Paddy Ashdown

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Lord Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon
Ashdown, 63, in a portrait photograph
Formal portrait, 2005
Leader of the Liberal Democrats
In office
16 July 1988 – 9 August 1999
Preceded by
Succeeded byCharles Kennedy
High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
27 May 2002 – 31 January 2006
Preceded byWolfgang Petritsch
Succeeded byChristian Schwarz-Schilling
European Union Special Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
3 June 2002 – 31 January 2006
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byChristian Schwarz-Schilling
Parliamentary offices
Member of the House of Lords
Life peerage
10 July 2001 – 22 December 2018
Member of Parliament
for Yeovil
In office
9 June 1983 – 14 May 2001
Preceded byJohn Peyton
Succeeded byDavid Laws
Personal details
Jeremy John Durham Ashdown

(1941-02-27)27 February 1941
New Delhi, British India
Died22 December 2018(2018-12-22) (aged 77)
Bristol, England
Resting placeChurch of St Mary the Virgin, Norton-sub-Hamdon
Political partyLiberal Democrats
Other political
Jane Courtenay
(m. 1962)
Alma materBedford School
  • Diplomat
  • politician
Military service
Branch/serviceRoyal Marines
Years of service1959–1972
UnitSpecial Boat Service

Jeremy John Durham Ashdown, Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon, GCMG, CH, KBE, PC (27 February 1941 – 22 December 2018), better known as Paddy Ashdown, was a British politician and diplomat who served as Leader of the Liberal Democrats from 1988 to 1999. Internationally, he is recognised for his role as High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2002 to 2006, following his vigorous lobbying for military action against Yugoslavia in the 1990s.

After serving as a Royal Marine and Special Boat Service officer and as an intelligence officer in the UK security services, Ashdown was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Yeovil in 1983 before retiring in 2001.

Ashdown was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) in the 2006 New Year Honours and Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2015 New Year Honours.[1] In 2017, Ashdown was appointed an Officer of the Legion of Honour by the French government.[2]

Ashdown had an interpretership qualification in Mandarin and was fluent in several other languages, including Malay, German, French and Bosnian.[3]

Early life and career[edit]

Ashdown was the eldest of seven children: four brothers and two sisters.[4] He was born in New Delhi, British India,[5] on 27 February 1941[6][7] to a family of soldiers and colonial administrators who spent their lives in India.[8] His father was a lapsed Catholic, and his mother a Protestant. His mother (née Hudson) was a nurse in the Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps.[9][full citation needed] Ashdown's father, John William Richard Durham Ashdown (1909–1980), was a British Indian Army officer who served in the 14th Punjab Regiment and the Royal Indian Army Service Corps, and in 1944 attained the rank of temporary lieutenant colonel.[10][a]

Ashdown was primarily brought up in Northern Ireland, where his father bought a farm in 1945[5] near Comber, County Down.[12] He was educated first at a local primary school, then as a weekly boarder at Garth House Preparatory School in Bangor[12] and from age 11 at Bedford School in England, where his accent earned him the nickname "Paddy".[12]

Royal Marines and Special Boat Section[edit]

After his father's business collapsed, Ashdown passed the naval scholarship examination to pay for his school fees,[13] but left before taking A-levels and joined the Royal Marines in 1959.[12] He served until 1972[5] and retired with the rank of captain. He served in Borneo during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation and the Persian Gulf,[4] before training as a Swimmer Canoeist in 1965, after which he joined the elite Special Boat Section (now named the Special Boat Service) and commanded a Section in the Far East.[5] He then went to Hong Kong in 1967 to undertake a full-time interpreter's course in Chinese,[13] and returned to the UK in 1970 when he was given command of a Royal Marine company in Belfast.[5]

Intelligence officer and diplomat[edit]

Ashdown left the Royal Marines to join the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS or MI6).[13][14] As diplomatic cover, he worked for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office as first secretary to the United Kingdom mission to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.[15] At the UN, Ashdown was responsible for relations with several UN organisations, involved in the negotiation of several international treaties, and some aspects of the Helsinki Accords in 1975.[16]

Political career[edit]

While in the Marines, Ashdown had been a supporter of the Labour Party but switched support to the Liberal Party in 1975. He had a comfortable life in Switzerland, where he lived with his wife Jane and their two children, Simon and Katherine, in a large house on the shores of Lake Geneva, enjoying plenty of time for sailing, skiing and climbing.[15] Ashdown decided to enter politics after the UK had two general elections in one year (those of February and October 1974) and the Three-Day Week.[13] He said that, "most of my friends thought it was utterly bonkers" to leave the diplomatic service, but that he had "a sense of purpose".[17]

In 1976 Ashdown was selected as the Liberal Party's prospective parliamentary candidate in his wife's home constituency of Yeovil in Somerset,[15] and took a job with Normalair Garrett, then part of the Yeovil-based Westland Group. Yeovil's Liberal candidate had been placed second in the February 1974[18] and third in the October 1974 general elections;[19] Ashdown's objective was to "squeeze" the local Labour vote to enable him to defeat the Conservatives,[15] who had held the seat since its creation in 1918.[20] He subsequently worked for Tescan, and was unemployed for a time after that firm's closure in 1981, before becoming a youth worker with Dorset County Council's Youth Service, working on initiatives to help the young unemployed.[8][16] That position being an unpaid "volunteer" one, Ashdown was at the time classified as "long-term unemployed", having applied unsuccessfully for 150 jobs.[21]

Member of Parliament[edit]

At the 1979 general election, which returned the Conservatives to power, Ashdown regained second place, establishing a clear lead of 9% over the Labour candidate.[22] The Conservative majority of 11,382[22] was still large enough to be regarded as a safe seat when the sitting MP John Peyton stood down at the 1983 general election to be made a life peer. Ashdown had gained momentum after his years of local campaigning.[23] The Labour vote fell to only 5.5% and Ashdown won the seat with a majority of over 3,000,[24] a swing from the Conservatives of 11.9% against a national swing of 4% to the Conservatives.[25]

In Parliament[edit]

Ashdown had long been on his party's social democratic wing, supporting the 1977 Lib–Lab pact,[15] and the SDP–Liberal Alliance. In the early 1980s, he was a prominent campaigner against the deployment in Europe of American nuclear-armed cruise missiles, describing them at a Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament rally in Hyde Park in 1983 as "the front end of the whole anti-nuclear struggle. It is the weapon we have to stop."[26]

Shortly after entering the House of Commons, he was appointed SDP–Liberal Alliance spokesman on trade and industry and then on education.[16] He opposed the privatisation of the Royal Ordnance Factories in 1984, criticised the Thatcher government in 1986 for allowing the United States to bomb Libya from UK bases, and campaigned against the loss of trade union rights by workers at GCHQ in 1987.[15]

Leader of Liberal Democrats[edit]

Ashdown in Chippenham during the 1992 general election campaign

When the Liberal Party merged in 1988 with the Social Democrats to form the Social and Liberal Democrats (name shortened in 1989 to "Liberal Democrats"), he was elected as the new party's leader and made a Privy Councillor in January 1989.[27]

Ashdown led the Liberal Democrats into two general elections, in 1992 and 1997, and three European Parliament elections, in 1989, 1994 and 1999. The Lib Dems failed to win any seats in the 1989 European Parliament election. They recorded a net loss of two seats in the 1992 general election when the party was still recovering from the after-effects of the 1988 merger. In 1994, the party gained its first two Members of the European Parliament.[28] At the 1997 election, the Liberal Democrats won 46 seats, their best performance since the Liberal Party in the 1920s. However, they took a smaller share of the vote than in the 1992 election.[29] While the Liberal Democrats vote share decreased in the 1999 European Parliament election, the move from first-past-the-post to the D'Hondt method saw the party make a net gain of 8 seats.[30]

Between 1993 and 1997, he was a notable proponent of cooperation between the Liberal Democrats and "New Labour" and had regular secret meetings with Tony Blair to discuss the possibility of a coalition government. This was despite Labour's opinion poll showings from late 1992 onwards, virtually all suggesting that they would gain a majority at the next election, particularly in the first year or so of Blair's leadership following his appointment in mid-1994. The discussions began in early 1993, while the party was still being led by Blair's predecessor John Smith, who died suddenly in May 1994. After Blair was elected as Labour leader, the talks continued.[31]

There was no need for a coalition, as the 1997 general election ended in a Labour landslide victory. The election also saw a breakthrough for the Liberal Democrats despite receiving fewer votes than in 1992; they increased their representation from 18 to 46. A "Joint Cabinet Committee" (JCC), including senior Labour and Liberal Democrat politicians, was then created to discuss the implementation of the two parties' shared priorities for constitutional reform; its remit was later expanded to include other issues on which Blair and Ashdown saw scope for cooperation between the two parties. Ashdown's successor as Liberal Democrat leader, Charles Kennedy, deliberately allowed the JCC to slip into abeyance until it effectively stopped meeting.[32]

Resignation and peerage[edit]

Ashdown announced his intention to resign as Leader of the Liberal Democrats on 20 January 1999,[33] departing on 9 August that year following 11 years in the role, and was succeeded by Charles Kennedy.[34] In mid-1999, there was speculation that he would be appointed the new secretary general of NATO; his lack of governmental experience meant that doubts were raised about his suitability. The post was ultimately filled by defence secretary George Robertson.[35][36][37]

He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 2000[38] and after retiring from the Commons one month previously, he was created a life peer, the peerage being gazetted on 16 July 2001 as that of as Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon, of Norton-sub-Hamdon in the County of Somerset.[39] In the 2001 election, the Yeovil seat was retained for the Liberal Democrats by David Laws. Likewise, in 2001, the University of Bath conferred on Ashdown an honorary Doctor of Laws degree.[40]

He was the subject of This Is Your Life in 2001, when he was surprised by Michael Aspel at BBC Television Centre.[41]

High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Ashdown and Colin Powell
Ashdown (second from right) with US secretary of state Colin Powell in 2004
Ashdown and Donald Rumsfeld
Ashdown accepting the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service from US defence secretary Donald Rumsfeld in 2004

After leaving frontline British politics, he accepted the post of the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina on 27 May 2002,[42] reflecting his long-time advocacy of international intervention in that region. He succeeded Wolfgang Petritsch in the position created under the Dayton Agreement. During his time as High Representative between 2002 and 2006,[43] he strengthened the central state institutions, brought in statewide legal bodies such as the State Investigation and Protection Agency and brought the two ethnic armies under a central civilian command, and moved Bosnia-Herzegovina toward EU integration.[43][44] He was sometimes denigrated as "the Viceroy of Bosnia" by critics of his work as High Representative.[45][46]

Witness for the prosecution at Milošević trial[edit]

On 14 March 2002, Ashdown testified as a witness for the prosecution at the trial of Slobodan Milošević at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.[47] He said that he was on the Kosovo–Albania border near Junik in June 1998.[47] From this location, through his binoculars, Ashdown claimed to have seen Serbian forces shelling several villages.[47]

In July 2005, a defence witness, General Božidar Delić, claimed by demonstrating with a topographical map of the area that Ashdown could not have been able to see the areas that he claimed to be able to see as hills, mountains and thick woods would have obstructed his view.[48]

After the Delić claims, Ashdown supplied the Tribunal with grid coordinates and a cross-section of the ground indicating that he could see the locations concerned.[49] These coordinates indicated he was on the Kosovo–Albania border, which was a sealed border at the time.[49] The prosecution also used new maps and topographical cross-sections indicating Ashdown's location, but their accuracy was challenged by Delić, for the location of a village was different from that shown in other maps of the area.[49]


Ashdown in 2016

In retirement, Ashdown became a regular voice for the Liberal Democrats. He publicly supported military strikes in Syria in 2013 and said he was ashamed after Parliament voted against them.[50] At the 2015 general election he appeared on the BBC soon after the announcement of the exit poll which predicted that the Liberal Democrats would be reduced from 57 MPs to 10. Ashdown said he would eat his hat if the exit poll was correct. The result was that the Liberal Democrats returned eight MPs, but the technical difference from the exit poll was not enough to save him from several requests to carry out his vow. Some commentators suggested humorously that this was an example of Liberal Democrats breaking their promises in response to U-turns conducted in the coalition government.[51] The following day after the election, on the BBC's Question Time programme, Ashdown was presented with a chocolate hat that he later ate.[52]

Offer of Cabinet post[edit]

In June 2007, the BBC reported that Ashdown had been offered and rejected the Cabinet post of Northern Ireland secretary by incoming Labour Party prime minister Gordon Brown. Liberal Democrat leader Sir Menzies Campbell had already ruled out the idea that members of his party would take seats in a Brown Cabinet, but, according to the reports, Brown still approached Ashdown with the offer.[53]

Offer of Afghanistan post[edit]

Ashdown was later asked by US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice and Prime Minister Gordon Brown to take charge of the Allied effort in Afghanistan,[54][55] though an unnamed source is quoted in a January 2008 Reuters report indicating that Ashdown was also approached by UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon and met with the Afghan president Hamid Karzai secretly in Kuwait to discuss the post which he later accepted.[56] He later decided against taking the role after gleaning that Afghanistan preferred General Sir John McColl over him.[57] On 7 March, Norwegian diplomat Kai Eide was appointed as the UN representative for Afghanistan, stating "I'm not Paddy Ashdown, but don't under-estimate me."[58]

Other positions[edit]

Ashdown was a member of the Governing Council of Interpeace, an international peacebuilding organisation,[59] and also served as President of Chatham House.[60] He later chaired the Liberal Democrats' 2015 general election team.[61]

In 2016, Ashdown founded More United alongside several other public figures in the aftermath of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum.[62] More United is a liberal and progressive cross-party political movement.[62]

Personal life[edit]

Ashdown married Jane Courtenay in 1962. The couple had a son, Simon; a daughter, Katharine; and three grandchildren. In 1992, following the press becoming aware of a stolen document relating to a divorce case, he disclosed a five-month affair with his secretary, Patricia Howard, five years earlier from which he acquired the press nickname "Paddy Pantsdown".[63] His career and marriage both survived the political and tabloid storm, with his wife forgiving him.[15][64]

Ashdown supported Yeovil Town.[65] He was a member of the National Liberal Club.[66]

Death and funeral[edit]

Ashdown was diagnosed with bladder cancer in October 2018.[67][68] He died on 22 December at Southmead Hospital in Bristol,[69] at the age of 77.[68]

On 10 January 2019, a funeral service was held at Church of St Mary the Virgin, Norton-sub-Hamdon,[70] and he was buried in the churchyard.[69] A service of thanksgiving was held for him at Westminster Abbey on 10 September.[71][72]

Honours and awards[edit]

Parliamentary portrait by Chris McAndrew, March 2018


Ribbon Description Date
Companion of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) 31 December 2014[73]
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) 31 December 2005[74]
Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE) 16 June 2000[75]


In popular culture[edit]

Ashdown was portrayed by Donald Sumpter in the 2015 Channel 4 television film Coalition.[77]

Published works[edit]

  • — (2000). The Ashdown Diaries 1988–1997. Vol. 1. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-029775-8.
  • — (2002) [2001]. The Ashdown Diaries 1997–1999. Vol. 2. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-029776-6.
  • — (2008) [2007]. Swords and Ploughshares: Building Peace in the 21st Century. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-85303-9.
  • — (2010) [2009]. A Fortunate Life: The Autobiography of Paddy Ashdown. London: Aurum. ISBN 978-1-84513-419-8.
  • — (2015) [2011]. The Cruel Victory: The French Resistance, D-Day and the Battle for the Vercors 1944. London: William Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-752081-7.
  • — (2012). A Brilliant Little Operation: The Cockleshell Heroes and the Most Courageous Raid of World War 2. London: Aurum. ISBN 978-1-84513-701-4.
  • — (2017) [2016]. Game of Spies – The Secret Agent, the Traitor and the Nazi. London: William Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-814084-7.
  • — (2018). Nein!: Standing Up to Hitler 1935–1944. London: William Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-825704-0.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ During the 1940 Dunkirk retreat, John Ashdown ignored an order to abandon the men of the 32nd Animal Transport Company (Mule) under his command, instead leading them to the port and on to one of the last ships to leave, without losing a single man. Although court-martialled for disobeying orders, he was exonerated and rose to the rank of colonel by the war's end.[11]


  1. ^ "No. 61092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2014. p. N28.
  2. ^ "Experience for Lord Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon". MPs and Lords. UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Paddy Ashdown: 'Learning six languages has changed my life'". The Guardian. 14 October 2014. I reply I have forgotten six … Malay … local language … among the Dayak people … two years learning Mandarin Chinese … [t]hen came German (briefly), French and Bosnian.
  4. ^ a b "Five facts about Paddy Ashdown". Reuters. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Curriculum Vitae: Paddy Ashdown". Office of the High Representative (OHR) and EU Special Representative (EUSR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 27 May 2002. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  6. ^ Kavanagh, Dennis (1998). "Ashdown, Paddy". A Dictionary of Political Biography. Oxford University Press. p. 20. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2017.[ISBN missing]
  7. ^ "Birthdays". The Guardian. 27 February 2014. p. 33.[full citation needed]
  8. ^ a b "Action man bows out". BBC News. 9 August 1999. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  9. ^ "Burke's Peerage – The Official Website".
  10. ^ "Officers of the Indian Army 1939–1945 – A". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  11. ^ Wintour, Patrick (8 November 2000). "Ashdown tells how father stood by Indian troops". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  12. ^ a b c d Sale, Jonathan (18 October 2001). "An education in the life of Lord Ashdown: 'I was bullied early on, but then I learnt to fight'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 23 November 2007.[dead link]
  13. ^ a b c d Hamilton, Fiona (12 April 2009). "Lover, commando, spy – the making of Paddy Ashdown". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 19 April 2009.
  14. ^ Waugh, Paul (4 May 2010). "Paddy Ashdown. Secret Agent". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010. I actually served in the Secret Intelligence Service.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Roth, Andrew (19 March 2001). "Sir Paddy Ashdown". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
  16. ^ a b c "Who's Who: Lord Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon GCMG KBE". Liberal Democrats. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  17. ^ Flintoff, John-Paul (24 October 2003). "Bridge builder". Financial Times. Retrieved 23 November 2007.[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974: Yeovil". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 27 October 2003. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  19. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974: Yeovil". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 31 August 2003. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  20. ^ Craig, F.W.S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester, UK: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  21. ^ Williams, Zoe (16 September 2016). "Paddy Ashdown: 'I turned to my wife and said, it's not our country any more'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  22. ^ a b "UK General Election results May 1979: Yeovil". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 March 2004. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  23. ^ Criddle, Byron and Robert Waller (2002). Almanac of British Politics. Routledge. p. 841. ISBN 0-415-26833-8.
  24. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983: Yeovil". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 17 May 2004. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  25. ^ "Lord Paddy Ashdown Politician and Elder Statesman". Champions plc. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  26. ^ Lewis, Julian (28 November 1996). "Nuclear record hard to defend". Western Gazette. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  27. ^ "Privy Councillors". Leigh Rayment's Privy Councillors Pages. Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  28. ^ "The European Elections in 1994". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  29. ^ "1997: Blair's landslide". BBC News. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  30. ^ "Euro Elections, Results – Great Britain and Northern Ireland". BBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  31. ^ "Breaking politics and political news for Westminster and the UK –". Archived from the original on 9 May 2010.
  32. ^ Grice, Andrew and Marie Woolf (22 September 2003). "Charles Kennedy: 'There's a change in the way politics is conducted. Outside Westminster, nobody talks of left and right'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 24 February 2011.[dead link]
  33. ^ "Ashdown to quit as leader". BBC News. 20 January 1999. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  34. ^ "Kennedy to lead Lib Dems". BBC News. 9 August 1999. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  35. ^ Fitchett, Joseph (15 July 1999). "Paddy Ashdown of Britain Is Seen by Some As Leading Candidate for Secretary-General : Hunt for NATO Chief Moves Into New Phase". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  36. ^ Ulbrich, Jeffrey (16 July 1999). "Secretary-general sought by NATO". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  37. ^ Whitney, Craig R. (31 July 1999). "Britain Nominates Its Defense Secretary to Be Head of NATO". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  38. ^ "No. 55879". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 2000. p. 7.
  39. ^ "No. 56275". The London Gazette. 16 July 2011. p. 8373.
  40. ^ "Honorary Graduates 2000 to 2009". University of Bath. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  41. ^ "This Is Your Life: Paddy Ashdown". Archived from the original on 18 September 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  42. ^ Todorovic, Alex (27 May 2002). "Ashdown takes over in Bosnia". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 November 2007.[dead link]
  43. ^ a b O'Reilly, Maria (1 December 2012). "Muscular Interventionism". International Feminist Journal of Politics. 14 (4): 529–548. doi:10.1080/14616742.2012.726096. ISSN 1461-6742. S2CID 146823558.
  44. ^ "High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina Briefs Security Council, Noting Recent Transfer to Hague of Five Major War Crime Indictees" (Press release). United Nations. 23 March 2005. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  45. ^ Steyn, Mark (7 July 2002). "Message from America: we're independent". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  46. ^ White, Michael (22 June 2007). "Team Gordon: Michael White suggests his dream team for a Brown cabinet". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  47. ^ a b c "Milošević trial transcript 14 March 2002 Page 2331 Line 24". United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 5 March 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  48. ^ "Milošević trial transcript 7 July 2005 Page 42036 Line 7", retrieved 4 March 2021; "12 July 2005 Page 42205 Line 1". United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Archived from the original on 19 April 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  49. ^ a b c "Milošević trial transcript 28 September 2005 Page 44684 Line 1". United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 5 March 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  50. ^ Carter, Claire (30 August 2013). "Syria crisis: Paddy Ashdown 'ashamed' of Britain over Commons vote". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  51. ^ "Video: Paddy Ashdown: I will 'eat my hat' if that poll is right". The Telegraph. 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 10 May 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  52. ^ Prince, Rosa (9 May 2015). "Lord Ashdown and Alastair Campbell forced to eat their (chocolate) hat and kilt". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  53. ^ "Brown offered Ashdown Cabinet job". BBC News. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
  54. ^ Reynolds, Paul (12 December 2007). "Dismantling the Taleban is the aim". BBC News. Retrieved 23 November 2007. The name of Lord (Paddy) Ashdown, who ran Bosnia-Herzegovina after the civil war, has been mentioned.
  55. ^ Abramowitz, Michael and Peter Baker (17 December 2007). "Bush Faces Pressure to Shift War Priorities: As Iraq Calms, Focus Turns to Afghanistan". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 November 2007. European newspapers have focused on Paddy Ashdown, a British politician and envoy, but a former senior military officer said his appointment would be considered controversial and seems unlikely.
  56. ^ Abramowitz, Michael and Peter Baker (16 January 2008). "Ashdown accepts job as U.N. Afghan envoy". Reuters. Retrieved 16 January 2008. Yes, he has accepted the job.
  57. ^ "Ashdown pulls out of Afghan role". BBC News. 27 January 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  58. ^ Leithead, Alastair (28 March 2008). "UN's new Afghan envoy begins work". BBC News. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  59. ^ "Governing Council". Interpeace. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  60. ^ "Patrons, Presidents, Council and Directors". Chatham House. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  61. ^ "Paddy Ashdown to chair Lib Dem 2015 election team". BBC News. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  62. ^ a b Shead, Sam (24 July 2016). "Paddy Ashdown has launched a tech-driven political startup called More United that will crowdfund MPs across all parties". Business Insider. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  63. ^ Boniface, Susie (21 October 2000). "Wife knew about 'Paddy Pantsdown' affair". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  64. ^ Ward, Lucy (21 January 1999). "End of the Ashdown era". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
  65. ^ Cowlin, Chris (5 December 2007). Celebrities' Favourite Football Teams. Essex: Apex Publishing Ltd. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-904444-84-8.
  66. ^ "National Liberal Club elects its first ever woman chairman". Liberal Democratic Voice. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  67. ^ Heffer, Greg (2 November 2018). "Ex-Liberal Democrat leader Paddy Ashdown diagnosed with bladder cancer". Sky News. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  68. ^ a b "Ex-Lib Dem leader Paddy Ashdown dies aged 77". BBC News. 22 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  69. ^ a b Campbell, John M. (10 March 2022). "Ashdown, Jeremy John Durham [Paddy], Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon (1941–2018), politician". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.90000380402. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  70. ^ "Paddy Ashdown's funeral held in Somerset". BBC News. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  71. ^ Davies, Caroline (10 September 2019). "'A man for ideals': former PMs pay tribute to Paddy Ashdown". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  72. ^ "Lord Ashdown remembered". Westminster Abbey. 10 September 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  73. ^ "Ashdown recognised in honours list". BBC News. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  74. ^ "No. 57855". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2005. p. N3.
  75. ^ "In Depth | Birthday Honours 2000 | GBEs to KBEs". BBC News. 16 June 2000. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  76. ^ "No. 56275". The London Gazette. 16 July 2001. p. 8373.
  77. ^ McGurk, Stuart (18 March 2015). "Channel 4's Coalition drama: who's who?". GQ. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2021.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Yeovil
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Liberal Democrats
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Succeeded by
New office European Union Special Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina