Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages

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Pacific Coast Athabascan
California, Oregon
Linguistic classification: Dené–Yeniseian?
  • California
  • Oregon
Glottolog: paci1277[1]

Pacific Coast Athabaskan is a geographical and possibly genealogical grouping of the Athabaskan language family.

California Athabaskan[edit]

1. Hupa (AKA Hoopa-Chilula)
  • Hupa
  • Chilula-Whilkut
- Chilula
- Whilkut
2. Mattole–Bear River
3. Eel River
4. Cahto (AKA Kato) (sometimes included in Eel River)

Often the Mattole–Bear River and Eel River speaking groups together are called Southern Athapaskans. Their languages were similar to each other, but differed from the northern California tribes whose languages were also part of the Athapaskan family. They are not to be confused with the Apachean peoples (Apache and Navajo) - also known as Southern Athabascans - of the American Southwest and northern Mexico which speak Southern Athabaskan (also Apachean) languages.

Oregon Athabaskan[edit]

4. Upper Umpqua (AKA Etnemitane)
5. Lower Rogue River (AKA Tututni, Coquille)
  • Upper Coquille
- Coquille (AKA Mishikwutinetunne)
- Flores Creek (AKA Kosotshe, Kusu'me, Lukkarso)
  • Tututni
- Tututunne
- Naltunnetunne
- Mikwunutunne (AKA Mikonotunne)
- Joshua (AKA Chemetunne)
- Sixes (AKA Kwatami)
- Pistol River (AKA Chetleshin)
- Wishtenatin (AKA Khwaishtunnetunnne)
  • Euchre Creek (AKA Yukichetunne)
  • Chasta Costa (AKA Illinois River, Chastacosta, Chasta Kosta)
6. Upper Rogue River (AKA Galice–Applegate)
  • Galice (AKA Taltushtuntede)
  • Applegate (AKA Nabiltse, Dakubetede)
7. Tolowa
  • Chetco
  • Smith River (AKA Tolowa)


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Pacific Coast Athapaskan". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.