Padhar

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The Padhar (Sindhi: پڌڙ‎) are a Hindu caste found in the state of Gujarat in India.[1]

History and origin[edit]

The Padhar are distributed in six villages in Surandarnagar and four villages in Ahmadabad District. Their main villages are Shahpur, Sahiyal, Dharji, Devadthal, Nam Katechi, Ranagadh, Ralal, Parali, Parnala, Godi and Anandpur. They claim to have originated in Sindh, and their existence is due to the grace of Hinglaj mata, a Hindu goddess. The Padhar have been given scheduled caste status, and speak Gujarati. According to some traditions, they were originally Kolis, although this claim is denied by the Kolis.[2]

Present circumstances[edit]

The Padhar community consists of a number of clans, each of which are exogamous. Their main clans are the Domda, Bhuwatra, Samatiya, Pachani, Devthala, Lalni, Tanhada, Sapra, Kanotra, and Dharjiya. The Vatra, Pachani and Lalni clans do not intermarry, as they descend from common ancestor. They are strictly endogamous, and are a Dalit community. The Padhar are mainly small scale peasant farmer, with many are now landless. Many Padhar are fishermen, as their villages lie on the shores of Nal Sarovar lake. Other occupations include grass cutting, root digging which they sell to neighbouring villages. As the Nal Sarovar lake attracts tourists, many also rent out their boats to the tourists.[3]

The Padhar are Hindu and pay special reverence to the goddess Hinglaj Mata. A few have also become members of the Swaminarayan sect.

Ethnic identity and origin[edit]

The members of this tribe are found in small numbers in almost every village bordering of the Nal which lies between the Dholka and Viramgam talukas of the Ahmedabad district and Kathiawar. They are said to be Kolis who were put out of caste for eating dead animals ans shifted to the borders of the Nal.

Distribution of population[edit]

According to census 1991, their total population in Gujarat is 15,896 in various districts of Gujarat.

Family and Clan[edit]

These people are divided into several exogamous clans, some of which are Domba, Bhuwatna, Pachani Lalani, Devthala, Sapru, Kanotara, Vatra and Tarojia

Languages and literacy[edit]

They use Gujarati language in mutual communication. The literacy rate is 11..38 and 1.51 among male and female. Life Cycle and Related Customs The marriage system is adhered too strictly. The bridegroom has to pay a bride-prize of Rs.50 to the girl’s father. If a widow cannot pay this amount to the relations of her decreased husband, she must marry his brother or other near relation.

Dresses and ornaments[edit]

Women wear ordinary cotton sari and ear rings. Men use lion cloth.

Food habits.[edit]

They are non vegetarians


See also[edit]

पधर पधर एक छोटा ता शहर है जहाँ पर सीधे साधे लोग रहते है जो आपना रोजगार अपनी जमींन पर अनाज ऊगा कर जीवंन वातित करते है यह जगह ए न ए च १ ५ ४ पहर नाम से है जो दरंग ब्लोक मैं आता है जिसमें नारला हिमरी गंगा डायना पार्क घोघर धा र बरोट झटीगरी जेशे सता न है

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1054-1060
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1054-1060
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1054-1060