List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1960–69)
|Awarded by Government of India|
|Obverse||A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script|
|Previous name(s)||Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)|
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day and registered in The Gazette of India, a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development. The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the journal. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are as well archived and are required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register; none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1960–69 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, with the Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.
When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg", a class-two award under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluding those working with the Public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified for the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle. It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]
A total of two hundred awards were presented in the 1960s – ten in 1960, followed by thirteen in 1961, twenty-seven in 1962, twelve in 1963, eighteen in 1964, twenty-five in 1965, fourteen in 1966, twenty-four in 1967, twenty-eight in 1968, and twenty-nine in 1969, including five foreign recipients. Individuals from nine different fields were awarded, which includes seventeen from art, twenty-two from civil services, sixty-nine from literature and education, thirty-two from medicine, sixteen from public affairs, fifteen from science and engineering, fourteen from social work, five sports persons, and ten from trade and industry. Journalist Manikonda Chalapathi Rau and Kannada writer K. Shivaram Karanth returned their 1968 awards, while Sitar player Vilayat Khan refused to accept it, with him stating that "the selection committees were incompetent to judge [his] music".[b]
|1960||Chaudhuri, Rabindra NathRabindra Nath Chaudhuri||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1960||Das, NilakanthaNilakantha Das||Public Affairs||Orissa|
|1960||Dravid, Rajeshwar ShastriRajeshwar Shastri Dravid||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1960||Islam, Kazi NazrulKazi Nazrul Islam||Literature & Education||West Bengal[c]|
|1960||Khan, Hafiz AliHafiz Ali Khan||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|1960||Naveen, Bal Krishna SharmaBal Krishna Sharma Naveen||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1960||Rao, Ayyadevara KaleswaraAyyadevara Kaleswara Rao||Public Affairs||Andhra Pradesh|
|1960||Sahay, Acharya ShivpujanAcharya Shivpujan Sahay||Literature & Education||Bihar|
|1960||Shirodkar, Vithal NageshVithal Nagesh Shirodkar||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1960||Vagish, Haridas SiddhantaHaridas Siddhanta Vagish||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1961||Banerjee, Tridib NathTridib Nath Banerjee||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1961||Billimoria, Rustomji BomanjiRustomji Bomanji Billimoria||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1961||Das, Seth GovindSeth Govind Das||Literature & Education||Madhya Pradesh|
|1961||Elwin, VerrierVerrier Elwin||Science & Engineering||– [d]|
|1961||Gulhati, Niranjan DasNiranjan Das Gulhati||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1961||Iyer, L. VenkatakrishnaL. Venkatakrishna Iyer||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1961||Krishnadas, RaiRai Krishnadas||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1961||Pant, SumitranandanSumitranandan Pant||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1961||Roerich, SvetoslavSvetoslav Roerich||Arts||– [e]|
|1961||Sahay, BhagwanBhagwan Sahay||Civil Service||Uttar Pradesh|
|1961||Verma, Bindeshwari PrasadBindeshwari Prasad Verma||Public Affairs||Bihar|
|1961||Venkataraman, KrishnaswamiKrishnaswami Venkataraman||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1961||Wadia, Ardeshir RuttonjiArdeshir Ruttonji Wadia||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1962||Ayyar, Ramaswamy DuraiswamyRamaswamy Duraiswamy Ayyar||Medicine||Delhi|
|1962||Chatterjee, Gyanesh ChandraGyanesh Chandra Chatterjee||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1962||Dandekar, Ramchandra NarayanRamchandra Narayan Dandekar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1962||Dhanda, Prem ChandraPrem Chandra Dhanda||Medicine||Punjab|
|1962||Fyzee, Asaf Ali AsgharAsaf Ali Asghar Fyzee||Literature & Education||Jammu & Kashmir|
|1962||Khan, Bade Ghulam AliBade Ghulam Ali Khan||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1962||Khan, Jafar AliJafar Ali Khan||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1962||Kothari, Daulat SinghDaulat Singh Kothari||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1962||Lam, Mithan JamshedMithan Jamshed Lam||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|1962||Maitra, Sudhansu SobhanSudhansu Sobhan Maitra||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1962||Mitra, Sisir KumarSisir Kumar Mitra||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1962||Modak, TarabaiTarabai Modak||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1962||Mukerjee, RadhakamalRadhakamal Mukerjee||Science & Engineering||Uttar Pradesh|
|1962||Mukerjee, Sudhindra NathSudhindra Nath Mukerjee||Public Affairs||West Bengal|
|1962||Fatehpuri, NiazNiaz Fatehpuri||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1962||Patel, Jal R.Jal R. Patel||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1962||Phadke, Narayan SitaramNarayan Sitaram Phadke||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1962||Raghavan, V.V. Raghavan||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1962||Ram, DukhanDukhan Ram||Medicine||Bihar|
|1962||Soundram, T. S.T. S. Soundram||Social Work||Tamil Nadu|
|1962||Rao, Mahankali SeetharamaMahankali Seetharama Rao||Medicine||Andhra Pradesh|
|1962||Saran, RaghunathRaghunath Saran||Medicine||Bihar|
|1962||Satyanarayana, MoturiMoturi Satyanarayana||Public Affairs||Tamil Nadu|
|1962||Seksaria, SitaramSitaram Seksaria||Social Work||Assam|
|1962||Sen, Santosh KumarSantosh Kumar Sen||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1962||Singh, TarlokTarlok Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1962||Sinha, Raja Radhika RamanRaja Radhika Raman Sinha||Literature & Education||Bihar|
|1963||Bery, Narendra NathNarendra Nath Bery||Medicine||Punjab|
|1963||Chaturvedi, MakhanlalMakhanlal Chaturvedi||Literature & Education||Madhya Pradesh|
|1963||Das, Omeo KumarOmeo Kumar Das||Social Work||Assam|
|1963||Laharry, Nitish ChandraNitish Chandra Laharry||Social Work||West Bengal|
|1963||Prasad, Badri NathBadri Nath Prasad||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1963||Rao, Kanuri LakshmanaKanuri Lakshmana Rao||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1963||Sankrityayan, RahulRahul Sankrityayan||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1963||Saraiya, Ramanlal GokaldasRamanlal Gokaldas Saraiya||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|1963||Seshadri, T. R.T. R. Seshadri||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1963||Singh, Sardar HarnarainSardar Harnarain Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1963||Soni, M. L.M. L. Soni||Medicine||Delhi|
|1963||Verma, RamkumarRamkumar Verma||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1964||Abdullah, SheikhSheikh Abdullah||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1964||Ahmed, NuruddinNuruddin Ahmed||Public Affairs||Delhi|
|1964||Ahmed, RafiuddinRafiuddin Ahmed||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1964||Chandy, JacobJacob Chandy||Medicine||Kerala|
|1964||Dubey, Kunji LalKunji Lal Dubey||Public Affairs||Madhya Pradesh|
|1964||Ghosh, Tushar KantiTushar Kanti Ghosh||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1964||Guha, Anil BandhuAnil Bandhu Guha||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1964||Hai, Mohd. AbdulMohd. Abdul Hai||Medicine||Bihar|
|1964||Khurody, Dara NusserwanjiDara Nusserwanji Khurody||Trade & Industry||Madhya Pradesh|
|1964||Mukherjee, Anukul ChandraAnukul Chandra Mukherjee||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1964||Mukherjee, Jnanendra NathJnanendra Nath Mukherjee||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|1964||Mullik, Bhole NathBhole Nath Mullik||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1964||Narayan, R. K.R. K. Narayan||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1964||Pandit, Chintaman GovindChintaman Govind Pandit||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1964||Patel, Tribhuvandas KishibhaiTribhuvandas Kishibhai Patel||Social Work||Gujarat|
|1964||Rajhans (Bal Gandharva), N. S.N. S. Rajhans (Bal Gandharva)||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1964||Ramachandran, T. NarayanayajwaT. Narayanayajwa Ramachandran||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1964||Wig, Khushwant LalKhushwant Lal Wig||Medicine||Punjab|
|1965||Iyer, Krishnaswami BalasubramaniaKrishnaswami Balasubramania Iyer||Public Affairs||Tamil Nadu|
|1965||Banerjee, Jogesh ChandraJogesh Chandra Banerjee||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1965||Dhillon, Joginder SinghJoginder Singh Dhillon||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1965||Patwardhan, AppasahebAppasaheb Patwardhan||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|1965||Dikshit, Bhalchandra BabajiBhalchandra Babaji Dikshit||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1965||Dunn, P. O.P. O. Dunn||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1965||Godbole, Narasinh NarayanNarasinh Narayan Godbole||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1965||Gombu, NawangNawang Gombu||Sports||West Bengal|
|1965||Gyatso, SonamSonam Gyatso||Sports||Sikkim|
|1965||Katoch, Kashmir SinghKashmir Singh Katoch||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1965||Khan, Akbar AliAkbar Ali Khan||Public Affairs||Andhra Pradesh|
|1965||Kirloskar, Shantanu LakshmanShantanu Lakshman Kirloskar||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1965||Kohli, Mohan SinghMohan Singh Kohli||Sports||Delhi|
|1965||Lal, Pratap ChandraPratap Chandra Lal||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1965||Mujeeb, MohammadMohammad Mujeeb||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1965||Narlikar, JayantJayant Narlikar||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1965||Rajaram, RamaswamyRamaswamy Rajaram||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1965||Ramanathan, K. R.K. R. Ramanathan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1965||Ray, SatyajitSatyajit Ray||Arts||West Bengal|
|1965||Sen, TrigunaTriguna Sen||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1965||Shahaney, Santu JouharmalSantu Jouharmal Shahaney||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1965||Sharma, ShivShiv Sharma||Medicine||Uttar Pradesh|
|1965||Singh, HarbakshHarbaksh Singh||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1965||Verma, Vrindavan LalVrindavan Lal Verma||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1965||Verma, Manikya LalManikya Lal Verma||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1966||Aiyer, T. S. RamaswamiT. S. Ramaswami Aiyer||Public Affairs||Tamil Nadu|
|1966||Chinai, Babubhai ManeklalBabubhai Maneklal Chinai||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1966||Duraiswami, Puliyur KrishnaswamyPuliyur Krishnaswamy Duraiswami||Medicine||Delhi|
|1966||Kurien, VergheseVerghese Kurien||Trade & Industry||Gujarat|
|1966||Mehta, ZubinZubin Mehta||Arts||– [f]|
|1966||Menon, K. P. KesavaK. P. Kesava Menon||Public Affairs||Kerala|
|1966||Mukharji, Bhabani CharanBhabani Charan Mukharji||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1966||Pillai, Mannathu PadmanabhaMannathu Padmanabha Pillai||Social Work||Kerala|
|1966||Pillai, K. ShankarK. Shankar Pillai||Arts||Delhi|
|1966||Sarabhai, VikramVikram Sarabhai||Science & Engineering||Gujarat|
|1966||Sarwate, Vinayak SitaramVinayak Sitaram Sarwate||Literature & Education||Madhya Pradesh|
|1966||Sethna, HomiHomi Sethna||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1966||Singh, JodhJodh Singh||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1966||Upadhyaya, HaribhauHaribhau Upadhyaya||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1967||Anand, Mulk RajMulk Raj Anand||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1967||Cherian, TaraTara Cherian||Social Work||Tamil Nadu|
|1967||Chopra, Mulk RajMulk Raj Chopra||Civil Service||Uttarakhand|
|1967||Das, TulsiTulsi Das||Medicine||Punjab|
|1967||Handique, Krishna KantaKrishna Kanta Handique||Literature & Education||Assam|
|1967||Jain, Akshay KumarAkshay Kumar Jain||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1967||Jayakar, PupulPupul Jayakar||Social Work||Delhi|
|1967||Khan, Ali AkbarAli Akbar Khan||Arts||West Bengal|
|1967||Kohli, D. P.D. P. Kohli||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1967||Krishnan, RamanathanRamanathan Krishnan||Sports||Tamil Nadu|
|1967||Lakshmanan, C. KottiethC. Kottieth Lakshmanan||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1967||Mahadevan, T. M. PonnambalamT. M. Ponnambalam Mahadevan||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1967||Mehta, Kalyanji VithalbhaiKalyanji Vithalbhai Mehta||Literature & Education||Gujarat|
|1967||Padmavati, S. I.S. I. Padmavati||Medicine||Delhi|
|1967||Patil, Vasantrao BandojiVasantrao Bandoji Patil||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1967||Pavate, D. C.D. C. Pavate||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1967||Potdar, Datto VamanDatto Vaman Potdar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1967||Rao, B. ShivaB. Shiva Rao||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1967||Saiyidain, Khwaja GhulamKhwaja Ghulam Saiyidain||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1967||Sarkar, Ashok KumarAshok Kumar Sarkar||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1967||Sen, MihirMihir Sen||Sports||West Bengal|
|1967||Shankar, RaviRavi Shankar||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1967||Shroff, Kaikhushru RuttonjiKaikhushru Ruttonji Shroff||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|1967||Vasanthakumari, M. L.M. L. Vasanthakumari||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|1968||Bandhu, Acharya VishvaAcharya Vishva Bandhu||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1968||Bhatnagar, Prabhu LalPrabhu Lal Bhatnagar||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1968||Sengupta, Sudhir RanjanSudhir Ranjan Sengupta||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1968||Jadhav, Mary ClubwalaMary Clubwala Jadhav||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1968||Karanth, K. ShivaramK. Shivaram Karanth[g]||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1968||Khan, BismillahBismillah Khan||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1968||Khandekar, Vishnu SakharamVishnu Sakharam Khandekar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1968||Manekshaw, SamSam Manekshaw||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1968||Master, Mansukhlal AtmaramMansukhlal Atmaram Master||Public Affairs||Maharashtra|
|1968||Menon, M. G. K.M. G. K. Menon||Medicine||Delhi|
|1968||Metre, Waman BapujiWaman Bapuji Metre||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1968||Modi, GujarmalGujarmal Modi||Trade & Industry||Uttar Pradesh|
|1968||Modi, Murugappa ChannaveerappaMurugappa Channaveerappa Modi||Medicine||Karnataka|
|1968||Narasimhan, GopalanGopalan Narasimhan||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1968||Pal, Benjamin PearyBenjamin Peary Pal||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|1968||Prakash, BrahmBrahm Prakash||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|1968||Rau, Manikonda ChalapathiManikonda Chalapathi Rau[h]||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1968||Rao, C. R.C. R. Rao||Science & Engineering||Delhi[i]|
|1968||Rath, RadhanathRadhanath Rath||Literature & Education||Odisha|
|1968||Ray, Jyotish ChandraJyotish Chandra Ray||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1968||Ruthnaswamy, MariadasMariadas Ruthnaswamy||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1968||Sahay, RaghupatiRaghupati Sahay||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1968||Satwalekar, Shripad DamodarShripad Damodar Satwalekar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1968||Kurup, G. SankaraG. Sankara Kurup||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1968||Thooran, PeriyasaamyPeriyasaamy Thooran||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1968||Varma, Sarda PrasadSarda Prasad Varma||Civil Service||Bihar|
|1968||Vasavada, Shamaprasad RupshankerShamaprasad Rupshanker Vasavada||Social Work||Gujarat|
|1968||Venkatarangayya, MamidipudiMamidipudi Venkatarangayya||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1969||Bandyopadhyay, TarasankarTarasankar Bandyopadhyay||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1969||Chandar, KrishnaKrishna Chandar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1969||Dagar, Rahim-ud-in KhanRahim-ud-in Khan Dagar||Arts||Delhi|
|1969||Dantwala, Mohanlal LallubhaiMohanlal Lallubhai Dantwala||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1969||Datey, Keshavrao KrishnaraoKeshavrao Krishnarao Datey||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1969||Goenka, Keshav PrasadKeshav Prasad Goenka||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1969||Iyer, Semmangudi SrinivasaSemmangudi Srinivasa Iyer||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1969||Jhaveri, VithalbhaiVithalbhai Jhaveri||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1969||Kapoor, PrithvirajPrithviraj Kapoor||Arts||Punjab|
|1969||Kerkar, KesarbaiKesarbai Kerkar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1969||Kriplani, Krishna RamchandKrishna Ramchand Kriplani||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1969||Lahiri, AdinathAdinath Lahiri||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|1969||Lal, Gobind BehariGobind Behari Lal||Literature & Education||– [j]|
|1969||Lalbhai, KasturbhaiKasturbhai Lalbhai||Trade & Industry||Gujarat|
|1969||Mangeshkar, LataLata Mangeshkar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1969||Menon, V. K. NarayanaV. K. Narayana Menon||Science & Engineering||Kerala|
|1969||Nair, Raman MadhavanRaman Madhavan Nair||Literature & Education||Chandigarh|
|1969||Nizami, Samad Yar Khan SagharSamad Yar Khan Saghar Nizami||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1969||Parulekar, NanasahebNanasaheb Parulekar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1969||Pendharkar, Yashwant DinkarYashwant Dinkar Pendharkar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1969||Phadke, Vitthal LaxmanVitthal Laxman Phadke||Social Work||Gujarat|
|1969||Rao, RajaRaja Rao||Literature & Education||– [k]|
|1969||Ray, NiharranjanNiharranjan Ray||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1969||Sen, Prafulla KumarPrafulla Kumar Sen||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1969||Shah, Vallabhadas VithaldasVallabhadas Vithaldas Shah||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1969||Sherwani, Haroon KhanHaroon Khan Sherwani||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1969||Sreenivasan, KasturiswamiKasturiswami Sreenivasan||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|1969||Tata, NavalNaval Tata||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1969||Vasan, S. S.S. S. Vasan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
- The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.
- Vilayat Khan had earlier refused Padma Shri (1964) and later also refused Padma Vibhushan (2000).
- Kazi Nazrul Islam was accorded the citizenship of Bangladesh in January 1976.
- Verrier Elwin was citizen of the United Kingdom.
- Svetoslav Roerich was citizen of Russia.
- Zubin Mehta is citizen of Canada.
- K. Shivaram Karanth returned the award to protest against the Emergency declared in the country in 1975.
- Manikonda Chalapathi Rau returned the award.
- C. R. Rao was accorded the citizenship of the United States in 1995.
- Gobind Behari Lal was citizen of the United States.
- Raja Rao was citizen of the United States.
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The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
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All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
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