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|• Mayor||Michael Dreier (CDU)|
|• Total||179.38 km2 (69.26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||94-347 m (−1,044 ft)|
|• Density||830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||05251, 05252, 05254, 05293|
Paderborn (German pronunciation: [paːdɐˈbɔʁn] (listen)) is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. The name of the city derives from the river Pader and "born", an old German term for the source of a river. The river Pader originates in more than 200 springs near Paderborn Cathedral, where St. Liborius is buried.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Government
- 7 Sports
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Education
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Surnames
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 Further reading
- 15 External links
Paderborn was founded as a bishopric by Charlemagne in 795, although its official history began in 777 when Charlemagne built a castle near the Pader springs. In 799 Pope Leo III fled his enemies in Rome and reached Paderborn, where he met Charlemagne, and stayed there for three months. It was during this time that it was decided that Charlemagne would be crowned emperor. Charlemagne reinstated Leo in Rome in 800 and was crowned as Holy Roman Emperor by Leo in return. In 836, St. Liborius became the patron saint of Paderborn after his bones were moved there from Le Mans by Bishop Badurad. St. Liborius is commemorated in Paderborn every year in July with the Liborifest.
In 1930, the See of Paderborn was promoted to archdiocese.
During World War II, Paderborn was bombed by Allied aircraft in 1944 and 1945, resulting in 85% destruction, including many of the historic buildings. It was seized by the US 3rd Armored Division after a pitched battle 31 March - 1 April 1945, in which tanks and flamethrowers were used during combined mechanized-infantry assaults against the city's southwestern, southern and southeastern approaches.
After the city was reconstructed in the 1940s and 1950s, Paderborn became a major industrial seat in Westphalia. The British Army has retained a significant presence in the area, and uses the nearby Sennelager Training Area.
Paderborn is situated at the source of the river Pader, approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Lippstadt and approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Bielefeld on the Pader. The hills of the Eggegebirge are located east of the city.
The city of Paderborn consists of the following Stadtteile (city sections):
Paderborn has a population of over 144,000, of which approximately 10% are students at the local university. Additionally, about 10,000 members or relatives of members of the British armed forces live within Westfalen Garrison, but are not included in the nominal population size.
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
|Serbia and Montenegro||573|
60% of the population are Catholics, 20% Lutherans and 20% "other".
Paderborn is the headquarters of the former Nixdorf Computer AG, which was acquired by Siemens in the early 1990s and known as Siemens-Nixdorf for about 10 years. The company is now known as Wincor Nixdorf, which is still located in Paderborn, but Siemens retains a considerable presence in the city.
Many other information technology companies as well as industrial enterprises are located in Paderborn, too:
- Benteler AG (steel/tube, automotive, trade)
- Claas (farm machines)
- Deutsche Bahn AG (vehicle maintenance)
- dSPACE GmbH (engineering tools)
- Fujitsu Technology Solutions
- Orga Systems GmbH
- Secure Computing Corporation
- Siemens AG (Siemens IT Solutions and Services)
- Zuken (PCB EMC Analysis and Design Software)
Arts and culture
The town supports the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie for regular symphony concerts in the Paderhalle.
The city is known today for its exhibitions in three museums: the Kaiserpfalz, The Diocesian Museum and the Art Museum - Städtische Galerie.
Saint George's church, Paderborn
Paderborn is a sister city with:
- Le Mans, France, officially since 1967, traditionally since 836 (oldest partnership of its kind)
- Bolton, United Kingdom, since 1975
- Belleville, Illinois, U.S., since 1990
- Pamplona, Spain, since 1992
- Przemyśl, Poland, since 1993
- Debrecen, Hungary, since 1994
- Qingdao, China, since 2003
Paderborn is nationally known as a center for American Sports. The local baseball team, the Paderborn Untouchables, has won many German championships. The local American Football team, the Paderborn Dolphins, has also enjoyed considerable success. In 2006 the Paderborn Baskets, the home basketball team of the city was promoted to the Bundesliga.
Paderborn Baskets (basketball)
SC Paderborn 07 (football)
SC Paderborn 07 is a German football club based in Paderborn. Promoted from the 2. Bundesliga due to a very successful 2013/2014 campaign, the team advanced to the Bundesliga, Germany's top flight, but remained there for just one year.
The club was formed out of the 1985 merger of FC Paderborn and TuS Schloß Neuhaus as TuS Paderborn-Neuhaus and took on its current, shorter name in 1997. The Neuhaus club was founded in 1907 as SV 07 Neuhaus which was joined by the local side TuS 1910 Sennelager to become TuS Schloss Neuhaus in 1970. The Neuhaus and Paderborn teams played as tier III sides for most of their histories, as has the unified club. Today Paderborn plays its home matches at the Benteler Arena.
The Paderborn Lippstadt Airport connects Paderborn to the bigger German airports and offers flights to many locations in Europe. There is a bus shuttle between the airport and the Paderborn main train station. General Aviation and gliders are based at Paderborn-Haxterberg (site of the world gliding championships in 1981).
In Paderborn there is a bus system served by the PaderSprinter for local buses and the Bahnbus Hochstift for regional buses.
Paderborn was once the oldest academic site in Westphalia. In 1614, the University of Paderborn was founded by the Jesuits but was closed in 1819. It was re-founded in 1972 as Universität-Gesamthochschule and transformed into a university in its own right in 2002. Today, it is attended by about 20,000 students.
Additionally, there are several theological and private academic institutes in Paderborn.
There are a number of grammar schools in the city, the most prominent of which are the Theodorianum and St. Michael Gymnasium, along with others such as the Goerdeler-Gymnasium. There are also a few British primary schools such as John Buchan School, which is located in Sennelager and mainly educates children of British military personnel and the garrison's employees.
- Heinrich Aldegrever (1502 - ?1558?), Copper cutter, painter and seal cutter
- Carl Ferdinand Fabritius (1637 – 1673) was a painter in the Bishopric of Paderborn
- Franz Anton Cramer (1776 – 1829) was a German apothecary in Paderborn. Adlerapotheke at the Paderborn market. His generous support enabled the discovery of morphine.
- Sophie Schröder (1781-1868), singer and actress, the daughter of an actor, Gottfried Bürger. She made her first appearance in opera at St Petersburg in 1793
- Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Sertürner (1783-1841), pharmacist, first to isolate morphine from opium
- Therese Overstolz (1790-1862) mother of Henry Overstolz (1821–1887) the 24th mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
- Joseph Hermann Schmidt (1804-1852), Paderborn physician, director, Charité Birth Department, Berlin
- George Henry Backhaus (1811 in Paderborn – 1882) was a Catholic priest and one of nine children of a boot merchant, missionary
- Franz von Löher (1818-1892), politician, jurist and historian
- Christoph Ernst Friedrich von Forcade de Biaix (1821-1891), owner of the estate, judge and member of the German Reichstag
- Julius von Ficker (1826-1902), German-Austrian historian
- Joseph F. Rigge S.J. (1842-1913) was the first president of Marquette College (now Marquette University) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Klara Cramer (1844–96) from Paderborn; mother of Hermann Löns (1866 – 1914) journalist and writer.
- Aloys Loeher (1850–1904) was an American sculptor, exhibited at the 1893 Columbian Exposition
- Karl von Plettenberg (1852-1938), a Prussian officer and later General of Infantry during World War I
- Clemens Baeumker (1853-1924), a Catholic philosopher and philosophy historian
- Augustus F. Fechteler (1857–1921) was a Rear Admiral of the United States Navy during World War I
- Ella Bergmann-Michel (1895-1971), painter, photographer and documentary filmmaker
- Gustav Simon (1900 – 1945 in Paderborn) was Nazi Gauleiter in the Moselland Gau from 1940 until 1944 and Chief of the Civil Administration in occupied Luxembourg.
- Josef Wirmer (1901-1944), jurist and resistance fighter against national socialism
- Friedrich Wilhelm Christians (1922-2004), a German banker, who was co-head of Deutsche Bank and President of the Association of German Banks
- Heinz Nixdorf (1925-1986), computer pioneer, entrepreneur and founder of Nixdorf Computer AG.
- Werner Franke (born 1940), professor of cell and molecular biology
- Ulrich Vogt (born 1941), teacher and non-fiction author
- Mechtild Rothe (born 1947), politician (SPD) and Member of the European Parliament
- Klaus Ehl (born 1949), athlete (sprinter)
- Hans-Günther Vosseler (born 1949), swimmer
- Franz-Josef Bode (born 1951) bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Osnabruck since 1995
- Andreas Fischer (footballer) (born 1964), football player
- Rüdiger Hoffmann (born 1964), cabaret artist and musician
- Günter Kutowski (born 1965) retired footballer who played as a defender for Borussia Dortmund
- Martin Driller (born 1970), footballer
- Bernd Hüttemann (born 1970), is Vice President of the European Movement International and Secretary General of the European Movement Germany.
- Stefan Gödde (born 1975), television presenter, radio presenter and reporter.
- Reiner Plaßhenrich (born 1976), footballer and coach
- Judith Rakers (born 1976), journalist and television supporter (ARD)
- Carsten Linnemann (born 1977), economist and politician, member of the CDU, a member of the German Bundestag since 2009 representing Paderborn – Gütersloh III.
- Jasmin Glaesser (born 1992), moved to Canada at the age of eight, now Canadian cyclist
- Alexander Nübel (born 1996), German footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Schalke 04
The most common surnames in Paderborn and their frequencies as of 2014:
- 1. Müller (1:115)
- 2. Koch (1:170)
- 3. Schmidt (1:171)
- 4. Meyer (1:212)
- 5. Becker (1:221)
- 6. Schäfers (1:227)
- 7. Schulte (1:235)
- 8. Schneider (1:311)
- 9. Schröder (1:313)
- 10. Meier (1:324)
- 10. Vogt (1:324)
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
- "Duden dictionary". Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Ed. Heribert Zelder, Tourist Information Services, Welcome to Paderborn, Stadt Paderborn: Paderborn, Germany, 2009.
- Ed. Heribert Zelder, Tourist Information Services, Welcome to Paderborn, Stadt Paderborn: Paderborn, Germany, 2009.
- Stanton, Shelby, World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939-1946 (Revised Edition, 2006), p. 52
- CREDO in Paderborn - Medieval Histories 2013: 9 ISBN 978-87-92858-11-5
- Lelièvre, Jean; Balavoine, Maurice (1994). Le Mans-Paderborn, 836-1994: dans l'Europe, une amitié séculaire, un sillage de lumière. Le Mans: M. Balavoine. pp. 1–42. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- "The Origins of Town Twinning" (PDF). Inverness: The City of Inverness Town Twinning Committee. 8 December 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
- Most common surnames in Paderborn
- John M. Jeep, ed. (2001). "Paderborn". Medieval Germany: an Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8240-7644-3.
- Media related to Paderborn at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Paderborn.|
- Official website (in German)
- Paderborn region website —(in German)
- Ordinances of the "Fürstbistum Paderborn" online—(in German)
- Homepage of the annual RoboCup competition—(in English)
- University of Paderborn—(in German)
- Basketball: Paderborn Baskets—(in German)
- Introduction to the History of Paderborn—(in English)