Padma Bhushan

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Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan India IIe Klasse.jpg
Awarded by
Emblem of India.svg
Government of India
Type Civilian
Category National
Description
Obverse A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Reverse A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Ribbon IND Padma Bhushan BAR.png
Statistics
Instituted 1954
First awarded 1954
Last awarded 2017
Total awarded 1231
Previous name(s) Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)
Award rank
IND Padma Vibhushan BAR.png
← Padma Vibhushan
IND Padma Shri BAR.png
Padma Shri →
Padma Bhushan award recipients[1]
Year Number of recipients
1954–59
94
1960–69
200
1970–79
205
1980–89
133
1990–99
113
2000–09
291
2010–17
195

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan, but coming before the Padma Shri. It is announced on the occasion of Republic Day of India every year. It is conferred by the President of India at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan sometime around March or April.

History[edit]

The award was established on 2 January 1954 by the president of India. It is awarded to recognize distinguished service of a high order to the nation, in any field. As of December 2016, 1249 people have thus far received the award.[2][3]

Refusals[edit]

Although the Padma awards, including the Padma Vibhushan, are the highest civilian awards in India and those selected for the award are famous for their contribution to Indian social, cultural, economic, political or other spheres of life, several noted public figures have refused the award on various grounds. In 2013 the veteran playback singer Mrs. S. Janaki rejected the award, stating that the honour came to her too late and that the artists of South India were not duly recognised.[4] The eminent jurist and former Chief Justice of India J. S. Verma was awarded the Padma Bhushan posthumously in 2014. His family refused to accept the award as they believed Justice Verma in principle "was never a man to yearn or lobby for any acclaim, reward or favour."[5][6]

Several artists, including musicians and writers such as Ustad Vilayat Khan, Romila Thapar, Sitara Devi, Phanishwarnath Renu, and Nikhil Chakravarty,[7] have also refused Padma awards due to various reasons, including personal pride and what has been described as 'national interest'.[8]

List of Awardees[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards: Year wise list of recipients (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. pp. 1–24, 26–27, 29–30, 33–34, 37–38, 42–44, 48–51, 55–56, 59–60, 63–64, 66–67, 72–77, 79–80, 83–84, 86–89, 91, 95–96, 100–101, 106–107, 112–113, 115–116, 118–119, 121–123, 126–127, 131–132, 135–136, 140–141, 144–146, 149–151, 155–156, 160–162, 166–168, 172–174, 178–179, 183–184, 188–189. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2016" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2016. p. 1. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2017" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2017. p. 1. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 
  3. ^ "This Year's Padam Awards announced" (Press release). Ministry of Home Affairs. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Veteran singer S Janaki refuses to accept Padma Awards". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  5. ^ JS Verma's family refuses Padma Award
  6. ^ Modi calls for Yoga Day in US General Assembly
  7. ^ AKSHAYA MUKUL; VISHWA MOHAN & HIMANSHI DHAWAN (6 February 2010). "Chatwal fiasco: Top civilian awards losing sheen". Times of India. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  8. ^ People Who Have Refused Padma Awards

External links[edit]