Padua Hills Theatre

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Padua Hills Theatre
Padua hills theatre 001.JPG
Entrance to the theater
Padua Hills Theatre is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Padua Hills Theatre
Padua Hills Theatre is located in California
Padua Hills Theatre
Padua Hills Theatre is located in the US
Padua Hills Theatre
Location 4467 Via Padova, Claremont, California
Coordinates 34°9′4″N 117°42′3″W / 34.15111°N 117.70083°W / 34.15111; -117.70083Coordinates: 34°9′4″N 117°42′3″W / 34.15111°N 117.70083°W / 34.15111; -117.70083
Area 6.6 acres (2.7 ha)
Architect Marston & Maybury; Storm & Manhoney
Architectural style Mission/Spanish Revival
NRHP reference # 97001660[1]
Added to NRHP January 23, 1998

Padua Hills Theatre (1931-1974) was the longest running theater featuring Mexican-theme musicals in the United States. It operated as a non-profit business promoting intercultural understanding between European Americans and those of Mexican-descent.[2]

History[edit]

Padua Hills was a 2,000 acre tract of land directed by Bess Garner and Herman Garner. It was subdivided into a 6 acre artist colony called the Little Theater Association with a central dining room, artist studio, shops, and a small theatre. Located three miles north of Foothill Boulevard in the City of Claremont, the Spanish Revival buildings were nestled at the base of the mountains and surrounded by lush trees and shrubs. As described by the National Register of Historic Places, "The complex is situated on six acres of land and includes three buildings--a theater and restaurant building, an adjacent apartment, and a studio/residence--grouped around a central courtyard. The landscaping of olive trees and rock walls and curbing, along with an outdoor stage structure are contributing site features. A 'Padua Hills Theatre' sign with a pair of Mexican folk dancers and a life-sized statue of an Indian maiden add to the mood of the setting."[3] The theatre was operated by the Padua Institute, a non-profit educational corporation. Offering courses in Mexican folk music, dance, and Spanish, the Institute was advertised for its work in preserving the Spanish and Mexican heritage of early California.[4]

Theatre[edit]

Theater courtyard

Although originating as a small community theater featuring the Claremont Community Players in the hills of Claremont in southern California, by the depression years Padua Hills featured dinner theatre by the "Mexican Players." The group presented plays, songs, and dances for theatre patrons from 1931 to 1974. Although performing in Spanish, the performances drew primarily an Anglo audience.[5] These efforts were consistent with a larger move towards what has been called the Spanish Fantasy Past, a nostalgic remembering of a bygone pre-Anglo past. Other examples of this regional mythology that are popularly recognized by historians include the San Gabriel Mission Play, Los Angeles Olvera Street, and Helen Hunt Jackson's popular novel Ramona.[6] The Padua plays were unique in their blending of this "pastoral pageantry" with the more lauded "ethnic theater," whose purpose was to inform and educate the general public about the cultural attributes of Mexican, Spanish and early Californian life.[7]

Mexican Players (Paduanos)[edit]

The focus of the Padua experience were the Mexican Players. The Garners largely recruited the players from the nearby Claremont barrio. Although their most visible task was to provide entertainment, they were also responsible for cooking, maintaining the property, and waiting on tables. Each performance was followed by a jamaica (a post-production party) in which theatre patrons and the Paduanos (as the Mexican Players referred to themselves) interacted in a festive setting. The expressed intent of the business was to form an "intercultural understanding" between Anglo-Americans and Mexican/ Mexican-Americans. Although seeking to positively portray Mexican culture, the Institute's efforts have since been critiqued for distorting California history and replacing old stereotypes of Mexicans as threatening with new stereotypes of Mexicans as politically benign.[8]

Despite the political criticisms of Mexican American folk theater, Paduanos found opportunities for self-discovery, to forge strong relationships, and to achieve successful careers in theatre and beyond. Participation in the plays allowed the players to share their artistic talents where elsewhere there were few opportunities for Latino/a actors. For the larger community, it created an atmosphere in which negative attitudes towards Mexican Americans were temporarily averted. And, it created a space where Mexican American youth received training in song and dance resulting in their theatrical advancement. Bess Garner was primarily responsible for working with the players and has been remembered both fondly and as a well-intentional woman who, consistent with racial tensions as the time, could be maternalistic towards the players by actively discouraging movement to Hollywood studios and acting condescendingly towards youth housed on the Padua grounds.[9]

Partial List of Players[edit]

  • Manuel Aguilar
  • Lilly Aguilar
  • Samuel Adame
  • Miguel Aguilar
  • José Alba
  • Florence Alvarez
  • Casilda Amador
  • Beatriz Anaya (Lopez)
  • Pauline Anaya
  • Jámés Ard
  • Alfred Bustillos
  • Manuel Carrasco
  • Beatriz Castillo
  • Conchita Cervantes
  • Miguel Cisneros
  • Manuel Dias
  • Salvador Espinosa
  • Alfonso Gallardo
  • Philipe Garcia
  • Jose Garcia
  • Josephine Garcia
  • Lupe Gonzalez
  • Macaria Gomez
  • Cesaria(Sarita)Gomez
  • Rubén Guerrero
  • Liduvina Guillen
  • Mariquita Hernandez
  • Jesus Huerta
  • Manuela Huerta (Matute)
  • Mauricio Jara
  • Micaela Jimenez
  • Emma Lopez
  • Sara Macias
  • Manuel Madrid
  • Juan Matute
  • Cristina Martínez
  • Isabel Martínez
  • Maria Martinez
  • Lupe Mendoza
  • Eduardo Montaño
  • Nena Morales
  • Felix Moreno
  • Guillermo Nieto
  • Gregorio Ornelas
  • Margarita Park
  • Mary Ann Park

Maria Perez

  • Maria Prado
  • Grace Ramirez
  • Hilda Ramirez (Jara)
  • Jovita Ramoss
  • Eva Rodriquez
  • Rebecca Romo
  • Anita de la Rosa
  • Francisco Sánchez Flores
  • Salvador Sánchez
  • Rachel Sepulveda
  • Carlos Tarín
  • Joe Tolentino
  • Eduardo Turley
  • Samuel Valadez
  • Flavio Vera
  • Manuel(Miguel)Vera

Jose Guadalupe Vera (Panchito) Manuel Vera (Jr) Alfredo Vera

  • Maximina Zuñiga[10]

Current Uses[edit]

After the theater's closing in the 1980s, the main dining room and grounds have been used to host weddings and special events under the management of Chantrelles Fine Catering.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Garcia, Matt (Winter 1996). "Adjusting the Focus: Padua Hills Theatre and Latino History". OAH Magazine of History. 10 (2). 
  3. ^ "Padua Hills Theatre". National Register. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Historic Flyers of Padua Hills Theatre". Los californios. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ Garcia, Matt (2001). A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970. University of North Carolina. 
  6. ^ Deverell, William (2004). Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of its Mexican Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 
  7. ^ Garcia, Matt (2001). A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970. University of North Carolina Press. 
  8. ^ Garcia, Matt (Winter 1996). "Adjusting the Focus: Padua Hills Theatre and Latino History". OAH Magazine of History. 10 (2): 19–22. doi:10.1093/maghis/10.2.19. 
  9. ^ Garcia, Matt (Fall 1995). ""Just Put on That Padua Hills Smile": The Mexican Players and the Padua Hills Theatre, 1931- 1974". California History. 74 (3): 244–261. doi:10.2307/25177509. 
  10. ^ Garcia, Matt (Fall 1995). ""Just Put on That Padua Hills Smile": The Mexican Players and the Padua Hills Theatre, 1931-1974". California History. 74 (3): 244–261. doi:10.2307/25177509. 
  11. ^ "Home Page". Retrieved March 15, 2013.