Padilla is known for being the place where the Mexican liberator and Emperor Agustín de Iturbide was executed by a firing squad. It is also the place where Manuel de Mier y Terán, a Mexican general, took his life with a sword. The town was established on 6 January 1749 by José de Escandón, the a Spanish Indian-fighter in New Spain and the founder and first governor of the colony of Nuevo Santander, and named after Maria Padilla, the wife of Juan Francisco de Güemes, the viceroy of New Spain. During its establishment, over 40 people from Hidalgo, Linares, and Río Blanco resided in the area. As of 2010, the municipality of Padilla has a population of 14,020.
- "DIAGNÓSTICO Y PLAN MUNICIPAL DE DESARROLLO RURAL SUSTENTABLE" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipio de Padilla - Estado de Tamaulipas. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- Rosas, Alejandro. "Sangre en Padilla: la ejecución de Iturbide" (in Spanish). Tu Bicentenario 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- González Lezama, Raúl. "Manuel de Mier y Terán: la intermitencia de su "eterno descanso"" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Educación Pública. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "PADILLA" (in Spanish). Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México ESTADO DE TAMAULIPAS. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Historia de Padilla" (in Spanish). Municipio de Padilla, Tamaulipas. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "MUNICIPIO DE PADILLA" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gobierno de Tamaulipas. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- (in Spanish) Gobierno Municipal de Padilla
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