Coordinates: 53°47′49″N 2°18′40″W / 53.797°N 2.311°W / 53.797; -2.311
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Padiham Town Hall in 1994,
designed by Bradshaw Gass & Hope 1938
Padiham is located in the Borough of Burnley
Shown within Burnley Borough
Padiham is located in Lancashire
Location within Lancashire
Area2.46 sq mi (6.4 km2[1]
Population10,098 (2011)[1]
• Density4,105/sq mi (1,585/km2)
OS grid referenceSD7933
Civil parish
  • Padiham
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBURNLEY
Postcode districtBB12
Dialling code01282
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
53°47′49″N 2°18′40″W / 53.797°N 2.311°W / 53.797; -2.311
Church Street looking north from St Leonard's, c. 1900. The Old Black Bull is next to the church. The view has hardly changed, but unlike some others, the street is no longer cobbled.
St Leonard's Church, from Guy Street
Gawthorpe Hall in Padiham. Owned by National Trust but jointly managed with Lancashire County Council.

Padiham (/ˈpædiəm/ PAD-i-əm) is a market town and civil parish on the River Calder, in the Borough of Burnley in Lancashire, England. It is located north west of Burnley, and north east of the towns of Clayton le Moors and Great Harwood. It is edged by the foothills of Pendle Hill to the north-west and north-east. The United Kingdom Census 2011 gave a parish population of 10,098,[1] estimated in 2019 at 10,138.[2]


Early forms of the name include "Padingham", with the last element probably from the Old English word hām, meaning home and ing in this sense meaning "of the". Its first is generally thought to be a personal name (Bede listed Padda as one of the priests who assisted Bishop Wilfrid in the late 7th Century).[3][4]

No prehistoric or Roman sites have been found in the built-up area. Padiham, though a name of Anglo-Saxon origin, is not recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book.[5] Padiham was never a separate manor, its lands largely being held by copyhold tenants of the Manor of Ightenhill, a part of the Honour of Clitheroe. In 1258 there was a single free tenant, one Gilbert de Padiham. The Lord of Clitheroe had established a water-powered corn mill here by 1311.[6] It remained for centuries as a market town, where produce from Pendleside was bought and sold. The town expanded and was redeveloped during the Industrial Revolution. The centre is now a conservation area.

Padiham's population peaked around 1921 at about 14,000, declining to 10,000 in the early 1960s and 8,998 at the time of the 2001 census.[7][8] This reflected how people were moving to the south of England in search of work, after the decline in the traditional cotton, coal and engineering manufacturing industries.

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip first visited Burnley, Nelson and the old Mullard valve factory at Simonstone near Padiham on their post-Coronation tour of Lancashire in 1955.[9]


Padiham, once a township in the parish of Whalley, became a civil parish in 1866.[7] An urban district covered the town from 1894 until 1974, but over this time, some rural areas mainly to the north became a new civil parish, Northtown, as part of Burnley Rural District.[10] The Padiham Green area, hitherto part of Hapton,[a] joined Padiham, with another small area following in 1935.[7] Since 1974 Padiham has formed part of the Borough of Burnley. Initially part of an unparished area, a new Padiham civil parish was formed in late 2001, covering a similar area to the old urban district.[12] A Town Council was instituted in 2002.[13] Further boundary changes in 2004 saw the parish gain more territory in the south from Hapton.[14]

Councillors for Padiham on Burnley Borough Council are elected to the Gawthorpe Ward, which covers most of Padiham, but not Gawthorpe Hall,[15] with southern and eastern areas covered by Hapton with Park Ward.[16] The two wards each elect three councillors, John Harbour and Alun Lewis of the Labour Party and Karen Ingham (Conservative) currently serving Gawthorpe and Joanne Broughton, Alan Hosker, and Jamie McGowan, all of the Conservatives in Hapton with Park.[17] The parish is represented on Lancashire County Council as part of the Padiham & Burnley West division, represented since 2017 by Alan Hosker.[18] The Parliamentary Constituency, Burnley, is currently represented by Antony Higginbotham for the Conservative Party.


According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, the parish had a population of 10,098,[1] an increase from 8,998 in the 2001 census.[19] The town forms part of a wider urban area, which had a population of 149,796 in 2001.[20] A similar but larger, Burnley Built-up area defined in the 2011 census had a population of 149,422.[21]

The racial composition of the town in 2011 was 98.1% White (96.6% White British), 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Black, 0.5% Mixed and 0.1% Other. The largest religious groups were Christian (70.0%) and Muslim (0.6%). 68.3% of adults between the ages of 16 and 74 were classed as economically active and in work.[1]

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 2001 2011
Population 12,205 13,635 12,471 11,633 10,011 10,041 9,899 8,998 10,098
UD (pre-1974)[22] CP (2001 onwards)[19][1]


In the 19th century, Padiham's industry was based on coal-mining and weaving. Helm Mill on Factory Lane was the first mill built in 1807. By 1906 there were twenty cotton mills[23] though the best preserved, now converted into flats, is Victoria Mill in Ightenhill Street, built in 1852–1853 and extended in 1873.[23] Many cotton workers belonged to the Padiham Weavers' Association, whose membership peaked in 1907 at over 6,000.[24][25]

Industrial development was helped by proximity to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, about 2 miles (3.2 km) to the south. By 1848, Padiham had many coal pits around the town, including two large collieries and a number of smaller workings. Availability of coal and water nearby helped to boost the cotton industry.[5] Industry benefited further from the arrival of the railway at Hapton in 1840 and Padiham itself in 1877.[5] The last pit closed about 1870,[26] although mining continued in areas outside the town into the 1950s, and open cast mining took place in the 1960s east of the town close to Gawthorpe Hall, north of the River Calder off Grove Lane.

Since the 1960s, the remaining cotton mills have continued a decline that began in the 1930s. So too has Padiham's role as a manufacturing base since the 1990s. The town's last major employer in the sector, Baxi, closed its factory in March 2007, with a loss of 500 jobs.[27] A modern business park, Shuttleworth Mead,[28] opened in 2001 on the western edge of the town where Padiham Power Station had stood until 1993.[29] The business park has been supported by £2.2 million from the European Regional Development Fund and £2 million from the North West Development Agency.[30] Tenants include Supanet, an internet service provider (ISP) and Graham & Brown, a wall coverings company.

In 2007 Fort Vale Engineering developed a new purpose-built factory, where the old Mullard/Philips site at Calder Vale Park, Simonstone had closed in 2004. Fort Vale Engineering employs some 280 local people and has brought business to other local employers.


There are five significant mansions in the local area: Huntroyde Hall,[31] dating from 1576, and Simonstone Hall, dating from 1660, in nearby Simonstone, are still privately owned. Gawthorpe Hall was donated to the National Trust in 1970, but is jointly managed with Lancashire County Council under a 99-year lease. Gawthorpe is in the Ightenhill district.[32] The National Trust also runs an office and a tearoom in the courtyard of the property.[33][34] Gawthorpe was owned by the Shuttleworth family, which held Shuttleworth Hall near Hapton from the 12th century.[35][36] The current building dates from 1639 and is still a working farm. Read Hall and Park is in the nearby village of Read, about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Padiham on the A671.

St Leonard's Parish Church

St Leonard's Parish Church dates from 1866 to 1869 and is a Grade II listed building.[37] It occupies the site of earlier churches dating back to 1451 or earlier.[38] The original churchyard was smaller in extent than today, being expanded to the northern edge in 1835.[5]

Padiham Town Hall in Burnley Road, built in 1938 to designs by Bradshaw Gass & Hope, is a Grade II listed building.[39]

Padiham Memorial Park at the top of Church Street, was designed by Thomas Mawson, a prolific landscape designer.[40][41][42] It was officially opened in 1921 as a memorial to those of the town who gave their lives in the First World War. It now commemorates victims of the Second World War as well.

The park covers 12 acres (4.9 ha) on two sites divided by the River Calder. The upper section is mainly formal, dominated by Knight Hill House, currently used as an Age UK (formerly Age Concern) day centre, and has a rose garden, lawns and two memorials. The lower section, off Park Street, has two bowling greens, tennis courts, skate park and Padiham Leisure Centre. The park is a Green Flag award winner.[43] The park still had remains of some Second World War air raid shelters in 2008.[44]

The old National School, Mill Street, built in 1830 and used until 1904

Another locally listed building is the former Padiham Building Society headquarters. A detached building over two storeys with large underground vault on Burnley Road, constructed between 1955-1958 and officially opened in 1959. The building was recently renovated by local businessman Liam Veitch and converted into individual office spaces.

Padiham War Memorial itself is at the main park entrance in Blackburn Road.[45] There is a second memorial at All Saints' with St John the Baptist off the A671, Padiham Road, opposite the George IV pub.[46] A local man, Thomas Clayton, funded the park in his will; public subscription provided additional money for the park's many features.[47]

Near the war memorial, the Air Crash Memorial recalls several local young people killed on 3 July 1970, when a Dan Air de Havilland Comet deviated from its course and crashed into the high ground of the Montseny Range in north-eastern Spain – see: Dan-Air Flight 1903.[48] The aircraft, destroyed on impact and by subsequent ground fire, contained three flight crew, four cabin crew and 105 passengers, all of whom died. It was the airline's first fatal accident involving fare-paying passengers.[49] The tour operator, Clarksons Holidays, was at the time Britain's largest package holiday company.[50]

Several other buildings in the area are also of historic interest. Hargrove can be seen from a public footpath off the Padiham by-pass just north of the town and the 1950s council housing estate north of Windermere Road. For over 400 years it was the home of the Webster family of yeoman farmers.[51] The house is probably 17th century and part of the Huntroyed estate. Coal from a local outcrop heated the house for many years. Stockbridge House in Victoria Road was occupied by the Holts, a farming family, in 1802 and has a Jacobean chimney.[51] High Whitaker Farm is north-east of Hargrove, accessible by public footpath from Higham Road and from Grove Lane. The building is 16th century and said to have been used to hide Catholics during the reign of Henry VIII.[51] Other houses of note are Priddy Bank Farm and Foulds House Farm, both off Sabden Road, and Arbory Lodge on Arbory Drive.[51]


Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC North West and ITV Granada. Television signals are received from the Winter Hill TV transmitter and the local relay TV transmitter located in the Forest of Pendle.[52][53]

Local radio stations are BBC Radio Lancashire, Heart North West, Smooth North West, Central Radio North West, Greatest Hits Radio Lancashire and Capital Manchester and Lancashire (formerly 2BR).[54]

The town is served by the local newspapers, Burnley Express and Lancashire Telegraph.



Padiham railway station was on a branch line (known as the Great Harwood loop) of the East Lancashire Line from Burnley to Blackburn. It opened in 1877, but was closed on 2 December 1957 and the station later demolished. The line was retained for deliveries of coal to Padiham Power Station until that closed in 1993. The nearest railway station now is at Hapton, about 2 miles (3.2 km) south. The old line was converted into a footpath/bridleway/cycleway called Padiham Greenway, completed in June 2010.


The town is served by Burnley Bus Company services from Accrington, Burnley, Nelson, Colne and beyond,[55] and by a Blackburn Bus Company service 152 from Burnley, Blackburn and Preston.[56]


Junctions 8 and 10 of the M65 are both some 2 miles (3 km) from the town centre. Junction 8 of the M65 also gives access to the A56 dual carriageway leading to the M66 and access to the Manchester motorway network.


The nearest airport, Manchester, is 50 minutes' drive.[57] The best route by public transport is via Blackburn, then train. It takes some 2¼ hours.[58]

Historic maps[edit]

The 1845[5][59] map (1) shows the town of Padiham in the early days of the Lancashire cotton industry in Victorian times, with three mills marked. Most of the town at that stage was north of the river. The top left-hand corner shows part of the Huntroyde Demesne.[31] The River Calder, on the right of the map, flows to the north, having been diverted in the early 19th century from its original route, away from Gawthorpe Hall (shown in pink), because of pollution. In the 1960s the river was re-routed to its original course to accommodate open-cast coal mining.[38]

The 1890 Ordnance Survey map (2) shows the cotton-industry growth of the cotton industry in the later 19th century. The 1–25,000 scale OS map (3) is a partial extract from the two maps indicated. Several historic locations shown include Read Hall (A2) and Read (B2); Martholme, just east of Martholme Viaduct (A3); Simonstone and Simonstone Hall (C3); Huntroyd and grounds (D1–D2); Padiham Power Station (D3) with the connecting line for fuel; post-war housing north of the town off Slade Lane (E2); High Whitaker (F1); the River Calder on the old course from Gawthore Hall and grounds (F2); Pendle Hall (G1); Ightenhill Manor House (G2); and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in Burnley (J1). The railway line through Padiham also appears.

Notable people[edit]

Freedom of the Town[edit]

The following have received the Freedom of the Town of Padiham.


  • Robert "Bob" Clark: 29 June 2021.[64][65]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ The old township boundary with Hapton followed the River Calder and its tributary, Green Brook.[11]


  1. ^ a b c d e f UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Padiham Parish (1170214988)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  2. ^ City Population cite. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  3. ^ Bede (1903). Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Vol. 4. Translated by Jane, L.C. (Temple Classics ed.). London: J. M. Dent & Company. p. 14.
  4. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1922). The place-names of Lancashire. Manchester University Press. pp. 12, 14, 22, 79–80. Retrieved 13 August 2023.
  5. ^ a b c d e Historic Town Assessment Report, Padiham, Lancashire County Council, May 2005, includes several old maps of the town and location of buildings – accessed 18 August 2011 Archived 1 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, John, eds. (1911), The Victoria History of the County of Lancaster Vol 6, Victoria County History, Constable & Co, pp. 492–496, OCLC 832215477
  7. ^ a b c "Padiham Ch/CP through time". GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  8. ^ 2001 census data. Accessed 8 December 2007.
  9. ^ British Pathé Newsreel 1995 Accessed 2014_02_01
  10. ^ "Northtown CP through time". GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  11. ^ Lancashire and Furness (Map) (1st ed.). 1: 10,560. County Series. Ordnance Survey. 1848.
  12. ^ "The Burnley (Parish) Order 2001" (PDF). Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions. 20 December 2001. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Padiham Town Council – About us". Padiham Town Council. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  14. ^ "Burnley (Parishes) Order 2004" (PDF). Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. 27 January 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Gawthorpe". Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  16. ^ "Hapton with Park". Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Your Councillors". Burnley Borough Council. Retrieved 5 August 2023.
  18. ^ "County Councillors by Local Community". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 5 August 2023.
  19. ^ a b "Parish headcount" (PDF). Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 25 July 2009.
  20. ^ Table KS01 Usual resident population, Office for National Statistics, archived from the original on 23 July 2004, retrieved 9 August 2014
  21. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Burnley Built-up area (E34004743)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Padiham UD through time". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  23. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hartwell, Clare (revision) (2009). The Buildings of England – Lancashire: North. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 490–496. ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ Marsh, Arthur; Ryan, Victoria; Smethurst, John B. (1994). Historical Directory of Trade Unions. Vol. 4. Farnham: Ashgate. pp. 114. ISBN 9780859679008.
  25. ^ Report on Trade Unions in 1905–1907. London: Board of Trade. 1909. pp. 82–101.
  26. ^ Padiham Life Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ 'Job Threat After Factory Closure' , BBC News website 15 March 2007. Accessed 14 January 2008.
  28. ^ Shuttleworth Mead Business Park. Accessed 5 September 2008.
  29. ^ Lancashire County Council proposals for public footpath July 2009, Accessed 11 February 2010 Archived 4 August 2012 at
  30. ^ North West Regional Development Agency. Accessed 6 September 2008
  31. ^ a b Parks and Gardens UK – based on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest Archived 26 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ National Trust Website, accessed 2 October 2008 Archived 21 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Searchable guide to country houses, includes Gawthorpe and other houses owned by the Shuttleworths – accessed 18 April 2010 Archived 4 February 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Accessed 13 November 2007.
  35. ^ Grimshaw and Shuttleworth family origin website, accessed 15 January 2011 Archived 28 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hartwell, Clare (revision) (2009). The Buildings of England – Lancashire: North. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 321. ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  37. ^ Lancashire Family History & Heraldry Society. Accessed 13 November 2007.
  38. ^ a b Armstrong, Duncan (1985). "Owd Padiham" – a pictorial history. Padiham: Mercer Print.
  39. ^ Lancashire County Council Library and Information Service Archived 19 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 25 February 2008.
  40. ^ Burnley Borough Council report on restoration of Padiham Memorial Park Archived 15 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 28 July 2009
  41. ^ Parks and Gardens register UK – the park had not been surveyed at the time the data was accessed − 3 February 2010. Archived 11 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ Lancashire Gardens Trust. Accessed 17 April 2010.
  43. ^ Green Flag Award Scheme Archived 7 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 27 February 2008.
  44. ^ "World War II Air Raid shelters in Memorial Park". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  45. ^ "World War I Cemeteries, Padiham War memorial (includes WWII)". Archived from the original on 4 October 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  46. ^ "World War memorial at All Saints with St John the Baptist, BB12 6PA (includes WWII)". Archived from the original on 5 October 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  47. ^ Burnley Borough Council Archived 14 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 28 February 2008.
  48. ^ "Air Crash Memorial, Padiham Memorial Park looking west in the direction of Blackburn". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  49. ^ "Dan Air, air crash, northern Spain, Friday, 3 July 1970". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  50. ^ "BBC on this day, Friday, 3 July 1970". BBC News. 3 July 1970. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  51. ^ a b c d Nadin, Jack; Armstrong, Duncan (2009). "Padiham in Old Photographs" – contains additional histories of properties mentioned. The History Press. pp. 10–16. ISBN 978-0-7524-5188-6.
  52. ^ "Full Freeview on the Winter Hill (Bolton, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. Retrieved 1 January 2024.
  53. ^ "Full Freeview on the Pendle Forest (Lancashire, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. Retrieved 1 January 2024.
  54. ^ "North West Radio Stations". Retrieved 1 January 2024.
  55. ^ Mainline bus services Archived 22 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  56. ^ Lancashire United Bus Service
  57. ^ The AA route planning. Accessed 8 February 2010.
  58. ^ Journey planner direct website Archived 13 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  59. ^ Detailed version of map at the Lancashire County Council website
  60. ^ Michael Joyce, 2004, Football League Players' Records 1888–1939.
  61. ^ Sports Reference, accessed 28 September 2010.
  62. ^ "Goodbye to a true cycling superstar". Radcliffe. Bury Times. 5 February 2009.
  63. ^ Sports Reference website, accessed 28 September 2010.
  64. ^ Plunkett, Susan (29 June 2021). "Well loved 'Mr Padiham' receives surprise Freedom of the Town award at ceremony to mark 100th anniversary of park". Burnley Express. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  65. ^ Plunkett, Susan (29 June 2021). "In pictures: Freedom of Town honour for 'Mr Padiham' at unveiling of memorial stone to mark 100th birthday of popular park". Burnley Express. Retrieved 29 June 2021.

External links[edit]