List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1954–59)

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Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan India IIe Klasse.jpg
Awarded by Government of India
Type Civilian
Category National
Description
Obverse A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Reverse A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Ribbon IND Padma Bhushan BAR.png
Statistics
Instituted 1954
First awarded 1954
Total awarded 94
Previous name(s) Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)
Award rank
← Padma Vibhushan Padma Shri →

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954,[2] the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary grant associated with the award. The Padma Bhushan award recipients are announced every year on Republic Day and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development used for official government notices.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are also registered in the Gazette and are required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register.[4] None of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1954–59 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, the Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards; preceded by the Bharat Ratna. The original specification of the award was a circle made of standard silver 1 38 inches (35 mm) in diameter, with rims on both the sides. A centrally located lotus flower was embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma Vibhushan" written in Devanagari script was inscribed above the lotus along the upper edge of the medal. A floral wreath was embossed along the lower edge and a lotus wreath at the top along the upper edge. The State Emblem of India was placed in the centre of the reverse side with the text "Desh Seva" in Devanagari Script on the lower edge. The medal was suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width divided into three equal segments by two white vertical lines.[2]

On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria includes "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants" but excluding those working with the Public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute. The design was also modified to the form that is currently in use. The current design is a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob embossed within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus. The Emblem of India is placed in the centre of the reverse side with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script, inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations.[5]

A total of twenty-three awards were conferred in 1954 followed by twelve in 1955; thirteen in 1956; sixteen in 1957; sixteen again in 1958, and fourteen in 1959, giving a total of 94 recipients in the first six years—including one foreign recipient awarded in 1955. Till 1959, individuals from nine different fields were awarded which includes twenty-six from literature and education, seventeen from civil service, twelve artists, ten from science and engineering, ten from social work, eight from public affairs, six from medicine, four sports-persons, and one from trade and industry.

List of recipients[edit]

Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Awarded in 1954, Homi J. Bhabha, the "father of the Indian bomb",[6] was a nuclear physicist and the founding director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and the Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment (later named after him).[7][8]
Dhyan Chand
Awarded in 1956, Dhyan Chand was a field hockey player and scored more than 1000 goals during his career spanned over 20 years from 1926–1948.[9]
Rukmini Devi Arundale
Awarded in 1956, Rukmini Devi Arundale was a theosophist and Bharata Natyam dancer.[10]
G. S. Sardesai
Awarded in 1957, "Riyasatkar" historian Govind Sakharam Sardesai wrote eight volumes of "Marathi Riyasat", three volumes of "Musalmani Riyasat", and two volumes of "British Riyasat".[11]
Salim Ali
Awarded in 1958, the "Birdman of India" Salim Ali was an ornithologist, naturalist, and was one of the founding members of Bombay Natural History Society.[12]
Rao Raja Hanut Singh
Awarded in 1958, Rao Raja Hanut Singh was an "Honorary Captain" in the British Indian Army and polo player.[13]
A sepia-toned photograph of an old man
Often described as "the founding father of modern Tamil theatre", 1959 recipient Pammal Sambandha Mudaliar was a playwright, director, producer, and actor.[14]
Edmund Hillary & Sherpa Tenzing
Awarded in 1959, Tenzing Norgay (right) was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which he accomplished with Edmund Hillary (left) on 29 May 1953.[15]
Award recipients by year[16]
Year Number of recipients
1954
23
1955
12
1956
13
1957
16
1958
16
1959
14
Award recipients by field[16]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
12
Civil Service
17
Literature & Education
26
Medicine
6
Public Affairs
8
Science & Engineering
10
Social Work
10
Sports
4
Trade & Industry
1
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[16]
Year Recipient Field State
1954 Bhabha, Homi JehangirHomi Jehangir Bhabha Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1954 Bhatnagar, Shanti SwaroopShanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
1954 Ganapati, Mahadeva IyerMahadeva Iyer Ganapati Civil Service Odisha
1954 Ghosh, Jnan ChandraJnan Chandra Ghosh Science & Engineering West Bengal
1954 Gupta, Radha KrishanRadha Krishan Gupta Civil Service Delhi
1954 Gupt, Maithili SharanMaithili Sharan Gupt Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1954 Handa, R. R.R. R. Handa Civil Service Punjab
1954 Jha, AmarnathAmarnath Jha Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1954 Khosla, Ajudhiya NathAjudhiya Nath Khosla Science & Engineering Delhi
1954 Krishnan, Kariamanickam SrinivasaKariamanickam Srinivasa Krishnan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1954 Madni, Moulana Hussain AhmedMoulana Hussain Ahmed Madni Literature & Education Punjab
1954 Malihabadi, JoshJosh Malihabadi Literature & Education Delhi
1954 Mehta, V. L.V. L. Mehta Public Affairs Gujarat
1954 Menon, Vallathol NarayanaVallathol Narayana Menon Literature & Education Kerala
1954 Mudaliar, A. LakshmanaswamiA. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1954 Namgyal, Maharaj Kr. Palden TMaharaj Kr. Palden T Namgyal Public Affairs Punjab
1954 Rao, V. NarahariV. Narahari Rao Civil Service Karnataka
1954 Rau, Pandyala SatyanarayanaPandyala Satyanarayana Rau Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1954 Roy, JaminiJamini Roy Arts West Bengal
1954 Sen, SukumarSukumar Sen Civil Service West Bengal
1954 Shastri, Satya NarayanaSatya Narayana Shastri Medicine Uttar Pradesh
1954 Subbulakshmi, M. S.M. S. Subbulakshmi Arts Tamil Nadu
1954 Thimayya, Kodandera SubayyaKodandera Subayya Thimayya Civil Service Karnataka
1955 Badhwar, Fateh ChandFateh Chand Badhwar Civil Service Punjab
1955 Banerjee, Lalit MohanLalit Mohan Banerjee Medicine West Bengal
1955 Chatterji, Suniti KumarSuniti Kumar Chatterji Literature & Education West Bengal
1955 Chattopadhyay, KamaladeviKamaladevi Chattopadhyay Social Work West Bengal
1955 Dey, Surender KumarSurender Kumar Dey Civil Service  – [a]
1955 Khanolkar, Vasant RamjiVasant Ramji Khanolkar Medicine Maharashtra
1955 Khungar, Sunder DasSunder Das Khungar Civil Service Punjab
1955 Nehru, RameshwariRameshwari Nehru Social Work Uttar Pradesh
1955 Parija, Prana KrushnaPrana Krushna Parija Literature & Education Odisha
1955 Rao, MadapatiMadapati Rao Social Work Andhra Pradesh
1955 Thacker, Maneklal SankalchandManeklal Sankalchand Thacker Literature & Education Delhi
1955 Venkatachari, Attur RangaswamiAttur Rangaswami Venkatachari Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1956 Arundale, Rukmini DeviRukmini Devi Arundale Arts Tamil Nadu
1956 Basu, RajshekharRajshekhar Basu Literature & Education West Bengal
1956 Chand, DhyanDhyan Chand Sports Punjab
1956 Iyengar, Malur Srinivasa ThirumaleMalur Srinivasa Thirumale Iyengar Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1956 Jung, Nawab Zain YarNawab Zain Yar Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1956 Mehta, Pushpavati JanardenraiPushpavati Janardenrai Mehta Public Affairs Maharashtra
1956 Nayudu, Cottari KankaiyahCottari Kankaiyah Nayudu Sports Tamil Nadu
1956 Reddi, MuthulakshmiMuthulakshmi Reddi Medicine Tamil Nadu
1956 Sain, KanwarKanwar Sain Civil Service Rajasthan
1956 Singh, VirVir Singh Literature & Education Punjab
1956 Srinivasan, KasturiKasturi Srinivasan Literature & Education Punjab
1956 Varma, MahadeviMahadevi Varma Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1956 Venkataraman, Triuvadi SambasivaTriuvadi Sambasiva Venkataraman Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1957 Atreya, Bhikham LalBhikham Lal Atreya Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1957 Balasaraswati, T.T. Balasaraswati Arts Tamil Nadu
1957 Chettiar, AlagappaAlagappa Chettiar Social Work Tamil Nadu
1957 Dwivedi, Hazari PrasadHazari Prasad Dwivedi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1957 Hussain, AbidAbid Hussain Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1957 Khan, Mushtaq HussainMushtaq Hussain Khan Arts Madhya Pradesh
1957 Menon, LakshmiLakshmi Menon Public Affairs Kerala
1957 Mukherjee, Radha KumudRadha Kumud Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal
1957 Raja, K. Covilagam Kutti EttanK. Covilagam Kutti Ettan Raja Civil Service Kerala
1957 Rao, Andal VenkatasubbaAndal Venkatasubba Rao Social Work Andhra Pradesh
1957 Ratanjankar, Shrikrishna N.Shrikrishna N. Ratanjankar Arts Uttar Pradesh
1957 Sahay, Shyam NandanShyam Nandan Sahay Literature & Education Bihar
1957 Sardesai, Govind SakharamGovind Sakharam Sardesai Literature & Education Maharashtra
1957 Sastri, K. A. NilakantaK. A. Nilakanta Sastri Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1957 Sen, BoshiBoshi Sen Science & Engineering West Bengal
1957 Varma, SiddheshwarSiddheshwar Varma Literature & Education Chandigarh
1958 Ali, SalimSalim Ali Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1958 Anand, VijayaVijaya Anand Sports Uttar Pradesh
1958 Roy Choudhury, D. P.D. P. Roy Choudhury Arts West Bengal
1958 Ghandy, JeahangirJeahangir Ghandy Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1958 Hardikar, Narayan SubaraoNarayan Subarao Hardikar Social Work Karnataka
1958 Iyengar, Ariyakudi RamanujaAriyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar Arts Tamil Nadu
1958 Khan, AllauddinAllauddin Khan Arts Uttar Pradesh
1958 Menon, Kumar Padma Siva ShankaraKumar Padma Siva Shankara Menon Civil Service Kerala
1958 Nambiar, Arathil C. NarayananArathil C. Narayanan Nambiar Civil Service Kerala
1958 Puttappa, Kuppali VenkatappagowdaKuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa Literature & Education Karnataka
1958 Raju, Poola TirupatiPoola Tirupati Raju Literature & Education Rajasthan
1958 Shah, KamalendumatiKamalendumati Shah Social Work Delhi
1958 Singh, Rao Raja HanutRao Raja Hanut Singh Public Affairs Rajasthan
1958 Vakil, Rustom JalRustom Jal Vakil Medicine Maharashtra
1958 Vyas, Surya NarayanSurya Narayan Vyas Literature & Education Madhya Pradesh
1958 Wadia, Darashaw NosherwanDarashaw Nosherwan Wadia Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1959 Bhaduri, Sisir KumarSisir Kumar Bhaduri[b] Arts West Bengal
1959 Singh Dinkar, RamdhariRamdhari Singh Dinkar Literature & Education Bihar
1959 Jung, Ali YavarAli Yavar Jung Civil Service Maharashtra
1959 Mehta, Hansa JivrajHansa Jivraj Mehta Social Work Maharashtra
1959 Mudaliar, Pammal SambandhaPammal Sambandha Mudaliar Arts Tamil Nadu
1959 Murthi, Tiruppattur R. VenkatachalaTiruppattur R. Venkatachala Murthi Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1959 Norgay, TenzingTenzing Norgay Sports West Bengal
1959 Patil, BhauraoBhaurao Patil Social Work Maharashtra
1959 Paymaster, Jal GawashawJal Gawashaw Paymaster Medicine Maharashtra
1959 Rau, Dhanvanthi RamaDhanvanthi Rama Rau Social Work Maharashtra
1959 Sidhanta, Nirmal KumarNirmal Kumar Sidhanta Literature & Education West Bengal
1959 Vasudevachary, KankanhalliKankanhalli Vasudevachary Arts Karnataka
1959 Varerkar, Bhargavaram ViththalBhargavaram Viththal Varerkar Public Affairs Maharashtra
1959 Yazdani, GhulamGhulam Yazdani Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ Surender Kumar Dey was a USA citizen.
  2. ^ Sisir Kumar Bhaduri refused the award.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Who's getting a Padma? Bill and Melinda Gates, L.K. Advani and Dilip Kumar honoured with prestigious award". Daily Mail. Mail Online. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2015. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg' 
  3. ^ a b c "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2015. All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President. 
  5. ^ "Wearing of Medals: Precedence Of Medals". Indian Army. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Richelson, Jeffrey (13 April 2006). "U.S. Intelligence and the Indian Bomb". The National Security Archive. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 187. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "Tata Institute of Fundamental Research: History & Archives". Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Bhabha Atomic Research Centre: Founder/Heritage". Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Discover hockey's answer to Pele". BBC Sports Academy. BBC. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Meduri, Avanthi (2 March 2001). "Rukmini Devi, the visionary". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  11. ^ Kumbhojkar, Shraddha, ed. (2009). 19th Century Maharashtra: A Reassessment. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 19. ISBN 978-1-4438-0603-9. 
  12. ^ "Give Bharat Ratna to Salim Ali, demands AMU professor". IBN Live. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "Supplement to the London Gazette, 1 January, 1921" (PDF). London Gazette. His Majesty's Stationery Office (published 21 January 1921): 2. 1921. Retrieved 25 September 2015. To be Honorary Captain:Rao Rlaja Hanut Singh, son of His Highness Maharaja Sir Partap Singh Bahadur, Riegent of Jodhpur. 
  14. ^ Muthiah, S. (30 July 2003). "The Mount Road congregations". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  15. ^ Morris, Jan (14 June 1999). "The Conquerors Hillary & Tenzing". Time. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c "List of recipients of Padma Bhushan awards (1954–59)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 14 August 2013. pp. 1–9. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Sarkar, Chanchal (3 June 2001). "When is an apology not an apology: The losers". The Tribune. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 

External links[edit]