From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Thylogale billardierii.jpg
Tasmanian pademelon, Thylogale billardierii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Family: Macropodidae
Subfamily: Macropodinae
Genus: Thylogale
Gray, 1837
Type species
Halmaturus (Thylogale) eugenii
Gray, 1837
(=Halmaturus thetis Lesson, 1828)

7, see text

Pademelons are small, furry, hopping mammals in the genus Thylogale, found in Australia and New Guinea. They are some of the smallest members of the macropod family (Macropodidae), which includes the similar-looking but larger kangaroos and wallabies. Pademelons are distinguished by their small size and their short, thick, and sparsely-haired tails. Like other marsupials, they carry their young in a pouch.

The word "pademelon" comes from the word badimaliyan in Dharug, an Aboriginal language spoken near what is now Sydney, Australia.[citation needed] The scientific name Thylogale uses the Greek words for "pouch" and "weasel."[2]


Image Scientific name Distribution
Tasmanian Pademelon - Waterworks reserve.jpg Tasmanian pademelon or red-bellied pademelon, Thylogale billardierii Tasmanian Pademelon area.png
Brown's pademelon, Thylogale browni Brown's Pademelon area.png
Macropodidae Thylogale brunii 3.jpg Dusky pademelon, Thylogale brunii Dusky Pademelon area.png
Calaby's pademelon, Thylogale calabyi Calaby's Pademelon area.png
Mountain pademelon, Thylogale lanatus Mountain Pademelon area.png
Red-legged Pademelon. Thylogale stigmatica wilcoxi - Flickr - gailhampshire (1).jpg Red-legged pademelon, Thylogale stigmatica Red-legged Pademelon area.png
Red-necked Pademelon JCB.jpg Red-necked pademelon, Thylogale thetis Red-necked Pademelon area.png

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Red-legged pademelons can be found in the coastal regions of Queensland and New South Wales, and in south-central New Guinea. In some areas, their range has been drastically reduced.

The red-bellied or Tasmanian pademelon is abundant in Tasmania, although it was once found throughout the southeastern parts of mainland Australia.[3]

The dusky pademelon lives in New Guinea and surrounding islands. It was previously called the Aru Islands wallaby. Before that, it was called the philander ("friend of man"), which is the name it bears in the second volume of Cornelis de Bruijn's Travels, originally published in 1711; the Latin name of this species is called after De Bruijn.[4][5]

The natural habitat of the pademelon is in thick scrubland or dense forested undergrowth. They also make tunnels through long grasses and bushes in swampy country.[citation needed]


Pademelon meat used to be considered valuable and was eaten by settlers and Aboriginals.[6][7]

Aside from being killed for their meat and soft fur, their numbers have been reduced by the introduction of non-native predators such as feral cats, feral dogs, and red foxes. The rabbit explosion has also caused problems as rabbits graze on the same grasses, making less available for the pademelons. Clearing of land for urbanisation has pushed the larger wallabies and kangaroos onto land that previously was occupied by pademelons with little competition.[8]

Tasmanian pademelons were important to the thylacines' diet, and they are still preyed on by quolls, Tasmanian devils, and wedge-tailed eagles. Despite these predators, Tasmania and its outlying smaller islands have large numbers of pademelons and every year many are culled to keep their numbers sustainable.[9]


  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Rose, R.W.; Rose, R.K. (25 September 2018). "Thylogale billardierii (Diprotodontia: Macropodidae)". Mammalian Species. 50 (965): 100–108. doi:10.1093/mspecies/sey012.
  3. ^ Rose, R.W.; McCartney, D.J. (1982). "Reproduction of the Red-Bellied Pademelon, Thylogale billardierii (Marsupialia)" (PDF). Australian Wildlife Research. 9: 27–32. doi:10.1071/wr9820027. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  4. ^ on Cornelis de Bruijn, by Jona Lendering.
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Filander" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ Driessen, Michael M. (1992). Effects of hunting and rainfall on Bennett's wallaby and Tasmanian pademelon populations (Thesis). University of Tasmania. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  7. ^ Milks, Annemieke (9 September 2020). "A Review of Ethnographic Use of Wooden Spears and Implications for Pleistocene Hominin Hunting". Open Quaternary. 6 (1). doi:10.5334/oq.85. ISSN 2055-298X.
  8. ^ Wiggins, Natasha L.; Williamson, Grant J.; McCallum, Hamish I.; McMahon, Clive R.; Bowman, David M. J. S. (2010). "Shifts in macropod home ranges in response to wildlife management interventions". Wildlife Research. CSIRO Publishing. 37 (5): 379. doi:10.1071/wr09144. ISSN 1035-3712.
  9. ^ "ABC News". Annual wallaby cull draws criticism. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2021.