Paderborn (district)

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Paderborn
Flag of Paderborn
Flag
Coat of arms of Paderborn
Coat of arms
North rhine w PB.svg
Country Germany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionDetmold
Founded1975
CapitalPaderborn
Government
 • District admin.Manfred Müller (CDU)
Area
 • Total1,245.27 km2 (480.80 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2016)[1]
 • Total305,198
 • Density250/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationPB
Websitekreis-paderborn.de

Paderborn (German pronunciation: [paːdɐˈbɔʁn]) is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Gütersloh, Lippe, Höxter, Hochsauerland, and Soest.

History[edit]

Paderborn was part of the Bishopric of Paderborn until it was included into Prussia in 1802. After the Napoleonic wars when Prussia created the province Westphalia it also created five districts roughly covering the area of the previous state - Brakel, Büren, Höxter, Paderborn and Warburg. In 1975 Paderborn and Büren districts were merged to the current Paderborn district. At the same time the towns and municipalities in the district were merged to form today's ten towns and municipalities. It is a rural district with urban municipalities.

Geography[edit]

The Paderborn district is located at the western slope of the Teutoburg Forest, west of the Eggegebirge. The highest elevation is on the side of the Totenkopf (498 m) at the district border near Bleiwäsche (Bad Wünnenberg), the lowest near Delbrück at 77 m. The main river in the district is the Lippe, which has its source in Bad Lippspringe.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms

The red cross in chief of the coat of arms symbolizes the clerical state Paderborn, the historic precursor of today's district. The wave line below stands for the rivers in the district, especially the Lippe River. The symbol in the field derives from the Lords of Büren.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns and municipalities in Kreis Paderborn
Towns Municipalities
  1. Bad Lippspringe
  2. Bad Wünnenberg
  3. Büren
  4. Delbrück
  1. Lichtenau
  2. Paderborn
  3. Salzkotten
  1. Altenbeken
  2. Borchen
  3. Hövelhof

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°42′36″N 8°44′24″E / 51.71000°N 8.74000°E / 51.71000; 8.74000