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Pacific Research Institute

Coordinates: 34°8′44.2″N 118°8′11.5″W / 34.145611°N 118.136528°W / 34.145611; -118.136528
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Pacific Research Institute
Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy
Formation1979 (45 years ago) (1979)
Legal status501(c)(3)
Purposepublic policy analysis
Sally C. Pipes[b]
Clark S. Judge[c]
Revenue (2020)
Expenses (2020)$4,448,062[2]
Websitepacificresearch.org Edit this at Wikidata

The Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy (PRI) is a California-based free-market think tank which promotes "the principles of individual freedom and personal responsibility" through policies that emphasize a free economy, private initiative, and limited government.[3] PRI was founded in 1979 by British philanthropist Antony Fisher and a San Francisco businessman James North.[4][5] The organization has an office in Sacramento California and their headquarters office in Pasadena California. [1]

Policy areas[edit]

The organization is active in the policy areas of education, economics, health care, the environment, and water supply.[6][7] It operates the Center for California's Future, which has a goal of "reinvigorating California's entrepreneurial, self-reliant traditions" and the Laffer Center, which is "focused on educating people on free-markets and supply-side economics."[8]

From 1996 through 2009, the organization published an annual Index of Leading Environmental Indicators, which tracked environmental trends worldwide. PRI started the Center for Medicine in the Public Interest, a New York-based think tank focusing on health policy.[9]

In 2022, Pipes opposed federal efforts to cap copayments at $35 for insulin, and PRI opposed plans by California to back generic manufacturing of the drug.[10]

PRI is a member of the advisory board of Project 2025,[11] a collection of conservative and right-wing policy proposals from the Heritage Foundation to reshape the United States federal government and consolidate executive power should the Republican nominee win the 2024 presidential election.[12]


Sally C. Pipes has been president of the institute since 1991.[13][14] She writes a regular column for Forbes.com, focusing on health care in the United States.[15] In 2008 she founded the Benjamin Rush Institute as a conservative association for medical students with 20 chapters at medical schools across America.[14] She is originally from Canada and became a U.S. citizen in 2006.[14] She opposes single-payer health care systems.[10]

The current chairman of the board of trustees Clark S. Judge (since 2005) is also a cofounder of the White House Writers Group.[16]


PRI's total revenues in 2020 were $5.6 million, according to ProPublica's Nonprofit Explorer database. [2] The Lilly Endowment, connected to Eli Lilly and Company, is a donor, contributing $175,000 a year in grants to PRI since 2015, according to The Intercept.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ IRS Form-990 yr2020 shows corporate address in Pasadena
  2. ^ Pipes became president in 1991
  3. ^ Judge became chairman in 2005


  1. ^ a b "Contact". PRI. Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  2. ^ a b c "Nonprofit Explorer - Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy". ProPublica. 16 August 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2023.
  3. ^ Hanner, Ken (9 January 2011). "Conservative Spotlight: Pacific Research Institute". Human Events. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  4. ^ Butler, Eamonn (28 June 2015). "Antony Fisher, herald of freedom". Adam Smith Institute. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  5. ^ "History". PRI. Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  6. ^ Barringer, Felicity (28 February 2013). "In California, What Price Water?". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  7. ^ Connolly, Ceci (29 September 2009). "In Rationing Health Care, More Not Always Better, Experts Say". Washington Post. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  8. ^ Izumi, Lance (13 July 2015). "California should follow Nevada in offering education savings accounts". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  9. ^ Eggen, Dan (7 January 2010). "How interest groups behind health-care legislation are financed is often unclear". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  10. ^ a b c Fang, Lee (10 August 2022). "Eli Lilly Charity Finances Groups That Oppose Insulin Price Caps Under the Auspices of "Community Development"". The Intercept. Retrieved 30 August 2022.
  11. ^ "Advisory Board". The Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 November 2023. Retrieved 8 July 2024.
  12. ^ Mascaro, Lisa (29 August 2023). "Conservative Groups Draw Up Plan to Dismantle the US Government and Replace It with Trump's Vision". Associated Press News. Archived from the original on 22 September 2023. Retrieved 8 July 2024.
  13. ^ Barbaro, Michael; Strom, Stephanie (8 September 2006). "Wal-Mart Finds an Ally in Conservatives". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  14. ^ a b c "Sally C. Pipes". Pacific Research Institute. 26 April 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Sally Pipes". Forbes. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Clark S. Judge". White House Writers Group. Retrieved 9 April 2023.

External links[edit]

34°8′44.2″N 118°8′11.5″W / 34.145611°N 118.136528°W / 34.145611; -118.136528