper Coquille
- Coquille
- Flores Creek
  • Tututni
- Tututunne
- Naltunnetunne
- Mikwunutunne
- Joshua (AKA Chemetunne)
- Sixes
- Pistol River (AKA Chetleshin)
- Wishtenatin (AKA Khwaishtunnetunnne)
  • Euchre Creek
  • Chasta Costa (AKA Illinois River, Chastacosta, Chasta Kosta)
6. Galice–Applegate
dialects:
  • Galice
  • Applegate (AKA Nabiltse)
7. Tolowa
dialects:
  • Chetco
  • Smith River

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Pacific Coast Athapaskan". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

Bibliography[edit]