Pacific Coast of Mexico
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Baja California Peninsula
On the western Baja California Peninsula coast, it extends from the border with the United States at Tijuana in Baja California state, south to the tip of the Baja California Peninsula at Cabo San Lucas in Baja California Sur state. On the peninsula's eastern coast it extends from the head of the Gulf of California to Cabo San Lucas.
Along Mexico's western mainland its Pacific Coast extends from the head of the eastern Gulf of California near the Colorado River Delta in Sonora state to south of the gulf to the open Pacific, and then further south to the border with Guatemala in Chiapas state near Tapachula.
After the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519−1521), the Pacific Coast of present-day Mexico was first seen by Europeans at Acapulco Bay. It occurred in either 1523 by explorers sent by Hernán Cortés via land, or in 1526 by Santiago Guevara via ship.
The Augustinian friar and navigator Andrés de Urdaneta had discovered the return Spanish trade route (tornaviaje) from the colonial Philippines to the Pacific Coast of Mexico in 1865, using the Pacific's volta do mar. The Manila-Acapulco Galleons were Spanish trading ships that made round-trip sailing voyages annually across the Pacific Ocean, from the port of Acapulco in the Spanish colonial México to Manila in the Spanish East Indies and back. Both under the colonial Viceroyalty of New Spain.
"Manila Galleons" is also used to refer to the trade route between colonial Acapulco and Manila, which lasted from 1565 to 1815.
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