|• Body||Municipal Board|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||950 (approx.) ♂/♀|
Padrauna is a small town, and district headquarters of Kushinagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Its ancient name was Pava where lord Buddha took his last meal. It is the place where Lord Rama spent a few days of his life. Lord Rama passed from Padrauna and after that he reached at Ramkola where he made a hut with his wife Sita and younger brother Lakshman to stay. Padrauna is also the place of ancient Malla Kshatriyas who were following democratic way of ruling from their Santhagara.
The town is connected to many important cities with many Highways i.e. NH28B and State Highway No. 64. The town is well connected to different cities and towns with bus routes and buses provided by UPSRTC, one of the shatabdi bus daily runs from padrauna to kanpur via lucknow gorakhpur and kasya Padrauna railway station is on a broad gauge railway that connects to major cities of the country. At present trains run between Chapra and Lucknow. It is expected to have Kushinagar International Airport whose construction was stalled due to absence of an active public private partnership.The proposed Buddha Expressway between Kushinagar and Sarnath will provide connectivity with south eastern cities in the state like Varanasi, Allahabad, Azamgarh as well as Kolkata through National Highway 2 in Varanasi.
All houses are connected with cable TV networks or direct to home (DTH) connections. Many newspapers are popular i.e., Dainik Jagran, Hindustan, Amar Ujala, Rashtriya Sahara, I Can News Weekly , etc. Most of them are Hindi newspapers.
The economy of Padrauna mainly consists of Agriculture followed by Services and a little contribution is made by Industrial sector. There are many family run businesses, shops, vendors, hawkers, etc., in Padrauna. A number of small and mid-size hotels exist in Padrauna. Earlier there were few industries (Cawnpore Sugar Works, sugar factory for example) which are no more operational.
The shutting down of factories led to poverty and backwardness of this region. The backwardness is further soared by the power shortage in this region.
Landmarks and geography
Notable landmarks are: Subhash Chowk, Nahar,Rajdarbar, Gudaribajar, Durgamandir, Jataharoad, Belawan chungi, sugar mill etc. Kushinagar.
It lies in the Great Plains and is Terai area, very close to piedmont plains of Himalayas, and is very close to borders of Nepal and Bihar. It is located on the bank of river Bansi, a Ganges tributary originating in Nepal. The town presents characteristics distinct from natural features of the western districts of Uttar Pradesh. This difference is due primarily to the relative proximity of the Himalayas, the outermost foothills of which are only a few kilometres from the northern borders. The peak of Dhaulagiri, some 8,230 meters above sea-level, is visible under favourable climatic conditions as far south as Padrauna itself. Below the outer hills is a dry boulder-strewn tract, corresponding to the Bhabar of Kumaun and Garhwal and here the bulk of the moisture contributed by the rainfall and the small streams is absorbed by the soil, to reappear through seepage in the damp and unhealthy tract, known as the terai.
The climate is extreme temperate climate, with soaring temperatures in summer crossing 40 degrees and in winters temperatures as low as 3 to 4 degrees.
The town has several schools like Navodaya Vidyalaya,Goswami Tulsi Das Intermediate college, Tulsi vidya niketan,Udit Narayan Intermediate College , D.D.N. Public School, Midas School of Learning, Geeta International Public School, Udit Narayan Post Graduate college, Bhartiya Intermediate College,St. Thereses School,Hanuman Intermediate College,Real Paradise Academy school,ITI,Tapesawari vidya mandir,HIIT institute Baluchahan Road Shree Ganga Public School etc.
Literacy rate is relatively low as compared to the UP state average 69.72 and 63% of its residents are literate.
There are several mythological stories connected with this city and it is believed that Gods have visited this town which include Rama, his wife Seeta and his brotherLakshmana. Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death near this town.
As Lord Rama passed across this town with his foot, it was named as Padraoda.(Pad=Feet) (Raoda=To walk with forcing feet to the ground).
The majority is Hinduism while other religions with dominant position are Islam, Sikhism and small population of Buddhism and Christianity exists in Padrauna.
The population density of this region is very high crossing 800 persons per square Kilometer. and one more thing is there the economy of this town is on higher side after Gorakhpur.