Padma, Hazaribagh (community development block)
Community development block
|• Type||Representative democracy|
|Elevation||398 m (1,306 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||JH 02|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Hazaribagh|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Barhi|
Hazaribagh district is spread over a part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The central plateau, averaging a height of 2,000 ft (610 m), occupies the central part of the district. On all sides, except on the western side, it is surrounded by the lower plateau, averaging a height of 1,300 ft (396 m), the surface being undulating. In the north and the north-west the lower plateau forms a fairly level tableland till the ghats, when the height drops to about 700 ft (213 m) and slopes down gradually. The Damodar and the Barakar form the two main watersheds in the district. DVC has constructed the Konar Dam across the Konar River. It is a forested district with cultivation as the main occupation of the people. Coal is the main mineral found in this district. China clay is also found in this district. Inaugurating the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana in 2016, Raghubar Das, Chief Minister of Jharkhand, had indicated that there were 23 lakh BPL families in Jharkhand. There was a plan to bring the BPL proportion in the total population down to 35%.
The Padma Palace (also referred to as Padma Fort) of Ramgarh Raj is located at Padma. The Shivgarh gate is one of its main attractions. There is a photo gallery displaying the history of Ramgarh Raj.
Padma Block was established on 27 September 1995.
Right from its inception in 2000. Jharkhand was a “laboratory” for Naxalites to experiment with their ideas of establishing a parallel government. As of 2005, 16 of the 22 districts in the state, including Hazaribagh district, was transformed into a “guerrilla zone”. The movement was not restricted to armed operations but included kangaroo courts called Jan adalats, elected village bodies and people's police. Jharkhand, with a dense forest cover over a large part of the state, offers a favourable terrain for the Naxalites to build their bases and operate. Annual fatalities in Jharkhand were 117 in 2003 and 150 in 2004. In 2013 Jharkhand was considered one of the two states in the country most affected by Left wing extremism and Jharkhand police set up an exclusive cell to deal with Maoist activities. However, in the same year, when Jharkhand police identified 13 focus areas for combating Maoist extremism, Hazaribagh district was not one of them.
Padma is located at .
Padma CD Block is bounded by Barhi CD Block, on the north and a part of the east, Ichak CD Block on a part of the east and the south, and Mayurhand CD Block, in Chatra district, and Katkmsandi CD Block on the west.
As of 2001, Padma CD Block had an area of 126.57 km2. As of 2011, Padma CD Block had eight gram panchayats, 40 inhabited villages and no census towns. Barhi police station and Padma police out-post serve this CD Block, Headquarters of this CD Block is at Padma.
It is located 26 km north of Hazaribagh, the district headquarters.
As per the 2011 Census of India, Padma CD Block had a total population of 56,014, all of which were rural. There were 28,941 (52%) males and 27,073 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 9,378. Scheduled Castes numbered 9,928 (17.72%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 843 (1.50%).
As of 2011[update] census, the total number of literates in Padma CD Block was 32,133 (68.90% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 19,195 (79.92% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 12,938 (57.20% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 22.71%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Chauparan – 69.41%|
|Barhi – 68.39%|
|Padma – 68.90%|
|Barkatha – 61.44%|
|Chalkusha – 67.13%|
|Hazaribagh Sadar subdivision|
|Ichak – 71.87%|
|Tati Jhariya – 60.68%|
|Daru – 71.08%|
|Bishnugarh – 62.04%|
|Sadar, Hazaribagh – 77.56%|
|Katkamsandi – 67.38%|
|Katkamdag – 69.97%|
|Keredari – 64.04%|
|Barkagaon – 65.44%|
|Churchu – 67.97%|
|Dadi – 70.26%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise|
Primary Census Abstract Data
Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language. Jharkhand legislature had passed a bill according the status of a second official language to several languages in 2011 but the same was turned down by the Governor.
The three most populous mother-tongues (spoken language which is medium of conversation with the mother of children), as per data available from 2001 census in a Note on mother-tongue of earlier census, published in District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, were: Khortha, Hindi and Urdu.
In Padma CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 9,137 and formed 37.92%, agricultural labourers numbered 8,106 and formed 33.64%, household industry workers numbered 256 and formed 1.06% and other workers numbered 6,598 and formed 27.38%. Total workers numbered 24,097 and formed 43.02% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 31,917 and formed 56.98% of the population.
Note: In the census records, a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.
There are 40 inhabited villages in Padma CD Block. In 2011, 37 villages had power supply. 2 villages had tap water (treated/ untreated), 4 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 40 villages had hand pumps, and all villages had drinking water facility. 5 villages had post offices, 4 villages had sub post offices, 4 villages had telephones (land lines) and 38 villages had mobile phone coverage. 40 villages had pucca (hard top) village roads, 12 villages had bus service (public/ private), 1 village had autos/ modified autos, and 12 villages had tractors. 4 villages had bank branches, 4 villages had agricultural credit societies, no village had cinema/ video hall, no village had public library and public reading room. 22 villages had public distribution system, 5 villages had weekly haat (market) and 26 villages had assembly polling stations.
Forestry and agriculture
The main occupation of the people of Hazaribagh district is cultivation. While forests occupy around 45% of the total area, the cultivable area forms about 39% of the total area. The forests are uniformly spread across the district. Sal is the predominant species in the jungles. Other species are: bamboo, khair, sali, semal, mahua, tamarind, mango, black-berry (jamun), peepal, karnaj, jack-fruit, margosa (neem), kusum, palas, kend, asan, piar and bhelwa. Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary is located around 19 km north of Hazaribag. Irrigation facilities in this hilly area are inadequate and generally farmers depend on rain for their cultivation. The land situated along the river banks, or low land, is fertile but the uplands are generally barren. May to October is Kharif season, followed by Rabi season. Rice is the main crop of the district. Other important crops grown are: bazra, maize, pulses (mainly arhar and gram) and oilseeds. Limited quantities of cash crops, such as sugar cane, are grown.
Backward Regions Grant Fund
Hazaribagh district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.
|Source: Google maps |
The 79.7 km long first stage railway project from Koderma to Hazaribagh costing ₹ 936 crore was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 20 February 2015. The railway line passes through Padma CD Block and there is a station at Padma.
In 2011, amongst the 40 inhabited villages in Padma CD Block, 5 villages had no primary school, 27 villages had one primary school and 8 villages had more than one primary school. 29 villages had at least one primary school and one middle school. 4 villages had at least one middle school and one secondary school.
In 2011, amongst the 40 inhabited villages in Padma CD Block, 1 village had a community health centre, 1 village had primary health centre, 6 villages had primary health sub-centres, 5 villages had medicine shops and 30 villages had no medical facilities.
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