Padrauna

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Padrauna
Town
Darbar dwar
Main Gate of the Palace
Nickname(s): 
PAVA
Padrauna is located in Uttar Pradesh
Padrauna
Padrauna
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°54′N 83°59′E / 26.9°N 83.98°E / 26.9; 83.98Coordinates: 26°54′N 83°59′E / 26.9°N 83.98°E / 26.9; 83.98
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictKushinagar district
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • BodyMunicipal Board
Population
(2011)
 • Total49,723
 • Rank22
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
274304
Telephone code05564
Vehicle registrationUP-57
Sex ratio950 (approx.) /
Websitewww.kushinagar.nic.in

Padrauna is a city and the district headquarter of Kushinagar in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Its ancient name was Pava where Lord Buddha took his last meal. It is the place where Lord Rama spent a few days of his life. After passing from Padrauna, Lord Rama reached at Ramkola where he made a hut with his wife Sita and younger brother Lakshman to stay. Padrauna is also the place of ancient Malla Kshatriyas who were following a democratic form of government from their Santhagara.

Connectivity[edit]

The town is connected to many important cities through National Highway 28B[1] and State Highway No. 64. One of the Shatabdi bus daily runs from Padrauna to Kanpur. Also, Janrath bus connects Padrauna to Lucknow. Padrauna Railway Station is on a broad gauge railway that connects to major cities of the country. Currently, trains run for cities like Chhapra, Lucknow,Siddharthnagar, Delhi, Katihar, Jalandar and other important cities. It is expected to be a part of the proposed Kushinagar International Airport. The proposed Buddha Expressway between Kushinagar and Sarnath will provide connectivity with south eastern cities in the state like Varanasi, Allahabad, Azamgarh as well as Kolkata through National Highway 2 in Varanasi.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Padrauna mainly consists of Agriculture followed by Services and a little contribution is made by Industrial sector. There are many family run businesses, shops, vendors, hawkers, etc., in Padrauna. A number of small and mid-size hotels exist in Padrauna. Earlier there were few industries (Cawnpore Sugar Works, sugar factory for example) which are no more operational.The shutting down of factories led to poverty and backwardness of this region. The backwardness is further soared by the power shortage in this region.

Landmarks and geography[edit]

Sugar Factory in dis use

Notable landmarks are: Subhash Chowk, Nahar,Rajdarbar, Gudaribajar, Durgamandir, Jataharoad, Belawan chungi, sugar mill etc. Kushinagar. It lies in the Great Plains and is Terai area, very close to piedmont plains of Himalayas, and is very close to borders of Nepal and Bihar. It is located on the bank of river Bansi, a Ganges tributary originating in Nepal. The town presents characteristics distinct from natural features of the western districts of Uttar Pradesh. This difference is due primarily to the relative proximity of the Himalayas, the outermost foothills of which are only a few kilometres from the northern borders. The peak of Dhaulagiri, some 8,230 meters above sea-level, is visible under favourable climatic conditions as far south as Padrauna itself. Below the outer hills is a dry boulder-strewn tract, corresponding to the Bhabar of Kumaun and Garhwal and here the bulk of the moisture contributed by the rainfall and the small streams is absorbed by the soil, to reappear through seepage in the damp and unhealthy tract, known as the terai.The climate is extreme temperate climate, with soaring temperatures in summer crossing 40 degrees and in winters temperatures as low as 3 to 4 degrees.

Education[edit]

Udit Narayan Inter College

The town has several schools like Kendriya Vidyalaya Navodaya Vidyalaya,Goswami Tulsi Das Intermediate college, Tulsi vidya niketan,Udit Narayan Intermediate College, D.D.N. Public School, Midas School of Learning, Geeta International Public School, Udit Narayan Post Graduate College, Bhartiya Intermediate College,St. Thereses School,Hanuman Intermediate College,Real Paradise Academy school,ITI,Tapesawari vidya mandir,HIIT institute Baluchahan Road Shree Ganga Public School etc.Literacy rate is relatively low as compared to the UP state average 69.72 and 63% of its residents are literate.[2].After pursuing 10th and 12th standard from Padrauna, students travel to other cities like Lucknow, Allahabad, Varanasi and sometimes up to New Delhi as well. Students from here are primarily interested in government sector jobs and secondary preference is private jobs. Students from Padrauna got selected in IAS, PCS, IPS top level government services and also became software engineers to serve top level companies in UK, Europe and USA as well.[citation needed]

Two men enjoying an Elephant ride in Market Street

Radio Stations[edit]

Radio Pragya 90.4 MHz is a community radio station in Padrauna, Kushinagar district.

Demographics[edit]

The majority is Hinduism while other religions with dominant position are Islam, Sikhism and small population of Buddhism and Christianity exists in Padrauna.

References[edit]

External links[edit]