Padmâvatî is an opera in two acts by the French composer Albert Roussel. The libretto, by Louis Laloy, is based on Théodore-Marie Pavie's La légende de Padmanî, reine de Tchitor, which retells the legend recounted in Malik Muhammad Jayasi's poem Padmavat (1540). It was first performed at the Paris Opéra on June 1, 1923. Roussel styled the work an opéra-ballet and there are many dance numbers and opportunities for spectacle. The composer was inspired by his visit to the ruined city of Chittor in Rajputana (now Rajasthan) and he incorporated many features of Indian music into the score.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 1 June 1923|
Conductor: Philippe Gaubert
|Padmâvatî, Queen of Chittor||mezzo-soprano||Ketty Lapeyrette|
|Ratan-Sen, her husband, King of Chittor||tenor||Paul Franz|
|Alaouddin, Sultan of the Mughals||baritone||Édouard Roux|
|Nakamti, a young woman||soprano||Jeanne Laval|
|Badal, Ratan-Sen's enemy||tenor||Mario Podestà|
|Gora, official of the palace||tenor||Dalerant|
Place: Chittor, India
Time: around 1300
The sultan of Khilji Dynasty Alaouddin is besieging the city of Chittor. He comes to its ruler, Ratan-Sen, asking for peace negotiations. Ratan-Sen shows him around the city. Alaouddin also asks to be granted a glimpse of Ratan-Sen's wife, Padmâvatî, who is legendary for her beauty. Ratan-Sen reluctantly agrees. Alaouddin refuses to make peace unless Padmâvatî is handed over to him.
The Khilji army attack the city and Padmâvatî and the wounded Ratan-Sen take refuge in the temple of Siva. Ratan-Sen tells his wife that the people will be massacred unless she gives herself to Alaouddin. Ratan-Sen is stoned to death, and Padmâvatî joins him on his funeral pyre rather than giving herself to Alaouddin.
- Padmâvatî, Marilyn Horne, Nicolai Gedda, Jane Berbié, José van Dam, Marc Vento, Toulouse Capitole Orchestra, conducted by Michel Plasson (EMI)
- Padmâvatî, Rita Gorr (Padmâvatî), Albert Lance (Ratan-Sen), Gérard Souzay (Alaouddin). London Symphony Orchestra and BBC Chorus, conducted by Jean Martinon (Gala)
- The Viking Opera Guide ed. Holden (Viking, 1993)
- Del Teatro (in Italian)
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Padmâvatî, 1 June 1923". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera ed. Parker (OUP, 1994)
- Smith, Richard Langham (1992), 'Padmâvatî' in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie (London) ISBN 0-333-73432-7