Pact for Italy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pact for Italy
Patto per l'Italia
Leader Mariotto Segni
Mino Martinazzoli
Founded January 1994
Dissolved March 1994
Political position Centre

The Pact for Italy (Italian: Patto per l'Italia) was a centrist political and electoral alliance in Italy launched by Mario Segni and Mino Martinazzoli in 1994.[1][2]

History[edit]

The alliance was composed of the Italian People's Party (PPI, the successor to Christian Democracy) and the Segni Pact.[3] The alliance also included remnants of the Italian Republican Party (PRI).[4] The alliance finished third place in the 1994 general election, behind the centre-right Pole of Freedoms/Pole of Good Government and the left-wing Alliance of Progressives. The alliance returned 33 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.[5]

Originally Lega Nord was also to join the alliance, but LN leader Umberto Bossi decided to join Silvio Berlusconi's Pole of Freedoms instead.

After the election, the alliance was disbanded. The PPI suffered a split of those who wanted to join Berlusconi's centre-right (the United Christian Democrats of Rocco Buttiglione) and those who wanted to ally with the left-wing Democratic Party of the Left. Segni Pact become a minor force and formed a joint list, within the centre-left coalition The Olive Tree, with Italian Renewal and the Italian Socialists for 1996 general election called the Pact of Democrats.[6]

Composition[edit]

It was composed of the following political parties:

Party Ideology Leader
Italian People's Party (PPI) Christian democracy Mino Martinazzoli
Segni Pact (PS) Christian liberalism Mariotto Segni
Italian Republican Party (PRI) Liberalism Giorgio La Malfa

Electoral results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 6,019,038 (#3) 15.63
46 / 630
Mario Segni
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1994 5,526,090 (#3) 16.69
31 / 315
Mario Segni

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Broughton (1999). Changing Party Systems in Western Europe. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-85567-328-1. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Richard Gunther; Nikiforos P. Diamandouros; Hans-Jürgen Puhle (1995). The Politics of Democratic Consolidation: Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective. JHU Press. p. 378. ISBN 978-0-8018-4982-4. 
  3. ^ Fabio Padovano; Roberto Ricciuti (2007). Italian Institutional Reforms: A Public Choice Perspective: A Public Choice Perspective. Springer. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-387-72141-5. 
  4. ^ Stephen P. Koff (2013). Italy: From the 1st to the 2nd Republic. Routledge. p. 243. ISBN 978-1-134-64369-1. 
  5. ^ Daniela Giannetti; Bernard Grofman (2011). A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-4419-7228-6. 
  6. ^ André Krouwel (2012). Party Transformations in European Democracies. SUNY Press. p. 323. ISBN 978-1-4384-4481-9.