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Kokopelli Packraft on Husum Falls (IV) on the White Salmon in Washington
Kokopelli Packraft on Husum Falls (IV) on the White Salmon in Washington
Packrafting in water from Glaciers in Norway

Packraft and trail boat are colloquial terms for a small, portable inflatable boat designed for use in all bodies of water, including technical whitewater and ocean bays and fjords. A packraft is designed to be light enough to be carried for extended distances. Along with its propulsion system (collapsible paddles or lightweight oars) and safety equipment (PFD, clothing) the entire package is designed to be light and compact enough for an individual to negotiate rough terrain while carrying the rafting equipment together with supplies, shelter, and other survival or backcountry equipment. Modern packrafts vary from inexpensive vinyl boats lacking durability to sturdy craft costing over US $1,000. Most weigh less than 4 kg (9 lbs) and usually carry a single passenger. The most popular propulsion systems involve a kayak paddle that breaks down into two to five pieces. Most often they are paddled from a sitting position, although kneeling can be advantageous in some situations.


Halkett boat, an early type of packraft

Pioneering use of packrafts is difficult to trace, as float tubes, inner tubes, and other small boats can in some of their uses be considered equivalent to packrafts, and have been used around the world for over a century, beginning with the Halkett boat. However, Dick Griffith is documented to have used a packraft to descend Copper Canyon's Urique River (Chihuahua, Mexico) in 1952[1] before introducing them to the Alaska Mountain Wilderness Classic adventure race in 1982. Packrafts are now common equipment in that race.[2] A variety of companies have made durable packrafts in the past including Sherpa, Curtis, and American Safety. Furthermore, aviator emergency rafts have been used for packrafting purposes in a variety of applications. Pioneering use of packrafts generally consisted of using boats intended as pool toys or lake craft in moving water while carrying gear or passengers. The discomfort of these non-durable boats led to the invention and marketing of the modern packraft.

Contemporary use[edit]

Alaska is generally considered the birthplace of packrafting as long distance, non-motorized, landscape travel across untracked wilderness necessitates a small, portable boat for water crossings. Dick Griffith, Roman Dial (author of Packrafting! An Introduction and How-to Guide), the Alaska Mountain Wilderness Classic, Sheri Tingey (founder of Alpacka Rafts), and Erin McKittrick (author of A Long Trek Home: 4,000 Miles by Boot, Raft and Ski), and her husband Bretwood Higman all are, or have been, based in Alaska. In the U.S. outside Alaska, Forrest McCarthy, Nathan Shoutis, and Ryan Jordan have advanced backcountry packrafting in Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Utah, and Arizona. Packrafting has become popular in Nordic countries and elsewhere in Europe. Packrafts have also been used in Mexico, Southeast Asia, Australia (including its Franklin River), New Zealand, Patagonia, and tropical South America. Typically the boats are carried to cross and float rivers, streams and lakes while carried between watersheds.

A packrafter enters an ice canyon on Matanuska Glacier, Alaska.

Packrafts have historically been used as portable boats for long distance wilderness travel, usage that reached its apogee in the Higman-McKittrick 7,200 km (4,500 mile) expedition along the Pacific Coast from Seattle to the Aleutian Islands. This classical use has been modified by most packraft owners to shorter day trips that mix trail hiking and river and creek floats or lake paddles. In Europe packrafts are used together with train travel. Most of these hike and paddle applications are in gentler water of Class II or less. However, low-flow steep creeks rated to Class V and other whitewater runs that were previously considered suitable only for kayaks and bigger rafts, are now run frequently by packrafters. The addition of spray decks and thigh straps allow more precise control of the craft. Eskimo rolling in packrafts is now done routinely. Packrafts are increasingly popular among fishers and hunters as well as travelers who wish to carry a lightweight craft on airplanes.


An Alpacka Raft paddled via kayak paddle

A typical cold water set-up including packraft with thigh straps and spray deck, safety lines, paddle, suitable clothing (such as a dry suit), inflation bag, helmet, backpack, dry bag weigh 7 kg (15 pounds). While they can be inflated by mouth or electric pumps, most contemporary users carry light weight inflation bags.

Distinction from "pool toy" In this article, packrafts/trail boats are differentiated from pool toys or flotation devices, which are intended for use in an enclosed and controlled body of water, such as a swimming pool. A packraft/trail boat is intended for use in open bodies of water.

Distinction from "man-portable" A packraft is distinguished from a strictly man-portable raft insofar as it is designed to be light enough to represent only a fraction of the total weight an individual can reasonably carry. A packraft can be carried for extended periods, along with food, water, shelter, and other supplies that would enable the individual to traverse long distances through difficult terrain. All rafts listed in this article weigh less than five pounds without paddles or spray decks.


Packrafts are used in a variety of applications. These include:

A packrafter engaged in descending a rapid
Fishing from a packraft
A packrafter wearing safety devices as the helmet and the PFD.


The expense of high quality packrafts costing $US500 – $US1000 has led to interest in using PVC inflatable boats and even pool toys costing $US15 – $US100 as a cheap alternative. These vinyl substitutes are not designed for anything more challenging than boating on still water no further than an easy swim to shore; they puncture easily, and they do not inflate to high pressures. For these reasons they have been described as 'slackrafts';[10] they do, however, offer some advantages over the even cheaper option of Liloing.

Comparison of Packrafts[edit]

Maker Model Mass Floor Material Side Material Capacity Multi-chamber Available
Advanced Elements Packlite Kayak AE3021 1.8 kg (4 lb) 113kg (250lbs) Yes Yes
Alpacka CuriYak 1.9 kg (4.2 lb) 800D 200D No Yes
Alpacka Scout 1.6 kg (3.5 lb) 800D 200D No Yes
Feathercraft BayLee 2 2.9 kg (6.5 lb)+ 840D nylon 210D nylon 230 kg (500 lb) No No
Norseraft Viking 2,7 kg (6 lb) 840D Nylon 210D Nylon 200 kg (441 lb) No Yes
Norseraft Berserker 3,4 kg (7,5 lb) 840D Nylon 210D Nylon 200 kg (441 lb) No Yes
Flyweight Designs Crossflyte 1.6 kg (3.5 lb) 70D & 210D nylon 70D nylon 140 kg (310 lb) No
Kokopelli Hornet-lite 2.2 kg (4.9 lb) 210D nylon 70D nylon 125 kg (275 lb) No Yes
Kokopelli Castaway 3.3 kg (7.3 lb) 840D nylon 210D nylon 125 kg (275 lb) Yes Yes
Kokopelli Nirvana Self-Bailing 3.3 kg (7.3 lb) 840D Kevlar Nylon Blend 210D nylon 135 kg (300 lb) Yes Yes
Kokopelli Recon Self-Bailing 7.2 kg (15.9lb) 1000d Reinforced PVC 1000d Reinforced PVC 135 kg (300 lb) Yes Yes
Kokopelli XPD 6.4 kg (14 lb) 1000d Reinforced PVC 1000d Reinforced PVC 135 kg (300 lb) No Yes
Kokopelli Rogue Lite 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) 210D Kevlar Nylon Blend 210D nylon 135 kg (300 lb) No Yes
MRS Microraft 3.0 kg (6.6 lb) 420D nylon 210D nylon 150 kg (330 lb) No Yes
MRS Tulo 2.3 kg (5 lb) 420D nylon 210D nylon 150 kg (330 lb) No Yes
NRS NRS PackRaft 3.4 kg (7.4 lb) 210D 70D Yes Yes
Supai Matkat 0.79 kg (1.75 lb) 70D 147 kg (325 lb) No Yes
Supai Canyon 0.68 kg (1.5 lb) 110 kg (250 lb) No Yes
Maker Model Mass Floor Material Side Material Capacity Multi-chamber Available

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dial, Roman. Packrafting! An Introduction and How-to Guide. Beartooth Mountain Press, Bozeman, MT. 2008
  2. ^ a b Alaskan Alpine Club. "Alaska Mountain Wilderness Classic Race reports". Archived from the original on 2004-11-12. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
  3. ^ a b c Backpacker. "Alpacka Rafts". Archived from the original on 2007-04-07. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  4. ^ Kayak Asia. "Adventure Travel Packrafts". Archived from the original on 2007-05-23. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  5. ^ Erin McKittrick. "Packrafts". Archived from the original on 2007-04-06. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  6. ^ Backpacking Light. "Packrafting Gear List". Archived from the original on 2012-12-09. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  7. ^ Alpacka Raft. "Hunting with Packrafts". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  8. ^ a b Alpacka Raft. "The World's Finest Packrafts". Archived from the original on 2006-10-28. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  9. ^ Eugene Buchanan. "First Skate Ski/Raft Circumnavigation of Howelsen Hill in Steamboat Springs, Colorado". Archived from the original on 2007-04-19. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  10. ^ S, Chris. "Slackrafts". Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 8 Oct 2013.

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